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Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep ; 25: 101273, 2022 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1664610

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: to report a case of Acute Disseminated EncephaloMyelitis (ADEM) occurring after documented SARS-Cov2 infection and flu-like disease. OBSERVATION: A 59-years-old woman presented with progressive visual loss and right leg paresthesia started 6 days earlier when CT scan excluded abnormalities. Visual acuity was OU hand motion with bilateral slow pupillary response and unremarkable ocular extrinsic motility while visual field testing showed diffuse bilateral sensitivity reduction. The patient had also right leg paresthesia and reported a 2-weeks flu-like syndrome 15 days earlier, with nausea, diarrhea, anosmia, ageusia, cough. Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging revealed bilateral optic nerve enhancement, multiple brain and spine lesions. SARS-CoV-2 PCR tested negative on nasal swab and positive on cerebrospinal fluid. Patient's serum tested positive for anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG, negative for anti-aquaporin-4 and anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies. A diagnosis of suspect ADEM post SARS-CoV-2 infection was made and treatment with high dose intravenous methylprednisolone (with subsequent prednisone tapering) and immunoglobulins started. Ten days later vision improved to 20/30 RE and 20/25 LE and 3 months later to 20/20. CONCLUSION AND IMPORTANCE: ADEM may ensue after SARS-CoV-2 virus infection. High suspicious index and prompt aggressive treatment may result in complete vision restauration.

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