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Sustain Cities Soc ; 75: 103314, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1377836


Strict restrictions to halt the spread of COVID-19 provided an opportunity to quantify the contribution of different pollution agents. We analyze the concentrations of pollutants recorded in Rome during the lockdown periods for the containment of the spread of Covid 19, compared with those of other periods and years. We recorded a significant contribution attributable to heating systems powered by fuel. Thus, we propose the replacement of existing boilers for heating and drinking hot water (DHW) production systems, with air / water heat pumps, as an intervention to improve urban air quality. We analyze the replacement scenarios, within the entire residential building stock in the Municipality of Rome, in terms of emissions reduction, primary energy savings and reduced CO2 production. Results show significant reductions in concentrations. Reduction in primary energy consumption varies between 12% and 56% for various scenarios, different for outdoor temperatures and mix of electricity generation. The intervention on the urban scale can reduce air pollution on a long-term basis, implying significant reductions of polluting emissions in urban areas, and entailed reduced energy (and therefore environmental) costs, with a significant step towards sustainable cities.

Comput Part Mech ; 8(4): 737-749, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-935342


Coronavirus causes some illnesses to include cold, COVID-19, MERS, and SARS. This virus can be transmitted through contact with different atomic matrix between humans. So, this atomic is essential in medical cases. In this work, we describe the atomic manner of this virus in contact with various metallic matrix such as Fe, Al, and steel with equilibrium molecular dynamic method. For this purpose, we reported physical properties such as temperature, total energy, distance and angle of structures, mutual energy, and volume variation of coronavirus. In this approach, coronavirus is precisely simulated by O, C, S, and N atoms and they are implemented dreiding force field. Our simulation shows that virus interaction with steel matrix causes the maximum removing of the virus from the surfaces. After 1 ns, the atomic distance between these two structures increases from 45 to 75 Å. Furthermore, the volume of coronavirus 14.62% increases after interaction with steel matrix. This atomic manner shows that coronavirus removes and destroyed with steel surface, and this metallic structure can be a promising material for use in medical applications.