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Anesthesia and Analgesia ; 136(4 Supplement 1):83, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2322612


Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic posed numerous challenges to patient care, including extensive PPE use, patient care in isolation rooms, inadequate numbers of intensivists particularly in rural communities, use of unfamiliar ventilators that would be partially remedied by the ability to remotely control lung ventilation. The goals of the project were to study the intended use, risk management, usability, cybersecurity for remote control of ventilators and demonstrate the use of a single interface for several different ventilators. Method(s): Clinical scenarios were developed including remote control of the ventilator from an antechamber of an isolation room, nursing station within the same ICU, and remote control from across the country. A risk analysis and was performed and a risk management plan established using the AAMI Consensus Report--Emergency Use Guidance for Remote Control of Medical Devices. A cybersecurity plan is in progress. Testing was done at the MDPNP laboratory. We worked with Nihon Kohden OrangeMed NKV-550, Santa Ana, CA, and Thornhill Medical MOVES SLC, Toronto, Canada. Both companies modified their devices to allow remote control by and application operating on DocBox's Apiary platform. Apiary is a commercially available ICE solution, DocBox Inc, Waltham, MA. An expert panel was created to provide guidance on the design of a single common, simple to use graphical user interface (GUI) for both ventilators. Manufacturers' ventilation modes were mapped to ISO 19223 vocabulary, data was logged using ISO/IEEE 11073-10101 terminology using AAMI 2700-2-1, Medical Devices and Medical Systems - Essential safety and performance requirements for equipment comprising the patient-centric integrated clinical environment (ICE): Part 2-1: Requirements for forensic data logging. Result(s): We demonstrated that both ventilators can be controlled and monitored using common user interface within an institution and across the country. Pressure and flow waveforms were available for the NKV-550 ventilator, and usual ventilator measurements were displayed in near-real time. The interface allowed changing FiO2, ventilation mode, respiratory rate, tidal volume, inspiratory pressure, and alarm settings. At times, increased network latency negatively affected the transmission of waveforms. Conclusion(s): We were able to demonstrate remote control of 2 ventilators with a common user interface. Further work needs to be done on cybersecurity, effects of network perturbations, safety of ventilator remote control, usability implications of having a common UI for different devices needs to be investigated.

Critical Care Medicine ; 50(1 SUPPL):43, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1692107


INTRODUCTION: The National Emergency Tele-Critical Care Network (NETCCN) was developed to address limited and geographically unevenly distributed critical care (CC) providers during COVID-19 pandemic surges. Although designed for on-demand access to CC experts, for pandemic response, NETCCN continues to evolve and must be flexible and adaptable to future mass casualty/disasters. We report a pilot using tele-critical care (TCC) through NETCCN in emergency medical services (EMS). METHODS: We deployed a mobile device enabled cloud based, easy to use and learn, secure, HIPAA compliant TCC app developed for NETCCN in an emergency medical services (EMS) pilot designed to facilitate rapid communication via text, voice, video and file sharing between paramedics in the field, and emergency medicine specialists. A 30-minute session trained participants on the app, including account creation, login, and functions. EMS providers were encouraged to replace existing telephone communication triage protocols with the NETCCN mobile app. We collected the number/nature of consults, and narrative feedback. RESULTS: The pilot ran for 30 days and was used on average 3 times/week. No patient data was entered into the system, and the app was solely used for its communication features. The most common use case was terminating resuscitation. Debrief and feedback confirmed that the app was easy to use, not significantly affected by connectivity issues, and elicited several barriers to adoption by EMS providers: 1) manual input of patient data 2) perception of being micromanaged. Overall impression of the app and its utility was positive by both remote and EMS providers, and discussion elicited strategies to improve adoption: 1) incorporate TCC into protocols for interfacility critical care transport 2) automate patient data entry (e.g. scan driver's license)). CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that the NETCCN TCC app is quickly and easily usable in the EMS setting, but that further optimization is required to promote adoption. Novel non-disaster use cases like this can provide means to stabilize and sustain a system designed primarily for infrequent “as needed” response. Additionally, feedback and problem solving for these novel use cases can be an effective way to enhance system flexibility with dividends for future disaster use.