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Rev Colomb Psiquiatr (Engl Ed) ; 50(3): 189-198, 2021.
Article in English, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1466864

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to compare the emotional effects of COVID-19 among three different groups, namely: health personnel, medical students, and a sample of the general population. METHODS: 375 participants were recruited for this study, of which 125 were medical students (preclinical studies, 59; clinical studies, 66), 125 were health personnel (COVID-19 frontline personnel, 59; personnel not related with COVID-19, 66), and 125 belonged to the general population. The PHQ-9, GAD-7, and CPDI scales were used to assess the emotional impact. A multinomial logistic regression was performed to measure differences between groups, considering potential confounding factors. RESULTS: Regarding CPDI values, all other groups showed reduced values compared to COVID-19 frontline personnel. However, the general population, preclinical and clinical medical students showed increased PHQ-9 values compared to COVID-19 frontline personnel. Finally, confounding factors, gender and age correlated negatively with higher CPDI and PHQ-9 scores. CONCLUSIONS: Being frontline personnel is associated with increased COVID-19-related stress. Depression is associated, however, with other groups not directly involved with the treatment of COVID-19 patients. Female gender and younger age correlated with COVID-19-related depression and stress.


Subject(s)
Anxiety/etiology , COVID-19/psychology , Depression/etiology , Health Personnel/psychology , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Students, Medical/psychology , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anxiety/diagnosis , Anxiety/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Depression/diagnosis , Depression/epidemiology , Female , Health Surveys , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Peru/epidemiology , Psychological Tests , Risk Factors , Stress, Psychological/diagnosis , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Young Adult
2.
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría ; 2021.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1253523

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The aim of the study is to compare the emotional effects of COVID-19 among three different groups, namely: health personnel, medical students, and a sample of the general population. Methods: 375 participants were recruited for this study, of which 125 were medical students (preclinical studies, 59;clinical studies, 66), 125 were health personnel (COVID-19 frontline personnel, 59;personnel not related with COVID-19, 66), and 125 belonged to the general population. The PHQ-9, GAD-7, and CPDI scales were used to assess the emotional impact. A multinomial logistic regression was performed to measure differences between groups, considering potential confounding factors. Results: Regarding CPDI values, all other groups showed reduced values compared to COVID-19 frontline personnel. However, the general population, preclinical and clinical medical students showed increased PHQ-9 values compared to COVID-19 frontline personnel. Finally, confounding factors, gender and age correlated negatively with higher CPDI and PHQ-9 scores. Conclusions: Being frontline personnel is associated with increased COVID-19-related stress. Depression is associated, however, with other groups not directly involved with the treatment of COVID-19 patients. Female gender and younger age correlated with COVID-19-related depression and stress. RESUMEN Introducción: El objetivo del estudio es comparar los efectos emocionales de la COVID-19 entre 3 grupos diferentes, a saber: personal de salud, estudiantes de Medicina y una muestra de la población general. Métodos: Se incluyó a 375 participantes en este estudio, de los que 125 eran estudiantes de Medicina (estudios preclínicos, 59;estudios clínicos, 66), 125 eran personal de salud (personal de primera línea contra la COVID-19, 59;personal no relacionado con la COVID-19, 66) y 125 pertenecían a la población general. Las escalas PHQ-9, GAD-7 y CPDI se utilizaron para evaluar el impacto emocional. Se realizó una regresión logística multinomial para medir las diferencias entre grupos, considerando posibles factores de confusión. Resultados: Con respecto a los valores del CPDI, todos los demás grupos mostraron valores reducidos en comparación con el personal de primera línea contra la COVID-19. Sin embargo, la población general y los estudiantes de Medicina preclínica y clínica mostraron un aumento de los valores del PHQ-9 en comparación con el personal en primera línea. Por último, los factores de confusión, sexo y edad se correlacionaron negativamente con puntuaciones más altas del CPDI y el PHQ-9. Conclusiones: Ser personal de primera línea se asocia con más estrés relacionado con la COVID-19. Sin embargo, la depresión está asociada con otros grupos que no están directamente involucrados en el tratamiento de los pacientes con COVID-19. Las mujeres y los participantes más jóvenes se correlacionaron con la depresión y el estrés relacionados con la COVID-19.

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