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1.
European Journal of Molecular and Clinical Medicine ; 9(7):7566-7574, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2168021

ABSTRACT

Background: The word asphyxia is of Greek derivation and means "a stopping of the pulse". Any death is asphyxial in nature. But forensic pathology understands asphyxia as the interference with the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the body. Hanging and strangulation constitute asphyxia by compressing vital structures within the neck. Hanging is one of the ten leading causes of death in the world accounting for more than a million deaths annually. In India, hanging is one of the common methods of committing suicide. 2021 NCRB report also depicts the alarming rate of increase of suicide in the country. Over the past 30 years specially during and after the COVID-era the incidence of suicide by hanging is on increase, especially among young adults. 2021 NCRB report also depicts the alarming rate of increase of suicide in the country. Material(s) and Method(s): A cross-sectional study was conducted following the complete enumeration method over the body of deceased died due to hanging and came for medico-legal autopsy in Burdwan police morgue of West Bengal with specific Inclusion and Exclusion criteria. Study done on total 129 (N= 129) bodies of hanging cases Detailed information regarding the deceased, circumstances of death, its different sociodemographic parameters hanging were collected from the inquest, investigating officer and relatives. Result(s): Results showed that most of the victims of hanging were males. Highest incidence was in the age group of 21 to 30 years. Most of the victims were Hindus by faith. Conclusion(s): In Covid and Post-Covid era number of hanging cases has been increased mostly due to familial and socio-economical constrains. Copyright © 2022 Ubiquity Press. All rights reserved.

2.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13:4164-4172, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2206790

ABSTRACT

A vaccine is a material administered to an individual to boost their immune system's resistance against infection. Diseases that can be prevented by vaccination can be controlled and eradicated with proper vaccine handling and storage. It is crucial to formulate and deliver stable, effective and safe vaccines. Since vaccines are intricate biological products so any kind of temperature fluctuation can result in reduction of their effectiveness. To prevent this, cold storage facility is set up;refrigerators, thermometers and storage protocols are in place. The main vaccines distributed for COVID in India are Covishield and Covaxin. In order to maintain a cold chain supply for these vaccines, they must be transported and stored at a regulated temperature in accordance with the manufacturer's guidelines. The end-to-end supply chain for COVID-19 vaccines must adhere to specific cold chain standards from manufacturing to distribution in warehouses and healthcare facilities. Audits for cold chains and temperature monitoring should be performed regularly on the vaccine lots to ensure proper distribution practices are adhered. The present study focuses on the good distribution practice and storage of vaccines. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

3.
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science ; 22(1):15-21, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2198594

ABSTRACT

Even though there has been a significant amount of research conducted on the origin of SARS-CoV-2 (SARS-CoV-2) aetiology, very little is known about the disease's long-term effects till the date(1). As with previous viral infections, SARS-CoV-2 may raise the risk of developing cancer by altering tumour suppressor genes and expression of various pro-oncogenic proteins. We will conduct a comprehensive review of the available research on it,because an infection with SARS-CoV-2 might have a potential to cause cancer in the long run, researchers are looking at the likelihood of this happening, precisely on likeliness of occurring oral and pulmonary malignancies in this work. We speculate that one of these long-term impacts may be the SARS-carcinogenic CoV-2 virus. The viral proteins Nsp-15 or Nsp-3 are hypothesised to have pro-oncogenic effects when they interact with two essential tumour suppressors, pRB and p53 inhibitors. Copyright © 2023, Ibn Sina Trust. All rights reserved.

4.
7th International Conference on Advanced Production and Industrial Engineering, ICAPIE 2022 ; 27:565-570, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2198468

ABSTRACT

The pandemic that started in 2019 in Wuhan caused a vast number of deaths worldwide due to the absence of effective therapy against SARS-CoV-2. The present study investigates the interaction of AMP with viral protein and host receptors. We screened plant-derived antimicrobial peptides (AMP) from the docking web server with the help of PDB ID. We selected five anti-microbial peptides based on their antiviral and physiological activities. The interaction of anti-microbial peptide and Mpro was analyzed using the HADDOCK web server. The results revealed that the minimum Z-score was obtained by the 6LU7-1N4N complex followed by 6LU7-1GPS docked complex. The docking results showed the interaction potency of AMP with 6LU7. The dynamic simulation study of 100ns was performed to check the stability of the docked complexes of AMP and 6LU7. From the stable and positive results of dynamics studies, we can conclude that these selected AMPs have immense potential to be used as therapeutic agents for the treatment of disease. © 2022 The authors and IOS Press.

5.
2022 IEEE Region 10 International Conference, TENCON 2022 ; 2022-November, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2192087

ABSTRACT

Young children are at an increased risk of contracting contagious diseases such as COVID-19 due to improper hand hygiene. An autonomous social agent that observes children while handwashing and encourages good hand washing practices could provide an opportunity for handwashing behavior to become a habit. In this article, we present a human action recognition system, which is part of the vision system of a social robot platform, to assist children in developing a correct handwashing technique. A modified convolution neural network (CNN) architecture with Channel Spatial Attention Bilinear Pooling (CSAB) frame, with a VGG-16 architecture as the backbone is trained and validated on an augmented dataset. The modified architecture generalizes well with an accuracy of 90% for the WHO-prescribed handwashing steps even in an unseen environment. Our findings indicate that the approach can recognize even subtle hand movements in the video and can be used for gesture detection and classification in social robotics. © 2022 IEEE.

6.
14th International Conference on Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, ICITEE 2022 ; : 247-252, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2191883

ABSTRACT

Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has emerged as a supreme challenge for the whole world as well as India. As of now approximately 6.5 million people died in the world. However, the major setback to the world was in 2021 as a result of the second and third waves of COVID-19, which were caused by a different variation of COVID-19 than the first variant. The governments and health sectors were not aware of the subsequent possible waves due to the lack of data analysis competency and improper forecasting models. Hence finding an inflection point of this epidemic curve for COVID-19 infection and death is very imperative to understand different waves and variants instigating these waves. Similarly predicting the epidemic curve for the future is vital to make the government and the systems aware of the impending situation and make them prepare accordingly. Hence this work attempts to demonstrate conditions for finding inflection points and intervals which helps in finding the number of waves and the variants of COVID-19. Simultaneously the forecasting of the number of infections in forthcoming wave is also done using the auto-regressive integrated moving average model to identify the number of waves in India. The prediction of the two months data was compared with actual data for proper analysis. © 2022 IEEE.

7.
Managerial Finance ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2191585

ABSTRACT

PurposeThe paper intends to comprehend the pattern of usage of FinTech services among bank customers during the COVID-19 pandemic. The paper also examines the factors influencing the adoption of FinTech services by using the constructs from the technology acceptance model (TAM) together with highlighting the issues faced in using FinTech services in Assam.Design/methodology/approachThe research is empirical in nature. Data have been collected from 1,066 prime earners of the households having a bank account.FindingsThere has been an upsurge in the use of FinTech services in the area of study. Apart from government and private service employees, businessmen, self-employed professionals, many daily-wage earners and agriculturists have also experienced an increase in their frequency of usage of FinTech services thereby making technology-based financial services an indispensable tool in enhancing access, improving inclusivity in the times of crisis and aftermath. Government support, trust, perceived usefulness (PU), attitude and social influence have a positive influence on FinTech adoption;however, perceived risks impact respondents' trust towards FinTech services thereby requiring necessary measures to evaluate organizations' preparedness to deal with cyber threats.Originality/valueThe paper provides insight into the factors impacting the adoption of FinTech services to stimulate superior connectivity infrastructure, robust security measures and maintaining financial stability with adequate supervisory and monitoring regulations to enhance trust towards FinTech services during the crisis and aftermath.

8.
The Lancet Global Health ; 11(1):e145-e154, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2184810

ABSTRACT

Biotherapeutics, such as recombinant proteins and monoclonal antibodies, have become mainstays of modern medicine as shown by their increasing number in the WHO Model List of Essential Medicines. However, despite frequently offering clinical advantages over standards of care, they remain largely out of reach for populations in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), partly because of high costs. Accordingly, the WHO Model List of Essential Medicines Expert Committee has requested that the Medicines Patent Pool explore intellectual property licensing to address this challenge. We therefore investigated how licensing could successfully improve affordability of and timely access to biotherapeutics in LMICs, by leveraging expert consultations, literature analysis, and internal technical knowledge. The key elements identified as relevant to support access to affordable biosimilars in LMICs through licensing include: prioritising potential biotherapeutic targets according to their potential for public health impact;supporting biosimilar product and clinical development (including through technology transfer to expedite regulatory approval);and facilitating biosimilars' entry and use in LMICs (by meeting procurement, supply chain, and health system requirements). Copyright © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an Open Access article under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 license

9.
Materials Horizons: From Nature to Nanomaterials ; : 111-128, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2173862

ABSTRACT

The enduring Covid-19 pandemic has turned out to be extremely damaging, creating a severe health emergency around the globe. The exponential rise in confirmed cases raises alarm over the rapid nature of the spread of the virus, and is indicative of the need for mandatory safety measures to be implemented in order to keep rising infections at bay. The situation necessitates following all possible recommended measures such as social distancing, wearing face masks, regular hand hygiene, and respiratory practices. In addition to these measures the use of disinfectants for the inactivation of public, exposed, and high-risk areas and surfaces, along with day-to-day sanitizing practices, can go a long way to repel the surge of the virus. Though there are a variety of disinfectants available for inanimate and animate surfaces, their appropriate use and dosage is crucial for maximum efficacy and for avoiding any related human health hazards. This chapter focusses on the various physical and chemical disinfectants available that are now being employed for inactivation of coronaviruses. The optimum dosages and modes of operation, along with their efficacies, have been elaborated. This chapter is expected to provide a better understanding of the disinfectant technologies available, with suitable dosages for their appropriate use, in the employment of the long fight against coronaviruses for the foreseeable future. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

10.
Materials Horizons: From Nature to Nanomaterials ; : 1-4, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2173856

ABSTRACT

Currently, the whole world is under a serious threat to public health by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19), which is believed to begin in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. As of 11 May 2020 more than 4 million cases of COVID‐19, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‐CoV‐2), have been confirmed. SARS‐CoV‐2 is a highly pathogenic and transmissible coronavirus that primarily spreads through respiratory droplets and close contact. A growing body of clinical data suggests that a cytokine storm is associated with COVID‐19 severity and is also a crucial cause of death from COVID‐19. It becomes more disastrous when the viral epidemiology has been varied making the virulence trajectories of nascent coronaviruses difficult to envisage. More uncertainties of the disease will be revealed, and more response actions will be implemented. It is currently paid increasing attention to this crisis over the study period, and substantial efforts are being made to identify insufficiency, incongruency and supply chain issues all across the globe. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

11.
J R Coll Physicians Edinb ; : 14782715221142559, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2153434

ABSTRACT

Over the past 2 years, a plethora of mucocutaneous manifestations have been described to be associated with coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) infection. Nail changes attributed to COVID-19 have rarely been documented in the literature. We describe here a unique nail finding 'transverse erythronychia' due to COVID-19 and review the literature on the diverse nail pathology attributed to the disease.

12.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(13):1519-1528, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2145488

ABSTRACT

One year during the pandemic of Coronavirus, various suitable potential outcomes have been made in overall endeavors to make and disperse a reasonable immunization. The quick improvement of various inoculations is astounding;by and large, the system requires 8 to 15 years. The inoculation of a basic extent of the worldwide populace, which is imperative for containing the pandemic, is currently confronting another arrangement of obstacles, including dangerous new kinds of the infection, overall rivalry over a lack of dosages, as well as open doubt about the immunizations. A protected and solid immunization Coronavirus is borne natural product internationally. There are as of now in excess of twelve immunizations overall approved;a lot more keep on being created. This paper utilized Coronavirus immunization related tweets to introduce an outline of the public's responses on current inoculation drives by utilizing topical feeling and close to home investigation, and socioeconomics understanding to individuals. Further, tests were completed for opinion examination to reveal new data about the impact of area and orientation. By and large Tweets were for the most part regrettable in tone and a tremendous immunization pattern should be visible in worldwide wellbeing points of view, as proven by the examination of the job of exhaustive science and exploration in inoculation. Copyright © 2022, Anka Publishers. All rights reserved.

13.
Intelligent Systems Reference Library ; 233:147-174, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2128466

ABSTRACT

It is becoming increasingly challenging to construct a smart medical system because of the large amount of accumulating information in the scientific literature of the biomedical sector. The current scenario reflects progress in a variety of less known regions as a means of extraction for the understanding of prevention and treatment for significant medical diseases such as COVID-19. Recently, many good scientific research publications in the biomedical arena was released using the MEDLINE/PubMed dataset. In the fields of biomedical research and healthcare, assessing these enormous data sets and extracting valuable information is a critical but difficult endeavour. Here, we attempt to retrieve relevant data from openly accessible text materials, like medical reports, journals, articles, papers, and some other research works, in the medical area. hese types of text data undergo first preprocessing in this chapter using sentence tokenization, then stopword removal, stemming operations, and ultimately vectorization using the BioBERT model. Consequently, a structured data is generated to process each report in feature extraction process and then clustered the similar sentences by Fuzzy C-means clustering. Then, using multiple similarity clustering measures and a bi-objective strength measure, defuzzify the clusters and construct the base summaries. To construct the report summary, en ensemble summarising approach has been employed by using Pareto evolutionary algorithm. The method contains two optimization methods(or functions): one dependent on the produced summary size, which is constant, and the other dependent on the IG (i.e., information gain) of the considering base summaries, which is variable. When the process of evolution converges, the strongest chromosomal solution of the ultimate population offers a desired summary report. This approach is used to generate an efficient summary from biomedical reports publically available in the MEDLINE/PubMed dataset, and finally, its performance comparing with a few similar cutting-edge techniques. © 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

14.
International Conference on Nonlinear Dynamics and Applications, ICNDA 2022 ; : 1435-1447, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2128343

ABSTRACT

The current work describes the scenario of Covid-19 wave by SEIR model with the aid of mathematical analysis. The SEIR model describes the present scenario using a stability point of view, namely Disease-free equilibrium (DFE) and endemic (EE) equilibrium with the aid of the next-generation matrix, to predict the possible outcomes of recovery rate, infectious growth rate, and death rate and reproduction number. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

15.
Assam Journal of Internal Medicine ; 11(1):5-7, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2124858
16.
2nd Asian Conference on Innovation in Technology, ASIANCON 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2136105

ABSTRACT

Being able to understand the interconnectedness of the global markets can be of great help to global investors and portfolio managers. Identifying the direction of the shock propagations can be critical in managing the risk of a portfolio. In this research, we discuss a framework to study the connectedness of some selected international markets and study the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on this interconnectedness. We compute the h-step ahead generalized forecast error variance using a vector auto-regression (VAR) model with order p to study the volatility spillover and connectedness of the nations. Further, we use network topology to represent the net pairwise directional connectedness and use it to study the direction of volatility spillover. © 2022 IEEE.

17.
Medical Mycology ; 60(SUPP 1):262-263, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2123125
18.
Community Eye Health Journal ; 35(114):1-2, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2112057

ABSTRACT

If equity of access is a priority, communication technology has the ability to significantly increase access to eye health care. Digital technologies are a part of everyday life and, when used in the healthcare industry, have the potential to significantly enhance people's health. The World Health Assembly's adoption of the Global Strategy on Digital Health in 2020 encourages the development of digital health services to enhance health outcomes. There is also growing agreement that more people will be able to take advantage of universal health coverage thanks to the use of cutting-edge digital breakthroughs and technologies. Big data, artificial intelligence, genomics, wearable technology, and communication technologies are all included under the general phrase "digital health." The emphasis in this issue is mostly on communication technologies, including telehealth, telemedicine, and teleconsultations (often known as "mHealth"). These have evolved into essential resources for providing healthcare, in part as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic's pressures. Communication technology has a lot of promise to contribute to the provision of high-quality, reasonably priced healthcare. But there are difficulties. As our article on advances in refractive error shows, new technology can be expensive and as a result, must be well adapted to the demands of the community where it will be utilized as well as of adequate quality to justify the financial investment made. Existing disparities in communities' access to technology, infrastructure, and education present another significant obstacle. If we want to prevent escalating currently present health imbalances, we must use technology in a manner that is appropriate, equitable, and ethical. When adding communication, they should focus on factors like inadequate internet connectivity, low digital literacy, and lack of access to broadband internet and smartphones, often known as "digital determinants of health." As a result, this issue's papers offer recommendations for creating inclusive and accessible teleophthalmology services for persons with disabilities, limited digital literacy, and those without internet access, while safeguarding patient data and privacy. This article also talk about the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in eye care and the necessity for fair AI service development.

19.
Community Eye Health Journal ; 35(114):4-5, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2112051

ABSTRACT

Given the difficulties in obtaining in-person medical services in the wake of the COVID-19 health care crisis, teleconsultation has grown to be an important part of the delivery of eye health services. In order to provide health care to people in remote areas or to those unable to travel to a secondary or teaching hospital, whether due to distance or the COVID-19 pandemic, teleconsultations, the use of communications technology to connect health professionals to each other and to patients, are critical. Although the idea of teleconsultation is not new, recent developments in technology, increased internet and mobile phone access, and the widespread usage of smart devices have all greatly accelerated its growth and appeal. Asynchronous or synchronous teleconsultations can be conducted (i.e., in real-time via interaction via text, audio, or video) (i.e., by transmitting or exchanging clinical information such as medical history, laboratory results, prescriptions, and so on). The delivery of eye care can transform from a centralized service to one that is patient-oriented and where choices are made as close to the patient as feasible with the use of teleconsultations in ophthalmology, also known as teleophthalmology. As a result, fewer sites will require an ophthalmologist's presence. By removing socioeconomic and demographic barriers to care, the philosophy of moving information rather than patients: for instance, a technician screening for retinopathy of prematurity sending images to be graded rather than taking the parents and infant to a hospital has advantages for both patients and healthcare professionals (by optimising health care costs). There is no denying that the use of teleconsultation services in India has significantly increased, despite the fact that there are still obstacles to be solved in the delivery of health services through telemedicine and teleconsultation. The objective should be to fully utilize teleconsultations for patients' benefits, enabling them to get care in settings closer to their homes and, as a result, reducing the number of patients who need to be referred (for physical examination).

20.
National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology ; 12(11):1958-1963, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2110645

ABSTRACT

Background: Adolescence is the intermediary linking phase from childhood to adulthood. Physical, sexual, psychological and social developmental changes during this period. Adolescence is a period of increased awareness of bodily cues and self-reflection, including evaluation of one's own body and appearance. Body misconception and body dissatisfaction, two very important potential causative factors of bad nutritional status of adolescents, have not been adequately investigated in rural India. Aims and Objectives: The present study on adolescents was conducted to assess the lifestyle factors and degree of dissatisfaction and misconception of their body. Material(s) and Method(s): An observational, descriptive, and community-based cross-sectional study was conducted by interviewing adolescents residing in the field practice area of the Department of Community Medicine, Medical College, Kolkata, during the months of March-April, 2022. The data were analyzed with the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Result(s): A total of 239 respondents were interviewed (74.1% male and 25.9% female). About 47.3% were early adolescents, 46.4% were middle adolescents, and rest 6.3% were late adolescents. About 56.5% was indulged in some kind of exercise. According to the total adolescent body image satisfaction scale score, 66.5% seemed to be satisfied with their body image. Body image dissatisfaction was associated with participants' age, gender, socio-economic status, and type of family. Conclusion(s): It is evident from the study that girl children, adolescents of the lower socio-economic status group, and middle, and late adolescents are more prone to be dissatisfied with their body image. Hence, they need to be given extra focus for restoration of their mental health. Copyright © 2022 Sudipta Das, et al.

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