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1.
Pedagogia Social Revista Interuniversitaria ; - (41):95-109, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2025289

ABSTRACT

The general purpose of this study is to identify and diagnose the family situation, the main socio-educational needs and government services of support and advice required by the families of the State of Aguascalientes (Mexico), in order to guide the process of analysis and redesign of public policies in family matters, by the Strategic Consultative Body (OCE) of the State Government. For this, a study with a non-experimental design, of a transactional type and with an exploratory and descriptive scope, was carried out, in which a sample of 2,488 families answered an instrument designed to measure sociodemographic indicators, social cohesion and socio-educational needs in a context where the confinement promoted by the state and federal governments respectively due to the contingency of COVID-19 was just beginning. The analysis of the results showed an adequate level of reliability in the items analyzed for the purposes of this study. Likewise, it was revealed that in the State the priority socio-educational needs are those related to substance addictions, depression and sadness, psychological or verbal aggression, physical aggression and other addictions (social networks, video games, gambling, pornography, among others). Regarding the government services with the highest demand, family psychological care, learning assertive communication processes with children, as well as care and prevention of domestic violence were identified. The previous results are relevant for the fact of reflecting a diagnosis of the family situation in a context affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as for the contribution they imply for the process of analysis and redefinition of state public policies on family matters as a result of the work of the OCE and the State Government.

2.
Journal of Clinical Oncology ; 40(16), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2005689

ABSTRACT

Background: Rituximab (anti-CD20 Ab) is the cornerstone of the treatment of non-Hodgkin B lymphomas. Infusion-related reactions (IRR) are the most common adverse effects. To reduce them, intravenous premedication with antihistamine and acetaminophen is administered prior to rituximab. If no IRR after first infusion, subsequent infusions time takes 3-6 hours. Many centers use the rapid 90-minute infusion (off-label). Since 2017 subcutaneous rituximab formulation is available, that takes 5 minutes of administration. Nevertheless, in order to reduce cost, due to approval of biosimilars, some health providers continue using intravenous rituximab. On the other hand, with COVID pandemic, an effort to reduce visits and day-care hospitals stays has been made. In the current situation, it would be convenient to reduce day-care stay and the nursing care burden. We wanted to evaluate the safety of an ultrarapid infusion of biosimilar rituximab in a total time of 30 minutes by analyzing IRR and adverse events (AE). Methods: Since November 2021, 3 cohorts of ultrafast infusion have been studied as follows: One cohort (Cohort 1) with intravenous premedication with dexchlorpheniramine and acetaminophen, followed by rituximab infusion over 1 hour, and 2 cohorts with rituximab infusion over 30 minutes: Cohort 2: with intravenous premedication, and cohort 3 with oral premedication. IRR and adverse events have been independently reviewed and graded using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 5.0 (November 27, 2017). Results: 34 patients have been included receiving 48 rituximab infusions (16 infusions in each cohort). Median age was 64 years old (range: 51-91). Diagnostic of NHL were as follows: large b cell: 10;follicular: 13;marginal: 7;mantle cell: 1, Waldeström: 1;Ritcher transformation: 2. Rituximab infusion was in monotherapy (21), and in combination (27) with: bendamustine: 9, CHOP: 17, GEMOX: 1. Considering safety, no IRR has been observed in cohort 1 (1 hour infusion), and 1 IRR grade II in cohort 3 (30 minutes, oral premedication). Other AE were: hypertension grade I and hypotension grade I, both in cohort 2. Conclusions: Ultrarapid rituximab infusion is safe. Oral premedication is feasibly allowing a total infusion time of 30 minutes. This infusion rate alleviates day-care burden saving between 75-90% of time in each rituximab infusion, reduce day-care stay and is comfortable for the patients.

3.
Journal of Thoracic Oncology ; 16(10):S883-S884, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1474794

ABSTRACT

Introduction: There are currently no predictive biomarkers for long-term survival after neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy. However, the identification of non-small lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who obtain long-term benefit from chemoimmunotherapy is essential to optimize therapies. Methods: Using samples from NADIM clinical trial (NCT03081689), in which resectable stage IIIA NSCLC patients were treated with neoadjuvant chemo-immunotherapy with nivolumab, we have evaluated the capacity of ctDNA levels before treatment initiation to predict overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) by calculating Harrell’s C-statistic and we compare its predictive value with classical survival surrogates as the pathological response and clinical response assessed according to RECIST criteria v.1.1. The ctDNA was analyzed by NGS, using the Oncomine Pan-Cancer Cell-Free Assay™ (Thermo Fisher Scientific®). To explore the prognostic value of the amount of ctDNA at baseline, for each positive plasma sample, we calculated the sum of the mutant allele frequency (MAF) for all detected mutations. Patients who died from COVID19 were excluded from this analysis. Results: In our study, clinical responses based on RECIST criteria were not predictive for OS or PFS. On the contrary, in the multivariate analysis, patients with low ctDNA levels (<1% MAF), in the baseline sample, had significantly improved PFS and OS than patients in whom the opposite situation occurred (adjusted HR: 0.22;95%CI: 0.06-0.75;P=0.016 and adjusted HR: 0.04;95%CI: 0.00-0.45;P=0.008 for PFS and OS, respectively). The adjusted C-statistic (c) to predict PFS for ctDNA was 0.68 (95%CI: 0.51-0.84), which was superior to that of RECIST criteria (c=0.61;95%CI: 0.45-0.78) and similar to that of pathological response (c=0.68;95%CI: 0.52-0.84). Similarly, baseline ctDNA levels predicted OS (c=0.85;95%CI: 0.72-0.99) better than RECIST criteria (c=0.68;95%CI: 0.44-0.93). Conclusion: Pre-treatment ctDNA levels predicted more accurately long-term survival than radiological assessments in NADIM study and might be useful for the design of new clinical trials.

4.
Journal of Thoracic Oncology ; 16(10):S883, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1474793

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy been shown to be highly effective in resectable stage IIIA NSCLC. Now we provide long term survival data Methods: This was an open-label, multicentre, single-arm phase 2 trial in which patients with histologically or cytologically documented stage IIIA NSCLC and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1 and who were deemed locally to be surgically resectable by a multidisciplinary clinical team were treated with neoadjuvant intravenous paclitaxel (200 mg/m2) and carboplatin (area under curve 6;6 mg/mL per min) plus nivolumab (360 mg) on day 1 of each 21-day cycle, for three cycles before surgical resection, followed by adjuvant intravenous nivolumab monotherapy for 1 year (240 mg every 2 weeks for 4 months, followed by 480 mg every 4 weeks for 8 months). Here we report progression-free survival (PFS) and Overall survival (OS) at 36 and 42 months, assessed in the modified intention-to-treat population (ITT), which included all patients who received neoadjuvant treatment, and in the per-protocol population (PP), which included all patients who had tumour resection and received at least one cycle of adjuvant treatment. Results: Median follow-up time was 37.9 months (95%CI: 36.7-40.7), with a 94% maturity at 36 months. Among the ITT population (N=46), 37 patients, constituting the PP population, received subsequent adjuvant therapy. Of them, 27 (58.7%) patients completed the adjuvant treatment (16 cycles), 10 (21.7%) patients received between 3 and 15 cycles of adjuvant therapy, and 9 (19.6%) patients did not receive adjuvant therapy. At the time of data cutoff (March 2021), progression disease was diagnosed in 14 patients and 9 deaths were recorded in the ITT population. Of these, three deaths corresponded to patients who did not undergo surgery and had disease progression, four deaths corresponded to patients who underwent surgery and had disease progression, and the two remaining deaths corresponded to patients who were diagnosed as being disease free but died from COVID19 infection. Notably, among patients who could not undergo surgery (N=5), one of them is still alive and with no evidence of disease. PFS at 36 and 42 months in the ITT population were 69.6% (95%CI: 54.1-80.7), in both cases. Similarly, PFS at 36 and 42 in the PP population were 81.1% (95%CI: 64.4-90.5) in both cases. The percentage of patients who were alive at 36 and 42 months in the modified ITT population were 81.86% (95% CI: 66.8-90.6) and 78.94% (95%CI: 63.1-88.6), respectively. Likewise, OS at 36 and 42 months in the PP population was 91.0% (95%CI: 74.2-97.0) and 87.3% (95%CI: 69.3-95.1), respectively. Conclusion: The efficacy of nivolumab in combination with platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with resectable stage IIIA NSCLC is clearly supported by long term survival data. Keywords: NADIM trial, neoadjuvant chemo-therapy, long term survival

5.
Vigilancia Sanitaria Em Debate-Sociedade Ciencia & Tecnologia ; 9(3):92-101, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1411591

ABSTRACT

Introduction: In December 2019, the first group of patients with symptoms of atypical pneumonia was discovered in Wuhan, China. On January 7, 2020, the etiologic agent was identified;it was a new betacoronavirus, genetically similar to SARS-CoV-1, consisting of a simple RNA strand, an enveloped virus of 50-200nm in diameter, which was called SARS-CoV-2. Soon after, the disease was named COVID-19. On January 30, WHO declared a Public Health Emergency of International Importance due to the spread of the coronavirus. Tests for serological detection of IgM and IgG antibodies are those that provide an estimate of the immune response to SARS-CoV-2, highlighting the Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDT), simple and accessible with a result within 5-30 minutes, based on sensitization of antigens/antibodies conjugated to colloidal gold capturing specific proteins present in the infected serum, plasma or blood. Objective: This work aims to show the analysis carried out with RDT for COVID-19 diagnosis in compliance with the current legislation from 02.04 to 18.08.2020. Method: In March of 2020, 25 serum/plasma samples were donated, without any identification. These samples were the remaining samples of tests performed on individuals with a confirmed diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection by the RT-PCR technique from health services (National Institute of Infectious Diseases Evandro Chagas - INI and State Institute of the Brain Paulo Niemeyer - IEC) located in the metropolitan region of the state of Rio de Janeiro. The samples obtained in order to become a serological panel were stored at -20 degrees C until the moment of use. Simultaneously, a panel of samples with confirmed reactivity for IgM and IgG antibodies from COVID-19 was being made, throughout the pandemic and the samples used were evaluated against three Rapid Tests, of different antigenic compositions or different brands;two ELISA tests for IgM and IgG;two chemiluminescence tests and when applicable, a molecular test. In order to assess the specificity of the products sent, surplus donation plasma samples were selected, known to be negative for HIV, HTLV, hepatitis b and c, chagas and syphilis, collected between 2013 and 2014, in the southern regions of the country, period in which SARS-CoV-2 was nonexistent in the world. In addition to True Positive (VP) and True Negative (VN) samples, interfering serum or plasma samples with reactivity for HIV, HCV, HTLV, HBsAg, chagas disease, syphilis and dengue were also included in the evaluation. Results: Out of 178 TR lots, 74.1%, 132 lots were from China and 25.9%, 46 TR lots were from Brazil;Germany;South Korea;Canada;USA;Singapore;Ireland and Switzerland. The analytical result showed that 57.0%, 101 TR lots obtained a Satisfactory result and 43%, 77 lots had Unsatisfactory results, when compared to the Sensitivity and Specificity values declared by the manufacturer, in the Instructions for Use. Conclusions: The results obtained show the need for constant monitoring of TRs for COVID-19 with the primary purpose of guaranteeing the quality of products sold in the country, one of the National Health Surveillance System pillars of action.

6.
Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer ; 8:A298-A299, 2020.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1105522
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