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AEM Educ Train ; 6(Suppl 1): S85-S92, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1905777


Patients experiencing homelessness visit the emergency department (ED) often and have worse clinical outcomes. Caring for this patient population is complex, challenging, and resource-intensive. Emergency medicine (EM) education is lacking in formal curricula on the topic of homelessness, despite benefits for resident morale and patient care. Our goals were to identify a gap in EM education and training of the intersection of housing and health and propose educational topics and teaching methods to be included in residency curricula. Methodology was based on the development of a didactic session at the 2021 SAEM Annual Meeting. A needs assessment was performed through a review of medical education literature, a national survey of EM residency curricula, the individual curricula utilized by respective team members, and perspective from the team's own individual experiences with teaching about homelessness. Topics presented were chosen through discussion between the authors and determined to be common and relevant and cover a broad spectrum of content. The four presented topics included the intersection of COVID-19 and housing, the impact of LGBTQIA+ status on homelessness, housing status related to health system utilization and health outcomes, and housing inequity as a means of perpetuating structural racism. Suggestions for education of these topics included case-based learning, journal clubs, simulation, collaboration with social work, quality improvement projects, and engagement with community leaders. The ED is uniquely positioned to encounter the impacts of homelessness on health. Emergency physicians should be prepared to effectively care for these patients with complex social needs. Structured learning on this topic would benefit EM resident growth and lead to better patient care through improved screening, recognition of risk factors, and use of social resources.

J Cancer Educ ; 2021 Apr 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1182327


Breaking bad news is a key component of the physicians' work. Traditionally, breaking bad news has been encouraged to be performed in person whenever possible (Monden et al. Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) 29(1):101-102, 2016; Nickson 2019). The common practice prior to the pandemic can be summarized by "The first rule of breaking bad news is: do not do it over the phone." It is important to be present with the family and provide support through compassion and empathy. Until recently, virtual communication technology for serious medical discussions was rare and primarily used when compelled by circumstances such as distance. The COVID-19 pandemic has transformed our ability to deliver news in person and has required the medical community to increase the utilization of telephone and video conferencing to communicate with patients and their family members. Breaking bad news through virtual media is a new skill in need of further guidance and education regarding how to set up the conversation, provide empathy, and lend support (Wolf et al., Oncologist 25(6):e879-e880, 2020). Therefore, we have created a teaching toolbox to help educate healthcare providers on how to deliver bad news by phone or video.