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Italian Journal of Medicine ; 16(SUPPL 1):21, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1912998


Introduction and Purpose of the study: SARS-CoV2 infection is characterized by massive involvement of the respiratory system. During the various waves, the patients admitted to the Covid wards presented different degrees of pulmonary involvement and numerous comorbidities. Administration of oxygen therapy was the prevalent measure in almost all subjects. The aim of our study was to verify the level of severity and ventilation procedures in a group of subjects hospitalized for SARS-CoV2 infection. Materials and Methods: 388 subjects admitted to the semi-intensive Covid Unit of the F. Miulli Hospital in 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, by examining the SDOs. The main diagnoses and procedures performed were identified. A severity cluster was identified characterized by death, ventilation and hospitalization in the semi-intensive area (cut off at 14 days). Results: 82 were the deceased (21.1%). The main diagnoses most represented were: 84.2% respiratory failure, 3.3% heart failure, 2.5% pulmonary embolism and 1.5% septicemia. Regarding the procedures, 31.9% underwent C-PAP ventilation, while 0.7% underwent non-invasive mechanical ventilation. 64% of the subjects had a severe degree of disease evidenced by the composite cluster of deaths, ventilation and at least 14 nights in semi-intensive care. Conclusions: Our data shows that in the face of almost all patients with respiratory failure, about one third underwent ventilation procedures (C-PAP and NIV). More than half of the subjects had a severe degree of disease.

Italian Journal of Medicine ; 15(3):60, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1567679


Background: Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies are a heterogeneous group of pathological conditions characterized by muscle inflammation, and sometimes by inflammatory involvement of other organs, such as skin (in dermatomyositis) and lungs (pulmonary interstitial disease). Description of the case: 54-year-old woman, turns to the Emergency Room of Miulli Hospital in March 2021 for worsening dyspnea. In medical history: previous recent SARS-CoV-2 infection. She is admitted to Medicine Unit, where the characteristic signs and symptoms of myositis were objected: myasthenia affecting the proximal muscles, myalgias, plantar desquamation of the feet (climber's foot) and fingers (mechanic's hands), Gottron's papules. There are also: pericardial effusion, signs of pulmonary hypertension on echocardiogram, consolidating pulmonary parenchymal changes with fibrotic evolution on HR chest CT. She is transferred to the Rheumatology Unit of the Policlinico Di Bari to perform specific autoantibody panel (positivity of ANA, anti Jo- 1, anti Ro52), electromyography (signs of myogenic suffering), MRI of the thighs (hypotrophy and adipose replacement of the muscles of the posterior lodge) and muscle biopsy, indicative of muscle inflammation. Therapy with steroid boluses and cyclosporine 5mg/kg/day, shows quick effectiveness, and she is discharged with the diagnosis of antisynthetase syndrome. Conclusions: The diagnosis of antisynthetase syndrome is not always easy, due to the clinical heterogeneity of the disease and the need for specific instrumental and laboratory tests.