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1.
J Cyst Fibros ; 21(3): e184-e187, 2022 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1873121

ABSTRACT

Data regarding immunogenicity of SARS-CoV-2 BNT162b2 vaccine in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients are limited. We prospectively measured total (TAbs-RBD; U/ml) and neutralizing (NAbs-RBD; %) antibodies of SARS-CoV-2 spike-receptor binding domain (RBD) protein in 33 CF patients and 66 healthy controls with median age (IQR): 19.6 (17.6-24.3) years and 31 (29-36) years, respectively and investigated possible associations with epidemiological and clinical parameters. Compared to healthy controls, CF patients had higher levels of TAbs-RBD and NAbs-RBD after both doses (P-value < 0.001). One month after the second dose, CF patients and controls had TAbs-RBD: median (IQR): 3396 (2443) and 1452 (1231) U/ml, respectively. Similarly, the NAbs-RBD (%) were: 97.30 (1.00) and 95.70 (3.71) %, respectively. CF patients also had fewer local and systemic adverse events (AEs) (P-value < 0.001). Among CF patients, no significant differences in immunogenicity were detected regarding the phenotype, genotype, medications, or severity of the disease. BNT162b2 vaccine was immunogenic with limited reactogenicity in CF patients regardless of the phenotype or severity of disease.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Cystic Fibrosis , Vaccines , Adolescent , Antibodies, Viral , BNT162 Vaccine , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Cystic Fibrosis/epidemiology , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Young Adult
2.
J Med Virol ; 94(5): 2174-2180, 2022 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1640752

ABSTRACT

Limited prospective serosurveillance data in children regarding severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection have been reported. We prospectively investigated SARS-CoV-2 seropositivity in children during a 16-month period of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, including the four waves of the pandemic, before SARS-CoV-2 adolescents' vaccination. Serum samples from children admitted to the major tertiary Greek pediatric hospital for any cause, except for COVID-19 infection, were randomly collected from 05/2020 to 08/2021. The study period was divided into four 4-month periods representing relevant epidemic waves. Total SARS-CoV-2 antibodies for nucleocapsid protein were determined using the Elecsys® Anti-SARS-CoV-2 reagent. A total of 3099 children (0-16 years) were included in the study. A total of 344 (11.1%) seropositive children were detected (males: 205 [59.5%]; median age [interquartile range [IQR]]: 3 years [0.6-10]). Seropositivity rates (%) increased during the four 4-month periods: 1.4%, 8.6%, 17.2%, and 17.6%, respectively. A correlation of seropositivity rates in children with new diagnosed SARS-CoV-2 cases in the community was detected. No significant differences were detected between males and females. Seropositivity was significantly higher in hospitalized than in nonhospitalized children and in non-Greek compared to Greek children (p < 0.001). The lowest seropositivity rate before school opening (9/2021) was detected in the age groups 6-12 years (14.4%) and 12-16 years (16.1%). However, compared with the other age groups, the lowest median antibody titers were observed in children 0-1 year (median [IQR]: 13.9 cut-off index: [4.5-53.9] [p < 0.001]). Although the seropositivity of children was related to the community epidemic waves, the exposure was limited. Low seropositivity rates in school-age children support the need for SARS-CoV-2 immunization.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Adolescent , Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Prospective Studies , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Vaccination
3.
Vaccine ; 39(40): 5963-5967, 2021 09 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1595993

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Data regarding the association of antibody levels elicited after immunization with the BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine with epidemiological and clinical parameters are limited. METHODS: We prospectively measured the total (TAbs-RBD) and the neutralizing antibodies (NAbs-RBD) against the receptor binding domain (RBD) of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein in a cohort of 268 Healthcare workers before immunization, 20 days after the 1st dose and 30 days after the 2nd dose of the BNT162b2 vaccine. A statistical analysis for possible association of antibodies' levels with epidemiological and clinical parameters was performed. RESULTS: The mean age (±SD) of the participants was 45.45 years (±11.93) (range: 24-70 years) and 211 (79.9%) were females. Statistically significant differences were detected regarding both TAbs-RBD and NAbs-RBD between the first and second doses of the vaccine (P < 0.001). The median (IQR) percentage (%) of NAbs-RBD after the 1st dose was 51.07% (31.60%) and after the 2nd dose 95.31% (3.70%) (P < 0.001). The correlation between the TAbs-RBD and NAbs-RBD was after the 1st dose, Spearman's, rho: 0.861 (P < 0.001) and after the 2nd dose rho: 0.989 (P < 0.001). Twenty days after the 1st dose, 56/264 (21.2%) of the participants had low levels of NAbs-RBD, while one month after the 2nd dose all of them had protective levels of NAbs-RBD. After the 2nd vaccine dose, a statistically significant negative association of TAbs-RBD was detected for age (P < 0.001), smoking (P = 0.011), and immunosuppressive medications (P < 0.001), while a positive association was detected for BMI (P = 0.004) and systemic adverse events after immunization (P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: A significant correlation of TAbs-RBD and NAbs-RBD was detected after both vaccine doses. Older age, smoking, and immunosuppressive medications negatively affected the final antibody level after SARS-CoV-2 immunization. Our findings emphasize the significance of the 2nd vaccine dose especially in the older age groups.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Viral/immunology , COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Adult , Aged , Antibodies, Neutralizing/immunology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/immunology , Female , Humans , Immunization , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/immunology , Young Adult
4.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 17(12): 4755-4760, 2021 Dec 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1541480

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence and severity of adverse reactions (ARs) after immunization of healthcare workers (HCWs) with BNT162b2 vaccine and to associate them with clinical and epidemiological characteristics. METHODS: A form containing demographic and clinical data as well as ARs after both doses of the vaccine was completed, and statistical association analysis was performed. RESULTS: A total of 502 HCWs (females 78.3%) with mean age (±SD) 48.17 years (±12.97) participated. After the first dose, 404 (80.5%) HCWs reported at least one local AR (LAR) and 366 (72.9%) after the second dose (p-value=0.004). After the first dose, 121 (24.1%) HCWs reported at least one systemic AR (SAR) and 275 (54.8%) after the second dose (p-value<0.0001).In the logistic regression analysis, there was no association of gender or medical history of underlying disease with LARs. There was a negative association of age with the cumulative score (CS) of LARs (OR: 0.82, 95% CI: 0.69-0.96) after the first dose. Females had a positive association with CS of SARs following both doses (OR, 95% CI: 2.57, 1.39-4.73 and 2.71, 1.76-4.19, respectively). Age was negatively associated with CS of SARs (OR: 0.66, 95% CI: 0.57-0.76) after the second dose. Severe ARs included Bell's palsy (1) and tinnitus with temporary hearing loss (1). CONCLUSION: The administration of the BNT162b2 vaccine in our HCWs cohort had a good safety profile with the most common ARs being self-limited. An increasing rate of SARs following the second vaccine dose was noticed. Rare but severe possible ARs should be further investigated.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Female , Health Personnel , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccines, Synthetic
5.
Infection ; 50(1): 251-256, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1384717

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study was to access the SARS-CoV-2 antibody seroprevalence in healthcare workers (HCWs) of a tertiary pediatric hospital after the first wave of the pandemic and to compare the results among seven commercially available antibody detection assays, including chemiluminescence (CMIA), electroluminescence (ECLIA), Εnzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), and rapid immunochromatography (RIC). SARS-CoV-2 antibody detection was performed in serum samples of 1216 HCWs, using a reference CMIA assay and 8/1216 (0.66%) were detected positive. Positive serum samples were further tested with other assays; however, only one sample was positive by all tests. The rest 7 cases were negative with ECLIA and ELISA and gave discordant results with RIC test. Six months later, new serum samples of seropositive HCWs were analyzed with the same 7 tests, with inconsistent results again. Identification of reliable SARS-CoV-2 antibody tests is important to determine the actual number of past infections, the duration of antibodies, and guide public health decisions.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Antibodies, Viral , Child , Health Personnel , Humans , Pandemics , Seroepidemiologic Studies
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