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1.
Ankara Universitesi Eczacilik Fakultesi Dergisi ; 46(1):1-10, 2022.
Article in Turkish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20240307

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study is to measure the knowledge level of pharmacists working in Turkey about COVID-19 Material(s) and Method(s): The online questionnaire consisting of 16 questions in the form of true-false, developed by the authors after a comprehensive review of the literature, was delivered to pharmacists via social media and professional platforms (such as WhatsApp, Gmail, Instagram, LinkedIn) using the Google form. 364 pharmacists from all over Turkey who filled out the questionnaire were included in the study. Result and Discussion: In this study carried out in Turkey, it was determined that 99.5% of the pharmacists had good knowledge. When the factors affecting the level of knowledge of COVID-19 were examined, in our study, no relationship was found with the independent variables since the level of knowledge was homogeneously high. In the literature, it is reported that age, years of professional experience, having a master's and doctorate education are associated with better knowledge, while the length of experience is associated with the level of knowledge, while in some studies it is stated that no feature is related. However, the fact that it is a cross-sectional study creates a limitation in explaining the cause-effect relationship. Although the number of participants met the sample, it would have been desirable to have more.Copyright © 2022 University of Ankara. All rights reserved.

2.
Ankara Universitesi Eczacilik Fakultesi Dergisi ; 46(1):1-10, 2022.
Article in Turkish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2273624

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study is to measure the knowledge level of pharmacists working in Turkey about COVID-19 Material(s) and Method(s): The online questionnaire consisting of 16 questions in the form of true-false, developed by the authors after a comprehensive review of the literature, was delivered to pharmacists via social media and professional platforms (such as WhatsApp, Gmail, Instagram, LinkedIn) using the Google form. 364 pharmacists from all over Turkey who filled out the questionnaire were included in the study. Result and Discussion: In this study carried out in Turkey, it was determined that 99.5% of the pharmacists had good knowledge. When the factors affecting the level of knowledge of COVID-19 were examined, in our study, no relationship was found with the independent variables since the level of knowledge was homogeneously high. In the literature, it is reported that age, years of professional experience, having a master's and doctorate education are associated with better knowledge, while the length of experience is associated with the level of knowledge, while in some studies it is stated that no feature is related. However, the fact that it is a cross-sectional study creates a limitation in explaining the cause-effect relationship. Although the number of participants met the sample, it would have been desirable to have more.Copyright © 2022 University of Ankara. All rights reserved.

3.
Ankara Universitesi Eczacilik Fakultesi Dergisi ; 46(1):1-10, 2022.
Article in Turkish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2273623

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study is to measure the knowledge level of pharmacists working in Turkey about COVID-19 Material(s) and Method(s): The online questionnaire consisting of 16 questions in the form of true-false, developed by the authors after a comprehensive review of the literature, was delivered to pharmacists via social media and professional platforms (such as WhatsApp, Gmail, Instagram, LinkedIn) using the Google form. 364 pharmacists from all over Turkey who filled out the questionnaire were included in the study. Result and Discussion: In this study carried out in Turkey, it was determined that 99.5% of the pharmacists had good knowledge. When the factors affecting the level of knowledge of COVID-19 were examined, in our study, no relationship was found with the independent variables since the level of knowledge was homogeneously high. In the literature, it is reported that age, years of professional experience, having a master's and doctorate education are associated with better knowledge, while the length of experience is associated with the level of knowledge, while in some studies it is stated that no feature is related. However, the fact that it is a cross-sectional study creates a limitation in explaining the cause-effect relationship. Although the number of participants met the sample, it would have been desirable to have more.Copyright © 2022 University of Ankara. All rights reserved.

4.
International Journal of Medical Biochemistry ; 5(1):34-43, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2145521

ABSTRACT

Objectives: We retrospectively analyzed COVID-19 patients for clinical and hematologic features and tried to define the most appropriate markers to diagnose and predict the severity. Methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study. All 4443 patients included were diagnosed with reverse trancription-polymerase chain reaction between January 1 and December 30, 2020. We classified patients according to their mode of treatment: outpatient, inpatient in the ward, or inpatients in the intensive care unit (ICU). Results: The mean age of 2283 (51.4%) women and 2160 (48.6%) men included in the study was determined to be 39.77±17.30. Of the 4443 patients, 3985 (89.7%) were outpatients, 330 (7.4%) were inpatients, and 128 (2.9%) patients were treated in the ICU. The mean hospital stay was 8.36±4.55 days for the survivors in the ward group and 2.67±1.53 days for those who died (p=0.031). The mean hospitalization time of the survivors in the ICU group was 19.97±12.09 days, and the mean hospitalization time of the deceased was 13.10±9.99 days (p=0.001). Age, ferritin, D-dimer, glucose, ALT, AST, urea, creatinine, CRP, HgA1c, IMG, IMG%, and RDW-SD showed a gradual and significant increase in outpa-tient, ward, and ICU groups (p<0.001). Na, K, Neu, Neu%, MCV, RDW-CV, MPV, NLR, PLR, and NMR increased gradually from the outpatient group to the service and ICU groups, whereas Ca, RBC, Hgb, and Hct values decreased significantly (p<0.001). WBC, lymph%, and RDW were highest in the ICU group. Conclusion: Advanced age and being male are important risk factors for hospitalization. Indexes such as NLR, PLR, LCR, NMR, and LMR can be used to predict the severity of the disease. © 2022, Kare Publishing. All rights reserved.

5.
Flora ; 27(2):324-334, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2033381

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) has been shown to be a functional receptor for MERS-CoV. An interaction between the viral spike protein and DPP4 is thought to facilitate viral entry. We aimed to find out whether sitagliptin, a member of DPP4 inhibitors, would have beneficial effects in COVID-19 patients. Materials and Methods: In this single center retrospective study, we evaluated 58 patients of whom 16 were on sitagliptin treatment. Molecular docking studies were performed to identify possible interactions between ACE2 and sitagliptin. Results: Sitagliptin use shortened the time to clinical recovery about 3.5 and fastened viral clearance more than 5 days. Resolution of all symptoms was achieved on a mean±standard error (SE) of 2.50 ± 0.40 days in sitagliptin (+) group and 5.69 ± 0.61 days in sitagliptin (-) group (Log-rank test, p< 0.001). PCR tests for SARS-CoV-2 resulted negative in mean ± SE of 7.50 ± 0.98 days in sitagliptin (+) and 13.17 ± 1.07 days in sitagliptin (-) group (Log-rank test, p= 0.003). Compared to day 0, CRP, ferritin and D-dimer levels on days three, five, and seven were significantly lower whereas lymphocyte count was higher in sitagliptin (+) group. Conclusion: Our results suggest that sitagliptin seems to have a potential to be considered for the treatment of COVID-19.

6.
29th IEEE Conference on Signal Processing and Communications Applications (SIU) ; 2021.
Article in Turkish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1916003

ABSTRACT

The spread of Covid-19 pandemic in the population is formulated with SEIQR mathematical model. The estimation model, which is defined as a discrete time optimal control problem, is solved with Pontryagin minimum principle. The spread estimation model is tested on the real data and associated performance results are presented. It is shown that the proposed method estimates the pandemic model parameters successfully.

7.
The journal of sexual medicine ; 19(5):S201-S201, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1824389

ABSTRACT

Introduction During the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic, the psychological and mental conditions of the society worsen. The aim of this study is to examine the changes in their sex lives due to the Turkish COVID-19 outbreak. Method This online survey was conducted between April and June 2020 with 468 patients admitted to the hospital. After the approval was given, an online questionnaire was sent from the hospital database and from the social media accounts of health institutions (Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp, etc.) and e-mail addresses. The first part of the four-part questionnaire included demographic data, the second and third parts of attitudes before and after COVID-19, and the last part to assess sexual functions, sleep, anxiety and depression. Results The study was completed with a total of 390 participants. The response rate of the study is 83.33%. Sexual desires of healthcare workers (3.78 ± 1.03 vs. 3.07 ± 1.11;p <0.001), weekly sexual intercourse / masturbation number (2.58 ± 1.01 vs. 1.18 ± 1.01;p <0.001), duration of foreplay (19.27 ± 11.28 vs.10.12 ± 11.04;p <0.001), duration of sexual intercourse (24.65 ± 15.67 vs. 14.25 ± 15, 63;p <0.001) decreased compared to before the COVID-19 outbreak. In addition, participants preferred less foreplay (p <0.001), less oral sex (p <0.001) and anal sex (p: 0.007), and more non-face-to-face positions during COVID-19 (p <0.001) . When the factors affecting sexual dysfunction were examined as univariate and multivariate, it was shown that sexual dysfunction was significantly more common in male gender (OR: 2.048) and alcohol users (OR: 3.836). The shortcoming of the study is that the pre-COVID-19 sexual and mental states of the participants were not assessed with the validated questionnaire. Conclusion During the COVID-19 pandemic, the public's sexual desire decreased, the number of sexual intercourse decreased, the duration of foreplay was reduced, and the preference to be face-to-face in sexual intercourse positions decreased. Disclosure Work supported by industry: no.

8.
Eurasian Journal of Family Medicine ; 11(1):75-86, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1812126

ABSTRACT

Aim: Our aim was to find out the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of university students regarding the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as to evaluate their vaccination status and the students' approaches to COVID-19 vaccination. Methods: Our cross-sectional study was carried out in the province of Tokat between 01 December 2021 and 31 December 2021. The sample of the research consists of Tokat Gaziosmanpasa University students. The students were reached by sending an online survey to their corporate e-mails. The survey form consists of socio-demographic data and parts regarding knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 and vaccines. Results: Our study included 1053 participants. The mean age of the participants was 22.1±5.2, and 56.2% were female. The rate of having COVID-19 among the participants was 27.8%. Of the students, 94.5% were vaccinated with the COVID-19 vaccines. The average correct response rate of the participants about the disease was 79.1±15.2%. Although the high rate of knowledge regarding the effectiveness of protective attitudes, it was seen that the rate of wearing a mask was 70.2% and just 49.9% of participants always avoid crowded areas. Conclusion: The approaches of young people, who can be the source of transmission, regarding COVID-19 disease and vaccines are extremely effective in controlling the pandemic. © 2022, Eurasian Society of Family Medicine. All rights reserved.

9.
Journal of Urological Surgery ; 9(1):57-62, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1792137

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to present the impact of coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic on seeking treatment in patients with erectile dysfunction (ED) and compare the clinical characteristics, demographics, and laboratory analysis of patients with ED during and before the pandemic period. Materials and Methods: The clinical and demographic characteristics and laboratory analysis of patients with ED were compared between the time interval of March 9, 2020, to June 1, 2020, and the previous 3 months from the pandemics. The International Index of Erectile Function-5 questionnaire was used to assess ED and the results from two groups were compared. Results: A 76.4% decreased total number of outpatient clinics and a 70.9% decreased number of patients with ED was observed;however a significant increase was detected in the ratio of patients with ED to the total number of patients during the pandemic period (1.7% vs. 2.1%, p=0.008). The median age of patients was smaller in the pandemic period. Mild ED was significantly higher in the pandemic period and moderate ED was detected higher in the period before the pandemic. Conclusion: The admission rate of patients with ED has increased in the pandemic period. The patients presenting with ED during the pandemic period were younger, with milder ED symptoms.

10.
11.
Ankara Universitesi Eczacilik Fakultesi Dergisi ; 46(1):1-10, 2022.
Article in Turkish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1743198

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study is to measure the knowledge level of pharmacists working in Turkey about COVID-19 Material and Method: The online questionnaire consisting of 16 questions in the form of true-false, developed by the authors after a comprehensive review of the literature, was delivered to pharmacists via social media and professional platforms (such as WhatsApp, Gmail, Instagram, LinkedIn) using the Google form. 364 pharmacists from all over Turkey who filled out the questionnaire were included in the study. Result and Discussion: In this study carried out in Turkey, it was determined that 99.5% of the pharmacists had good knowledge. When the factors affecting the level of knowledge of COVID-19 were examined, in our study, no relationship was found with the independent variables since the level of knowledge was homogeneously high. In the literature, it is reported that age, years of professional experience, having a master's and doctorate education are associated with better knowledge, while the length of experience is associated with the level of knowledge, while in some studies it is stated that no feature is related. However, the fact that it is a cross-sectional study creates a limitation in explaining the cause-effect relationship. Although the number of participants met the sample, it would have been desirable to have more. © 2022 University of Ankara. All rights reserved.

12.
European Journal of Public Health ; 31:1, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1609918
13.
Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education ; 22(2):176-191, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1200387

ABSTRACT

In the pandemic period we are currently in, online education has replaced face-to-face learning activities on a global scale. Institutions that pursue online education programs commonly assume that online learners are ready for this mode of learning. However, online education programs attract attention due to their remarkably high drop-out rates. This begs the question as to why some students are more able to benefit from online education, and demands to reveal the underlying reasons for such a situation. In this regard, the present study explores students’ e-readiness for the changeover phase to online education, and how this differs in terms of a range of variables. 428 volunteer undergraduate students from 59 departments across 33 universities in Turkey were recruited to the study. The data collection tools consist of a personal information form and an online education readiness scale. The results indicate that university students’ readiness levels for online education were above medium level of the scale. As for the factors which determine online education readiness, it was found that university students have a high level of internet self-efficacy, yet their motivation towards online education is considerably low. In addition, their online education readiness differs significantly in terms of personal computer ownership, internet connection at home, major, and daily internet usage duration, gender, and online education experience, whereas no statistically significant difference was identified in terms of grade year at the university. A significant interaction between gender and online education experience was ascertained as well. © 2021, Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education. All Rights Reserved.

14.
Heart International ; 14(1):16-19, 2020.
Article in English | Wiley | ID: covidwho-1027578

ABSTRACT

Amongst the many challenges of the global pandemic, understanding the effects of coronavirus disease. 2019 (COVID-19) on the cardiovascular system has emerged as a key priority. Emerging, data indicate possible roles for carthac biomarkers and cardiac imaging in me prognostic assessment of these patients, as well as implications of the vascular endotheiium in the pathogenesis' of the condition. From a therapeutic perspective, early data suggest that the provision of well-established treatments for cardiovascular disease, whether with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or primary angioplasty, is likely to be beneficial. These early data are of limited quality however, and robust studies are needed to address many of the key remaining questions.

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