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1.
Turk Geriatri Dergisi ; 25(2):274-281, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1957657

ABSTRACT

Objective: Communication difficulties are considered the most significant consequence of hearing loss. This study aimed to determine whether surgical face masks, which have been mandatory throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, have an effect on speech comprehension scores in geriatric lip-reading patients with hearing loss and to raise awareness of the need for solutions to this problem. Materials and Method: Patients with moderate and higher sensorineural or mixed bilateral symmetrical hearing loss who stated that they lip-read to better understand during communication were included in the study. The patients’ speech comprehension scores were gathered while the audiologist wore a surgical mask and then a transparent mask, respectively. Results: Twelve (33,3%) of the patients were female, and 24 (66.7%) were male. The mean age of the patients was 66.64±1.53 years. The mean speech comprehension scores of the patients when the audiologist was wearing a surgical mask (38.25±14.33) and a transparent mask (67.81 ± 14.30), respectively, were compared. The surgical mask significantly affected speech comprehension scores, and the Cohen d value of the effect size was 2.06. As such, the surgical face mask had a great effect on these patients’ speech comprehension scores. Conclusions: In elderly lip-reading patients who suffer from hearing loss, seeing the lip movements of the speaker, especially in hospital applications, promotes more effective communication. Transparent face masks can be considered a solution.

2.
Gazi Akademik Bakis-Gazi Academic View ; 15(30):265-280, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1925186

ABSTRACT

Globalization is a term explaining the increasing connectivity and cross-border activity among nations in economic, business, trade, tourism, migration, and cultural activities. Globalization has been the most contentious concept that has been evaluated according to political biases and national interests. Therefore, this paper aims at analyzing globalization in context of conceptual evolution, dynamics and factors enlarging globalization, the evaluation of globalization and finally the reasons for the decline of globalization. Covid 19 pandemic and its interaction with globalization will also be scrutinized as well. The major outcome of the study sets forth that the actual evolution of globalization has taken place with capitalist progress. It has been a major force in the further progress of globalization Although we are in a declining process of globalization, it is clear that it will survive with humanity as long as human beings exist.

3.
Asthma Allergy Immunology ; 19(3):174-182, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1856522

ABSTRACT

Objective: The clinical features of COVID-19 range from asymptomatic disease to severe pneumonia or even death. Therefore, many researchers have investigated the factors that could affect the severity of COVID-19. We aimed to assess the impact of aero-allergen sensitization and allergic diseases on the severity of COVID-19. Materials and Methods: We included 60 adult patients with symptomatic COVID-19 and allocated them into two groups equal in number as having severe and non-severe COVID-19. We evaluated the demographic features and allergic diseases in addition to clinical, laboratory and radiological findings of COVID-19. Skin prick tests (SPTs) with common aero-allergens, serum total IgE levels and blood eosinophil counts were evaluated 3 months after the patient's recovery from COVID-19. Results: The mean age of the patients was 52 ± 11 years and 73.3% of the patients were male. There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of age, gender, smoking habits, obesity and comorbidities. Although the frequency of sensitization to aeroallergens and the allergic diseases were similar, the history of allergic diseases in the family was higher in the severe group (p<0.001). The polysensitization in SPTs was associated with the presence of a cytokine storm during the infection (p=0.02). Total IgE levels and blood eosinophil counts were not significantly different between the two groups. Conclusion: The presence of atopy or allergic diseases does not seem to be related to the severity of COVID-19. However, polysensitization and a family history of allergic diseases are more prominent in those having a cytokine storm and severe COVID-19, respectively.

4.
Flora Infeksiyon Hastaliklari Ve Klinik Mikrobiyoloji Dergisi ; 27(1):142-150, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1856144

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Although Phase III trial results of many COVID-19 vaccines were reported, the literature regarding community results is inadequate for Corona Vac. This study aims to evaluate the experience gained during the vaccination process among health care workers (HCWs), the measured antibody responses and the factors affecting the response. These findings will contribute to the literature in this field. Materials and Methods: Anti-SARS-CoV-2 (anti-spike) antibodies were measured by ELISA in blood samples taken at least 28 days (28-32) after the second CoronaVac among 264 HCWs vaccinated twice with an interval of 28 days. Information from individuals was collected with an online participation form. Results: A total of 264 HCWs (166 females (63%), 98 males (37%) whose ages werebetween 23-69 (mean 44.22 +/- 11.58) were included independent of their COVID-19 history in the study. After vaccination, 2211CWs (8.3%) were unresponsive, 25 (9.5%) HCWs among responders had a weak antibody response, and 217 (82.2%) had afull antibody response according to the test kit manufacturer. For HCWs with and without a COVID-19 infection history, the full antibody response rates were 91.7% and 77.5%, respectively. The antibody titres tended to be lower in HCWs with no prior COVID-19 infection (p= 0.046). In our study, antibody response was found to be significantly lower in males (p= 0.043). There was a significant decrease in antibody response with advancing age (p= 0.002 Chi-square test, p= 0.030 Spearman coefficient), and the difference was highly significant (p= 0.017) above the age of 60. Conclusion: In this study, it was determined that 91.7% of healthcare workers (weak in 9.5% and full in 82.2%) developed anti-spike antibodies with CoronaVac. It was determined that the factors affecting the development of antibodies were gender, age, and the state of having COVID-19.

5.
Istanbul Universitesi Sosyoloji Dergisi-Istanbul University Journal of Sociology ; 41(2):199-220, 2021.
Article in Turkish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1812012

ABSTRACT

This article argues that a clear correlation exists between disease and the prevailing social functioning. In this respect, every disease can be seen as a metaphor for the age and society in which it emerges. In other words, every period carries a form of disease that bears traces of the dominant lifestyle. This study approaches the epidemic as a kind of sociological projection in the context of studying modern culture and continues the discussion along the lines critically opened by Susan Sontag (2005). lust as Sontag examined disease as a metaphor, this article debates the discourses on masks, social distancing, and hygiene within the scope of COVID-19 along a specific sociological axis around the concepts of speed, control, information, hyper-medicalization, and death as the dominant indicators of contemporary culture. For this purpose, the study seeks answers to the following questions through the leading social theorists of the field such as Bauman, Baudrillard, Turner, Furedi and Chul-Han: How does the global epidemic and the current health discourse embodied in it appear within the sociological context? What thoughts and tendencies emerge when examining the pandemic portrait as a social metaphor? For example, what kind of relationship exists between hygiene and cultural fears;among distance, social isolation, and avoidance;and between masks and the superficial idea of death concealed behind quantification? Undoubtedly, the pandemic is a critical breaking point in the history of modern medicine and has forced not only global health practices but also many value judgments to both paradoxically be accepted and questioned.

6.
2021 Hamburg International Conference of Logistics: Advanced Manufacturing|Industry 4.0|Artificial Intelligence|Blockchain|Business Analytics|Innovation Management|Technology Management|Supply Chain Risk Management|Security Management, HICL 2021 ; 31:771-798, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1787141

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The world is going through unprecedented times since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. Billions of people will be vaccinated in the next few years. This mass vaccination effort requires setting up complex cold chain organizations and meticulous coordination of distribution networks. Keeping coronavirus vaccines at appropriate temperatures during the distribution process is not easy;however, it is one of the key factors battling against COVID-19. The purpose of this paper is to discuss and identify the essential logistics capabilities of cold storage and logistics service providers during the COVID-19 vaccine distribution. Methodology: First, we identify the prominent risks that cold chain distributors encounter during vaccine transportation by conducting an in-depth literature review and an interview with the vice president of one of the largest air cargo companies in the world. Then we discuss logistics capabilities for the mitigation of these risks. Finally, we explore the Turkish Cargo's cold chain footprint enlargement strategy during the pandemic. Findings: Cold chain logistics requires special attention to specific capabilities due to the nature of the cargoes being transported. On-time delivery time, special storage and transport equipment, and process monitoring ability are among the core capabilities for cold chain logistics service providers. Ensuring the reliable and effective distribution of temperature-sensitive vaccines is crucial since millions of lives depend on them. Originality: This study is one of the first papers investigating the cold chain capabilities of air cargo distributors during the COVID-19 pandemic. © 2021 Proceedings of the Hamburg International Conference of Logistics. All rights reserved.

7.
2021 Hamburg International Conference of Logistics: Advanced Manufacturing|Industry 4.0|Artificial Intelligence|Blockchain|Business Analytics|Innovation Management|Technology Management|Supply Chain Risk Management|Security Management, HICL 2021 ; 31:801-823, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1787140

ABSTRACT

Purpose: COVID-19 caused a highly uncertain environment and introduced a radical change in the airline industry. In that time, idle capacity due to drastic decline in passenger traffic, change in travel rules, and increases in air cargo demand have emerged as the main challenges. Effective responses to these issues became a fundamental requirement for airlines' survival and sustainability of supply chains. Organizational flexibility plays a vital role in dealing with those situations. Flexibility allows airline companies to adapt to changing environmental conditions and take advantage of opportunities. This study aims to explain the strategies of airline companies in Turkey to the COVID-19 crisis based on organizational flexibility. Methodology: This study is structured on the qualitative research method. We interviewed five experts and compiled information by reviewing various publications on COVID-19. We analyzed obtained information within the framework of organizational flexibility. Findings: The results indicated that airlines mitigate the effects of COVID-19, mostly through protective and exploitative maneuvers of organizational flexibility. Airlines focus more on cost reduction and saving strategies as protective maneuvers, while exploitative maneuvers focus more on the cargo market. Originality: This study is novel in that it examined airlines' responses to COVID-19 within the framework of organizational flexibility. © 2021 Proceedings of the Hamburg International Conference of Logistics. All rights reserved.

8.
Contemporary Educational Technology ; 14(2), 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1754218

ABSTRACT

Due to a lack of preparation, teachers were not emotionally or cognitively prepared to use new approaches. Teachers discovered that while teaching online, elementary school teachers face various challenges. Summarizing and categorizing the difficulties encountered by primary school teachers in compulsory distance education will add to the literature, ensuring the dissemination of online instruction technological tools at both the distance education and primary education levels. The study sought to categorize the difficulties encountered by primary teachers. In order to figure out the purpose of the study, the study data including primary teachers in the COVID-19 period was synthesized. The study was accepted as a meta-synthesis. The education database ERIC was searched using the keywords “Primary Teacher”, “Distance Education”, and “Online Education”;and 79 studies were located as a result of the search. After eliminating ineligible studies, 23 of the 79 collected studies remained. As a result, students, parents, infrastructure, and teachers are all affected by the challenges. Cutting-edge technologies and a strong internet infrastructure are required for online education. Teachers are unable to maintain the minimum level of compulsory distance education due to limited internet connection and a lack of technological resources in many places. As a result of the strain, teachers felt inadequate. In many classrooms in poor countries, there is a lack of access to professional expertise and help for the use and integration of ICTs. COVID-19 has made this an issue for almost all schools, not just those in underdeveloped countries. The importance of online learning for elementary children and teachers has gotten considerably less attention. Teachers can take pedagogical diversity professional development training online and experience it as if they were students. The practical advantage of identifying the difficulties that teachers have faced is to aid teachers in overcoming such obstacles and to give the appropriate assistance. Successful distance education can only be achieved when teachers are supported in all areas of difficulty. © 2022 by the authors.

9.
European Journal of Immunology ; 51:362-362, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1716882
10.
Klinik Psikiyatri Dergisi-Turkish Journal of Clinical Psychiatry ; 24(4):537-546, 2021.
Article in Turkish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1710549

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aims to follow the fluctuations in affective responses to COVID-19 such as anxiety, stress, anger, and fear of the community parallel to the changes in the regulations and the course of the pandemic. Method: In a serial cross-sectional study, online data were collected on COVID-19-related anxiety, stress, anger, and fear. 5474 participants, who were aged between 18-73 and residing in different regions of Turkey, are included in the analyses. Emotional fluctuations across five waves were analyzed with four separate one-way ANOVAs for all emotions. Results: Statistically significant differences were observed between waves in terms of COVID-19 related anxiety, stress, anger, and fear (p < .05). As all emotions tended to increase up until the third wave, where all emotions tended to decrease except anger after the third wave. Discussion: Changes in the contextual factors, such as managing the pandemic, uncertainty, and vaccination, emerge as stressors and create an atmosphere of fear and worry, and affect individuals emotionally. Consequently, psychological problems such as mood and anxiety disorders may increase in the coming years.

11.
Klinik Psikiyatri Dergisi ; 24(4):537-546, 2021.
Article in Turkish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1626133

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aims to follow the fluctuations in affective responses to COVID-19 such as anxiety, stress, anger, and fear of the community parallel to the changes in the regulations and the course of the pandemic. Method: In a serial cross-sectional study, online data were collected on COVID-19-related anxiety, stress, anger, and fear. 5474 participants, who were aged between 18-73 and residing in different regions of Turkey, are included in the analyses. Emotional fluctuations across five waves were analyzed with four separate one-way ANOVAs for all emotions. Results: Statistically significant differences were observed between waves in terms of COVID-19 related anxiety, stress, anger, and fear (p <.05). As all emotions tended to increase up until the third wave, where all emotions tended to decrease except anger after the third wave. Discussion: Changes in the contextual factors, such as managing the pandemic, uncertainty, and vaccination, emerge as stressors and create an atmosphere of fear and worry, and affect individuals emotionally. Consequently, psychological problems such as mood and anxiety disorders may increase in the coming years. © 2021 ANP Publishing. All rights reserved.

12.
Eur. J. Ther. ; 27(3):230-234, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1459514

ABSTRACT

Objective: Elective operations had to be postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic that emerged in the last quarter of 2019 and affected the whole world in a short time. However, for emergencies such as myocardial infarction (MI), unfortunately, this is not possible. We aimed to evaluate the management of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: One hundred and eleven consecutive patients with STEMI between April 2020 and May 2020 and 149 patients with STEMI 1 year before the pandemic in the same period were included in the study. Groups were compared in terms of the treatments applied, pre-post-dilatation, duration of the procedure, hospitalization, and the primary end-point. Death due to MI or complications of MI was the primary end-point. Results: The mean age of the patients was 59.7 +/- 123 (n = 195 [75%] male). The two groups were similar in terms of gender, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, smoking, and laboratory results. Although the median duration of the door balloon in the pandemic was similar (39 and 37 minutes, respectively;P = .342), the procedure times were shorter, the mean total hospitalization times were longer, and the differences were statistically significant (P = .022 and <.001, respectively). In the study group, 68 patients had pre-dilatation and 30 had post-dilatation during the procedure. The two groups were similar in terms of the primary end-point (P = .196). Conclusion: Percutaneous intervention should be the routine procedure to STEMI patients during the pandemic period, despite the positive possibility of COVID-19 and the risk of transmission.

13.
Haseki Tip Bulteni ; 59:31-35, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1339677

ABSTRACT

Aim: The Coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic has effects on the healthcare system, as well as on the care of child burns. In our study, we aimed to compare the numbers and demographic data of patients who were treated and followed up during the pandemic period in our burn intensive care center with the data of patients in the same period one year prior. Methods: The patients who were admitted to our tertiary pediatric burn center were divided into two groups: pandemic period (March 10-September 30, 2020) and pre-pandemic period (March 10-September 30, 2019). The groups were compared in terms of age, gender, city of origin, means of transport to the hospital, total burn surface area, burn etiology, duration of hospitalization, intubation status, and mortality from their medical records. Results: In the pandemic period group, 414 children were admitted to the pediatric burn unit and 126 (30.4%) were hospitalized;however, in the pre-pandemic period group, 728 children were admitted to the pediatric burn unit and 98 (13.4%) were hospitalized (p<0.01). The average total burn surface area was s higher in the pre-pandemic group (16.31%) than in the pandemic group (12.29%). The intubated patient rate in the pandemic group (17.34%) was higher than the pre-pandemic group patients (p=0.005). The mortality rate was 3.1% in the pandemic group and 5.1% in the pre-pandemic group. Conclusion: The rate of hospitalization to burn centers has increased in the pandemic period. However, patients in the pandemic period were mild cases compared to the pre-pandemic period.

14.
Medical Journal of Bakirkoy ; 17(1):64-71, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1308513

ABSTRACT

Objective: We aimed to evaluate the demographic, epidemiological, and clinical characteristics of children with coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19), and to determine variations of the clinical presentation of the disease by age. Method: A total of 104 confirmed COVID-19 patients aged between 0-18 years were retrospectively analyzed. The study period was between March 15, 2020 and July 1, 2020. A confirmed COVID-19 was defined as a child who has positive real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR). The patients were analyzed in terms of demographic, epidemiological, clinical, laboratory and imaging features, and clinical outcomes. Results: The median age (inter-quartile range) of the patients was 11.8 (8.4) years, and 53 (51%) were male. Ninety-eight (94%) of the patients had an epidemiological risk factor. The most frequent symptoms were cough (62%), fever (42%), and fatigue (33%). Seven patients (7%) were asymptomatic, 84 (81%) were mild, 9 (9%) were moderate, and 4 (4%) were in severe or critical condition. Ninety-eight (94%) of the patients underwent a chest x-ray, and 12% had pneumonia. The patients younger than 5 years were more likely to have fever (p = 0.019), rhinorrhea (p = 0.041), and diarrhea (p = 0.035). Muscle/join pain (26%), loss of smell/taste (20%), and headache (19%) were striking extrapulmonary symptoms in older patients. Only 8% of the patients were hospitalized, and 4% were admitted to the intensive care unit. No death occurred. Conclusion: The most of the pediatric COVID-19 cases have mild symptoms without pneumonia. They may not present with fever or cough which are considered characteristic symptoms of the disease and the frequency of signs and symptoms may vary by age. Children younger than 5 years old are more likely to have fever, rhinorrhea, and diarrhea. School-age children and adolescents may present with extrapulmonary symptoms such as muscle/join pain, smell/taste loss, and headache.

15.
Turkish Journal of Pediatric Disease ; 15(2):155-161, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1289248

ABSTRACT

Objective: We aimed to investigate whether there is an increase in the number of complicated appendicitis during pandemic period. Material and Methods: Data of patients were evaluated retrospectively. Patients were divided into two-groups as pre-pandemic and pandemic. Age, gender, duration after the onset of complaints until visiting hospital, WBC count, days after presentation to hospital until surgery, surgical method, whether the appendix was complicated, duration of hospitalization, whether any complications developed, and results of PCR tests were evaluated. The data of the groups were compared and it was investigated whether there was any difference between them. Statistical analysis was done with the SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) version 21. P 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Appendectomy was performed in 327 patients during pandemic and in 295 during pre-pandemic period. Although the ratio of complicated appendicitis increased during pandemic compared to pre-pandemic period (47.1% versus 40.7%), there was no difference between groups. However, duration between onset of symptoms and arrival at hospital (p=0.003), time elapsed before surgery (p=0.021), length-of-stay in hospital (p=0.009), and developed complications (p=0.01) were higher in pandemic group. Conclusion: Comparing prepandemic, although there was no statistically significant difference during the pandemic period, there was an increase in complicated appendicitis and related complications. It was attributed to late arrival at hospitals due to curfews, parental fear of disease transmission, and prolonged duration of screening tests in the emergency departments.

17.
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences ; 10(4):168-177, 2020.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1200303

ABSTRACT

Objective: Behcet's disease (BD) is an episodic and chronic multisystemic disease. Many comorbid psychiatric disorders are frequently encountered in BD. In addition, it is reported that individuals with chronic diseases during the epidemic period are at risk for COVID-19 infection. Therefore, these situations may cause anxiety levels to increase and coping strategies to decrease overall psychological conditions in patients with BD. However, individuals with both psychiatric complaints and comorbid inflammatory and chronic diseases such as BD are more prone to this stressful situation than healthy individuals. In the current study, we aimed to determine whether patients with Behcet's Disease (BD) are psychologically more sensitive than healthy individuals and whether disease severity increase with the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: One hundred and fifty-six patients with BD and 156 healthy volunteers were included in the study. All participants received Perceived COVID-19 Threat Form (PCTF), Suicide-Ideation Scale (SIS), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), The Ability to Cope with Trauma (PACT), well-being index (PGWB) scales. Results: When the responses of the patient with BD and control groups to the psychiatric evaluation scales were examined;the mean scores of PCTF (p <0.001), SIS (p<0.001), HADS-depression (p<0.001) and HADS-anxiety (p<0.001) in patients with BD were significantly higher than the control group. Mean scores of PGWB (p<0.001) and PACT (p= 0.042) in the patient group were found to be lower. In the relationship analysis, BSAS scores were associated with PCTF scores (r=0.20, p=0.013), and PGWB scores were associated with PACT scores (r=0.53, p=0.001). Conclusion: COVID-19 pandemic affects the mental health of both male and female patients with BD significantly. In patients with BD, while disease severity was associated with the perceived COVID threat, psychological well-being was associated with existing psychiatric complaints and patients' ability to cope with trauma. The findings of our study support that patients with BD may need more psychological support than ever during the COVID-19 pandemic.

18.
Mult Scler Relat Disord ; 52: 102968, 2021 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1188913

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The pandemic of the new type of corona virus infection 2019 [Covid-19] also affect people with Multiple Sclerosis (pwMS). Currently, the accumulating information on the effects of the infection regarding the demographic and clinical characteristics of the disease, as well as outcomes within different DMTs¸ enable us to have better practices on the management of the Covid-19 infection in pwMS. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) and to reveal the relationship between the demographic-clinical and therapeutic features and the outcome of Covid-19 infection in a multi-center national cohort of pwMS. METHODS: The Turkish Neurological Society-MS Study Group in association with the Italian MuSC-19 Study Group initiated this study. A web-based electronic Case Report Form (eCRF) of Study-MuSC-19 were used to collect the data. The demographic data and MS histories of the patients were obtained from the file tracking forms of the relevant clinics. RESULTS: 309 MS patients with confirmed Covid-19 infection were included in this study. Two hundred nineteen (219) were females (70.9%). The mean age was 36.9, ranging from 18 to 66, 194 of them (62.8%) were under 40. The clinical phenotype was relapsing-remitting in 277 (89.6%) and progressive in 32 (10.4%). Disease duration ranged from 0.2 years to 31.4 years. The median EDSS was 1.5, ranging from 0 to 8.5. The EDSS score was<= 1 in 134 (43%) of the patients. 91.6% of the patients were on a DMT, Fingolimod was the most frequently used drug (22.0%), followed by Interferon (20.1%). The comorbidity rate is 11.7%. We were not able to detect any significant association of DMTs with Covid-19 severity. CONCLUSION: The Turkish MS-Covid-19 cohort had confirmed that pwMS are not at risk of having a more severe COVID-19 outcome irrespective of the DMT that they are treated. In addition, due to being a younger population with less comorbidities most had a mild disease further highlight that the only associated risk factors for having a moderate to severe COVID-19 course are similar with the general population such as having comorbid conditions and being older.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Multiple Sclerosis , Adult , Cohort Studies , Female , Fingolimod Hydrochloride , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
19.
Konuralp Tip Dergisi ; 13(1):160-167, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1173083

ABSTRACT

The SARS-CoV-2 or COVID-19 disease, which has spread rapidly since its first appearance and caused pandemic, has become more dangerous day by day, and by infecting large masses caused the death of many people. The numbers of cases and deaths reaching dangerous levels globally have pushed scientists to get to know this infection more closely and to investigate preventive and therapeutic methods. At this point, scientists have discovered, based on past infectious disease researches, that some individuals are more susceptible to certain infections. Importantly, in the light of this information, it has been determined that there is a relationship between infectious diseases and blood groups, and individuals with certain blood groups are more susceptible to these infectious diseases. The obtained data suggested that there may be a relationship between blood groups and SARS-CoV-2, and research has been shifted in this direction in order to quickly determine susceptibility to the disease. Indeed, relationships between SARS-CoV-2 patients' blood groups, from hospitals in China, US, Italy, Spain and Turkey, and caught this infectious were investigated. It has been demonstrated that blood groups have an effect on getting this disease. With the discovery of this relationship, it has been revealed in studies that A, B, AB and O blood groups can be a potential biomarker in determining the sensitivity to COVID-19 infection. Studies have determined that individuals with blood type A have an increased sensitivity to COVID-19, and individuals with blood type O have a decreased sensitivity to it. It is thought that the reason for the decreased sensitivity to COVID-19 in individuals with that blood group, and the increased sensitivity seen in individuals with blood group A is due to the antibody A in the blood. This antibody can inhibit virus-cell adhesion in individuals with antibody A. Therefore, it is very important for individuals with blood group A, who do not carry this antibody in their blood, to use personal protective equipment to protect themselves from COVID-19. The purpose of this review is to bring together studies that reveal the relationship between COVID-19 and blood types.

20.
Cocuk Enfeksiyon Dergisi ; 14(4):e175-e180, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1110626

ABSTRACT

Objective: In the early stages of any epidemic caused by new emerging pathogens healthcare personnel is subject to a great risk. Pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2, proved to be no exception. Many healthcare workers died in the early stages of pandemic due to inadequate precautions and insufficient protection. It is essential to protect and maintain the safety of healthcare personnel for the confinement of pandemic as well as continuity of qualified healthcare services which is already under strain. Educating healthcare personnel on appropiate use of personal protective equipment (PPE) is as essential as procuring them. Material and Methods: A survey is conducted on 4927 healthcare personnel working solely with pediatric patients from 32 different centers. Education given on PPE usage were questioned and analyzed depending on age, sex, occupation and region. Results: Among four thousand nine hundred twelve healthcare personnel from 32 different centers 91% (n= 4457) received education on PPE usage. Of those who received education only 36% was given both theoretical and applied education. Although there was no differences among different occupation groups, receiving education depended on regions. Conclusion: It is essential to educate healthcare personnel appropiately nationwidely for the continuity of qualified healthcare services during the pandemic.

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