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1.
J Autoimmun ; 128: 102812, 2022 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1712743

ABSTRACT

The largest world-wide vaccination rollout ever is currently underway to tackle the covid-19 pandemic. We report a case of diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (SSc) in a 70-year-old male with rapidly progressive skin thickening which developed two weeks after receiving the first dose of the ChAdOx1 nCOV-19 vaccine. As the onset of SSc skin was in close temporal proximity to the administration of the first dose vaccine with no other triggers, we suspected a possible adverse reaction to the ChAdOx1 nCOV-19 vaccine. We hypothesise that the recombinant adenoviral vector encoding the spike protein antigen of SARS-CoV-2 triggered an unexpected immune activation resulting in an atypical presentation of late-onset SSc, within the well-recognised ANA positive, ENA negative subgroup of patients.We review the possible mechanisms underlying autoimmunity when provoked by vaccination and other published rheumatological phenomenon occurring shortly after COVID vaccination.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Scleroderma, Diffuse , Aged , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Humans , Male , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Scleroderma, Diffuse/etiology , Vaccination/adverse effects
3.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 61(4): 1600-1609, 2022 Apr 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1328934

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the main CT features that may help in distinguishing a progression of interstitial lung disease (ILD) secondary to SSc from COVID-19 pneumonia. METHODS: This multicentric study included 22 international readers grouped into a radiologist group (RADs) and a non-radiologist group (nRADs). A total of 99 patients, 52 with COVID-19 and 47 with SSc-ILD, were included in the study. RESULTS: Fibrosis inside focal ground-glass opacities (GGOs) in the upper lobes; fibrosis in the lower lobe GGOs; reticulations in lower lobes (especially if bilateral and symmetrical or associated with signs of fibrosis) were the CT features most frequently associated with SSc-ILD. The CT features most frequently associated with COVID- 19 pneumonia were: consolidation (CONS) in the lower lobes, CONS with peripheral (both central/peripheral or patchy distributions), anterior and posterior CONS and rounded-shaped GGOs in the lower lobes. After multivariate analysis, the presence of CONs in the lower lobes (P < 0.0001) and signs of fibrosis in GGOs in the lower lobes (P < 0.0001) remained independently associated with COVID-19 pneumonia and SSc-ILD, respectively. A predictive score was created that was positively associated with COVID-19 diagnosis (96.1% sensitivity and 83.3% specificity). CONCLUSION: CT diagnosis differentiating between COVID-19 pneumonia and SSc-ILD is possible through a combination of the proposed score and radiologic expertise. The presence of consolidation in the lower lobes may suggest COVID-19 pneumonia, while the presence of fibrosis inside GGOs may indicate SSc-ILD.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Scleroderma, Systemic , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , COVID-19 Testing , Fibrosis , Humans , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Lung/pathology , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/complications , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/etiology , Scleroderma, Systemic/complications , Scleroderma, Systemic/diagnostic imaging , Scleroderma, Systemic/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
6.
J Scleroderma Relat Disord ; 6(1): 58-65, 2021 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-873906

ABSTRACT

COVID-19, caused by infection of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, has caused a pandemic of enormous impact that has challenged healthcare and political system throughout the world. This new health emergency has occurred on top of the usual burden of diseases, including systemic sclerosis, and has led to many unanticipated consequences. An early consequence of the pandemic was postponement of the Sixth Systemic Sclerosis World Congress that was recently completed as a successful virtual congress with more than 1000 delegates. In this article, we summarise the relevance and impact of COVID-19 from the perspective of systemic sclerosis. Shared concepts of pathogenesis are considered, and the relevant literature emerging about COVID-19 and systemic sclerosis summarised. The specific impact of this pandemic on delivery of optimal scleroderma care is considered, together with the broader effect on rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases and the activities of European League Against Rheumatism. As the World continues to struggle against this new infectious disease, it is notable that expertise and growing understanding of systemic sclerosis has been able to help tackle COVID-19. Moreover, the essential adjustments to deliver clinical care and establishment of new ways of working due to the pandemic have offered potential avenues for future improvement in systemic sclerosis care.

7.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(6): 724-726, 2020 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-155085

ABSTRACT

Due to the frequent presence of interstitial lung disease and widespread use of immunosuppressive treatment, systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients may be considered at risk for a more severe disease course and higher mortality when they develop Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome - Coronavirus - 2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus infection. Therefore, with World Scleroderma Foundation endorsement, experts from different specialties including rheumatology, virology and clinical immunology gathered virtually to answer to the main practical clinical questions regarding SARS-CoV-2 infection coming from both patients and physicians. This preliminary advice is aligned with other national and international recommendations, adapted for SSc patients.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/physiopathology , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Pneumonia, Viral/physiopathology , Scleroderma, Systemic/therapy , Scleroderma, Systemic/virology , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/therapeutic use , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents/administration & dosage , Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/immunology , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/virology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/drug therapy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/virology , SARS-CoV-2 , Scleroderma, Systemic/epidemiology , Scleroderma, Systemic/immunology
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