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1.
Iatreia ; 35(4):414-423, 2022.
Article in Spanish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067412

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the clinical presentation and factors associated with anosmia and ageusia in patients with COVID-19 in a health center in a province of Peru for the period 2020-2021. Method(s): Cross-sectional analytical study through data from the COVID-19 program of the Essalud Po-lyclinic in Jauja, Peru. Sociodemographic characte-ristics, symptoms and comorbidities of the patients were detailed. A bivariate analysis identified the factors associated with anosmia and ageusia. Result(s): 356 patients were identified: 53.1 % were wo-men, mean age was 48.7 years (+/-17.8) and 261 (73.3%) with mild COVID-19. Of the total, 22.2% had anosmia and 19.9% ageusia;of which the majority were un-der 65 and female. Associated symptoms were found in 86.1% of patients with anosmia and 83.1% with ageusia. The main factors associated with anosmia were age younger than 65 years (p=0.027), cough (p<0.001), headache (p<0.001), dyspnea (p<0.001), nasal congestion (p<0.001) and fever (p<0.001);and ageusia: age younger than 65 years (p=0.006), cough (p=0.001), headache (p<0.001), dyspnea (p<0.001), nasal congestion (p<0.001) and diarrhea (p<0.001). Conclusion(s): Anosmia and ageusia are common symptoms of COVID-19. Most patients had these symptoms associated with common symptoms. Many of those who had anosmia had nasal congestion, so it is advisable to consider differentiating them when making the diagnosis. Copyright © 2022, Universidad de Antioquia. All rights reserved.

2.
Revista Cubana de Informacion en Ciencias de la Salud ; 33, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1989489

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has generated a global health crisis;mental health has been one of the most affected. The objective of this research was to determine the relationship between the number of new cases and daily deaths from COVID-19, as well as Internet search trends on mental health concerns in Latin America. Google Trends was used to determine the relative volume of searches. Regarding the number of new cases and daily deaths from COVID-19, the figures were obtained from the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) dashboard, prepared by the World Health Organization. The evaluation period was from 12/01/2019 to 01/31/2021. The Pearson correlation coefficient with significance level of p < 0.05 was used to obtain the correlation between quantitative variables. The most searched terms in the selected countries were «anxiety» and «unemployment». The correlation analysis showed that the relative search volume of the evaluated terms had slight to moderate correlation with the number of confirmed cases and daily deaths from COVID-19. Slight to moderate correlation was found between the relative search volume of the evaluated terms and the total number of confirmed cases and deaths per day due to COVID-19. © 2022, Centro Nacional de Informacion de Ciencias Medicas. All rights reserved.

3.
Coronavirus Infections ; 2022(Horizonte Medico)
Article in Spanish | 01 Jul | ID: covidwho-2091408

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the factors associated with COVID-19 vaccination in medical students from Universidad Peruana Los Andes. Material(s) and Method(s): An observational, analytical and cross-sectional study. A total of 243 second- to tenth-academic term students completed a questionnaire about sociodemographic and academic characteristics, family and personal medical history, and the number of COVID-19 vaccine doses received. To determine the association, chi-square test and Student's t-test were used. Result(s): Vaccination coverage was 98.77 %, out of which 61.73 % had three doses. In addition, 46.50 % of the students reported having been infected with COVID-19 at least once. The bivariate analysis showed that age (p = 0.047) and place of residence (p = 0.042) were significantly associated with the vaccination status. Conclusion(s): Although vaccination coverage was very high, it should be noted that a great number of students did not receive booster doses. The associated factors were age and place of residence. It is recommended to encourage vaccination in students due to the proximity of the return to in-person classes and its influence on public opinion. Copyright © La revista. Publicado por la Universidad de San Martin de Porres, Peru.

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