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Ann Epidemiol ; 58: 124-127, 2021 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1152246


The COVID-19 pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus has led to substantial morbidity and mortality world-wide. Evidence suggests that ethnic and racial minorities have been disproportionately affected in the United States, particularly within major population centers. In this study, we evaluated the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic in Cook County, Illinois, and found that the rate of years of potential life lost (YPLL) was 4.8 times greater in the most affected racial group (YPLL: 2289/100,000 population in Hispanic people) than in the least affected group (YPLL: 480/100,000 population in Asian people).

COVID-19 , Humans , Illinois/epidemiology , Life Expectancy , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , United States
Pan Afr Med J ; 37(Suppl 1): 17, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-994231


Although prisoners are considered a vulnerable population, no data repository currently exists to monitor the COVID-19 incidence in Nigerian prisons. To better understand the impact of COVID-19 within the Nigerian prison system, prisons should develop detailed COVID-19 response protocols, implement enhanced point-of-care testing, and initiate contact tracing with meticulous data collection.

COVID-19 Testing , COVID-19/epidemiology , Prisoners/statistics & numerical data , Prisons/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/diagnosis , Contact Tracing , Humans , Nigeria , Point-of-Care Systems , Vulnerable Populations
Am J Infect Control ; 49(6): 852-854, 2021 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-893420


We describe the use of video technology to enhance case interviews, identify COVID-19 contacts, and determine exposures risk within a large juvenile temporary detention center. We created a COVID-19 outbreak management protocol which included the formation of an outbreak management team and enhanced infection control practices using video surveillance. Currently, our institution's positivity rate remains low for both staff and residents largely because of the outbreak management team. Video technology combined with enhanced infection control practices can be a useful technique to reduce COVID-19 infections in custodial settings.

COVID-19 , Contact Tracing , Cost of Illness , Humans , Infection Control , SARS-CoV-2 , Technology