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1.
Global Health ; 19(1): 25, 2023 04 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2293445

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Identifying common factors that affect public adherence to COVID-19 containment measures can directly inform the development of official public health communication strategies. The present international longitudinal study aimed to examine whether prosociality, together with other theoretically derived motivating factors (self-efficacy, perceived susceptibility and severity of COVID-19, perceived social support) predict the change in adherence to COVID-19 containment strategies. METHOD: In wave 1 of data collection, adults from eight geographical regions completed online surveys beginning in April 2020, and wave 2 began in June and ended in September 2020. Hypothesized predictors included prosociality, self-efficacy in following COVID-19 containment measures, perceived susceptibility to COVID-19, perceived severity of COVID-19 and perceived social support. Baseline covariates included age, sex, history of COVID-19 infection and geographical regions. Participants who reported adhering to specific containment measures, including physical distancing, avoidance of non-essential travel and hand hygiene, were classified as adherence. The dependent variable was the category of adherence, which was constructed based on changes in adherence across the survey period and included four categories: non-adherence, less adherence, greater adherence and sustained adherence (which was designated as the reference category). RESULTS: In total, 2189 adult participants (82% female, 57.2% aged 31-59 years) from East Asia (217 [9.7%]), West Asia (246 [11.2%]), North and South America (131 [6.0%]), Northern Europe (600 [27.4%]), Western Europe (322 [14.7%]), Southern Europe (433 [19.8%]), Eastern Europe (148 [6.8%]) and other regions (96 [4.4%]) were analyzed. Adjusted multinomial logistic regression analyses showed that prosociality, self-efficacy, perceived susceptibility and severity of COVID-19 were significant factors affecting adherence. Participants with greater self-efficacy at wave 1 were less likely to become non-adherence at wave 2 by 26% (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 0.74; 95% CI, 0.71 to 0.77; P < .001), while those with greater prosociality at wave 1 were less likely to become less adherence at wave 2 by 23% (aOR, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.75 to 0.79; P = .04). CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence that in addition to emphasizing the potential severity of COVID-19 and the potential susceptibility to contact with the virus, fostering self-efficacy in following containment strategies and prosociality appears to be a viable public health education or communication strategy to combat COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Adult , Humans , Female , Male , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2 , Pandemics/prevention & control , Longitudinal Studies , Europe , Surveys and Questionnaires
2.
Rev Salud Publica (Bogota) ; 22(2): 164-168, 2020 03 01.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2305228

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the psychological, social and family dimensions of a health professional quarantined by COVID-19. METHOD: Case report. A matrix was used as a daily log to collect information from the three dimensions analyzed. The anonymity of the person was respected at all times. RESULTS: A case study is presented with the main milestones in the daily life of a health professional during the 14 days of quarantine. In the psychological dimension, feelings of fear and uncertainty in the face of risk are highlighted, in the social dimension the importance of the accompaniment of family and friends who strengthened the adaptability to the process stands out, and in the family dimension the relevance of affective bonds and permanent communication. CONCLUSION: The aspects developed in the different dimensions should be considered by those who participate in the management and follow-up of cases in primary care, as they are the possibility of strengthening the neuronal and hormonal mechanism through family and social support. Being a health professional and having knowledge on the subject can generate a greater effect of involuntary isolation related to the risk of COVID-19. This is not only clinical, but also psychological, social and family. In this sense those who manage the cases should consider the integrality in health conditions.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Quarantine/psychology , Social Support , Health Personnel
3.
Rev. Salud Publica ; 2(22): 1-5, 20200301.
Article | WHO COVID, ELSEVIER | ID: covidwho-2236615

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the psychological, social and family dimensions of a health professional quarantined by COVID-19. Method Case report. A matrix was used as a daily log to collect information from the three dimensions analyzed. The anonymity of the person was respected at all times. Results A case study is presented with the main milestones in the daily life of a health professional during the 14 days of quarantine. In the psychological dimension, fee-lings of fear and uncertainty in the face of risk are highlighted, in the social dimension the importance of the accompaniment of family and friends who strengthened the adaptability to the process stands out, and in the family dimension the relevance of affective bonds and permanent communication. Conclusion The aspects developed in the different dimensions should be considered by those who participate in the management and follow-up of cases in primary care, as they are the possibility of strengthening the neuronal and hormonal mechanism through family and social support. Being a health professional and having knowledge on the subject can generate a greater effect of involuntary isolation related to the risk of COVID-19. This is not only clinical, but also psychological, social and family. In this sense those who manage the cases should consider the integrality in health conditions.

4.
Contemporary Social Science ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2187724

ABSTRACT

In China, due to the large-scale lockdowns and strict prevention policies of COVID-19, Chinese tennis coaches have started to open a new front of their career by offering online tennis training on social media platforms. This study introduces mediatisation theory as a theoretical framework to investigate the mediatisation process of tennis coaching on social media platforms in China. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected to analyse three dimensions of Chinese tennis coaches' professional and living conditions: the career trajectory of tennis coaches, the mediatisation of the profession of tennis coaching, and the financial crisis faced by tennis clubs and the tennis industry. We monitored the BiliBili channels of the most popular tennis vloggers on BiliBili and analysed their media practices. We also collected data from job search websites and conducted in-depth interviews with 30 Chinese tennis coaches. The findings are as follows: The new approach has gradually gained the support of coaches thanks to its advantages such as flexibility, accessibility, self-promotion and marketing strategies. The mediatisation of tennis training has accelerated the popularisation of tennis in China, as have relevant government regulations regarding self-promotion platforms.

5.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 29(supl.4): 47-51, dic. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-2205344

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 67 años, con antecedentes de hipertensión arterial y obesidad, que acudió a urgencias por tos, fatiga, fiebre y disnea. Durante la monitorización se documentó elevación del segmento ST anterolateral e inferior y elevación de troponina; la arteriografía coronaria no evidenció lesiones significativas; en el ventriculograma y en el ecocardiograma transtorácico se documentó acinesia apical. Se confirmó RT-PCR positiva para SARS-CoV-2; se consideró como diagnóstico síndrome de takotsubo.


Abstract A 67-years-old woman with hypertension, obesity as previous diseases, presented to the emergency department due to cough, fatigue, fever, and dyspnea. ST-segment elevation was visualized during monitoring, troponin was positive, the coronary angiography was negative; the ventriculogram and transthoracic echocardiogram documented apical akinesia. The RT-PCR was positive for SARS CoV-2; the diagnosis was takotsubo-syndrome.

6.
European Urology Open Science ; 44(Supplement 1):S112, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2132862

ABSTRACT

Author of the study: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is leading to delays in the treatment of several urological malignancies. To determine the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the outcomes of patients with prostate cancer (PCa) treated with robotassisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) at a single tertiary-care center. Material(s) and Method(s): A retrospective study on patients who underwent a RARP at a single institution in two pre-specified time intervals, namely March-July 2019 (pre-COVID) and March-July 2020 (during-COVID), was conducted. Surgical waiting time (SWT) was defined as the period from prostate biopsy to surgery. All patients in the pre-COVID era underwent a specific pre- rehabilitation program, consisting of preoperative pelvic floor muscle exercises starting at least 1-month before RARP, as well as counselling with a prostate casemanager. After surgery, all patients underwent a structured follow-up both with physiotherapists and andrologists. During the COVID period, this specific program was not guaranteed. Continence recovery was defined as no use of pad, while erectile function (EF) recovery was defined as an erection sufficient for intercourse. Oncological outcomes were defined as biochemical recurrence and/or imaging evidence of progression. Result(s): A total of 249 patientswere eligible for analysis,136 (54.6%) in the pre-COVID and 113 (45.4%) in the COVID time-span. No significant differences in baseline characteristics, clinical and pathological features were observed between the two groups. Median SWT was 2.9 (2.5-3.1) in 2019 and 5.8 (5.0-7.0) in 2020. Median (IQR) follow-up was 25 (15-27) months. At 45 days, 6 months and 1 year follow-up no significant differences were observed in biochemical recurrence and progression- free survival rates. Biochemical recurrence at last followup was observed in 11 (8.1%) patients of pre-COVID and 3 (2.7%) patients during COVID. At the first follow-up visit 45 days after RARP, 49 (36.0%) patientswere continent and 6 (4.4%) patients had preserved EF in the pre-COVID group period, as compared to 8 (7.08%) and 0 (0%) in the COVID group (p < 0.001 and p = 0.072 respectively). At 6 months, 131 (96.3%) patients `were continent and 30 (22.1%) patients had EF recovery in pre-COVID group, as compared to 77 (68.14%) and 9 (8.0%) in the COVID group (p < 0.001). Finally, at 1 year 134 (98.5%) patients were continent and 50 (36.8%) patients were fully potent in the pre- COVID period, compared with 96 (85.0%) and 19 (16.8%) during COVID (p < 0.001). Conclusion(s): The use of a pre-rehabilitation program, which was routinely used in the pre-COVID era, appears to significantly improve the functional outcomes of patients subjected to RARP. On the other side, surgical delay does not appear to significantlyworsen oncological outcomes, even though these findings are limited by the short followup time. Copyright © 2022 European Association of Urology. Published by Elsevier B.V.

7.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(20)2022 Oct 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2071423

ABSTRACT

This study analyzed changes in the psychological health of students who were in the final year of their nursing degree during the COVID-19 pandemic and later served as nursing professionals in hospitals. Methods: A prospective longitudinal study was conducted over two periods of time (the first in April 2020 and the second 6 months later, in December 2020) with 296 students for a T0 baseline (rate response 68.83%) and 92 students for a T1 post-test sample (response rate 31.08%). The data were electronically collected using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire, the Resilience Scale, and a post-traumatic stress questionnaire. The mean age of the sample participants was 24.17 years (SD = 5.51), and 89.11% were female. During the pandemic, 14.11% of students showed scores that indicated depression, and 32.61% showed scores that indicated anxiety. In December 2020, 86.5% of the participants were working as nurses, and the percentages of those with anxiety (12%) and depression (4.3%) were significantly lower than in the first sample period. A total of 20.7% of the participants had post-traumatic stress. High scores for resilience were significantly associated with better quality of life and lower levels of anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress. Conclusions: Although the percentages of participants with anxiety and depression decreased, they still presented with mental health problems.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Students, Nursing , Humans , Female , Young Adult , Adult , Male , COVID-19/epidemiology , Mental Health , Pandemics , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/epidemiology , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/psychology , Quality of Life , Longitudinal Studies , Prospective Studies , Depression/epidemiology , Depression/psychology , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Anxiety/epidemiology , Anxiety/psychology
9.
J Hunger Environ Nutr ; 172022 Sep 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2008464

ABSTRACT

US Military Veterans experience higher rates of food insecurity compared to civilians, but the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Veterans is unclear. We conducted a nationwide survey of injured post-9/11 Veterans' food security, Coronavirus exposure, and nutrition habits. Of 193 Veterans, 63 (32.6%) were food insecure. Food insecurity was associated with Hispanic ethnicity (p = 0.02), prior homelessness (p = 0.003), combat service (p < 0.0001), and food-related worries (p = 0.003). Food insecure Veterans were more likely to report anxiety about stigma related to COVID-19 infection (p = 0.007). Nutrition assistance initiatives should attend to emergent psychosocial factors, beyond well-established economic factors, that increase risk for food insecurity.

10.
Multimed Syst ; 28(4): 1147-1150, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1999949
11.
IJID Reg ; 3: 150-156, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1899828

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine current and previous SARS-COV-2 infection, and describe risk factors associated with seropositivity, among HCWs and hospital staff between June and October of 2020. Methodology: Data from the day of enrollment for a prospective cohort study were analyzed to determine point prevalence and seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in HCWs and hospital staff of a university hospital in Colombia. Respiratory samples were collected to perform RT-PCR tests, along with blood samples to measure SARS-CoV-2 IgM and IgG antibodies. Data on nosocomial and community risk factors for infection were also collected and analyzed. Findings: 420 HCWs and hospital staff members were included. The seroprevalence at baseline was 23.2%, of which 10.7% had only IgM antibodies, 0.7% had IgG, and 11.7% had IgM and IgG. The prevalence of acute SARS-CoV-2 infection was 1.9%. Being a nurse assistant was significantly associated with seropositivity when compared with all other job duties (PR 2.39, 95% CI 1.27-3.65, p = 0.01). Conclusions: Overall SARS-CoV-2 prevalence was 1.9% and seroprevalence was 23.15%. Nurse assistants, medical doctors or students, and laboratory workers had a higher possibility of being SARS-CoV-2 seropositive.

12.
Multimed Syst ; 28(4): 1465-1479, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1864401

ABSTRACT

The increase in chronic diseases has affected the countries' health system and economy. With the recent COVID-19 virus, humanity has experienced a great challenge, which has led to make efforts to detect it and prevent its spread. Hence, it is necessary to develop new solutions that are based on technology and low cost, to satisfy the citizens' needs. Deep learning techniques is a technological solution that has been used in healthcare lately. Nowadays, with the increase in chips processing capabilities, increase size of data, and the progress in deep learning research, healthcare applications have been proposed to provide citizens' health needs. In addition, a big amount of data is generated every day. Development in Internet of Things, gadgets, and phones has allowed the access to multimedia data. Data such as images, video, audio and text are used as input of applications based on deep learning methods to support healthcare system to diagnose, predict, or treat patients. This review pretends to give an overview of proposed healthcare solutions based on deep learning techniques using multimedia data. We show the use of deep learning in healthcare, explain the different types of multimedia data, show some relevant deep learning multimedia applications in healthcare, and highlight some challenges in this research area.

13.
Front Psychol ; 12: 775032, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1715054

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic fundamentally disrupted humans' social life and behavior. Public health measures may have inadvertently impacted how people care for each other. This study investigated prosocial behavior, its association well-being, and predictors of prosocial behavior during the first COVID-19 pandemic lockdown and sought to understand whether region-specific differences exist. Participants (N = 9,496) from eight regions clustering multiple countries around the world responded to a cross-sectional online-survey investigating the psychological consequences of the first upsurge of lockdowns in spring 2020. Prosocial behavior was reported to occur frequently. Multiple regression analyses showed that prosocial behavior was associated with better well-being consistently across regions. With regard to predictors of prosocial behavior, high levels of perceived social support were most strongly associated with prosocial behavior, followed by high levels of perceived stress, positive affect and psychological flexibility. Sociodemographic and psychosocial predictors of prosocial behavior were similar across regions.

14.
Applied Sciences ; 12(1):67, 2022.
Article in English | MDPI | ID: covidwho-1581073

ABSTRACT

Due to the prevalence of the COVID-19 pandemic, the demand for disposable facemasks has become a global issue. Unfortunately, the use of these products has negative effects on the environment, and therefore, the use of biodegradable materials is a powerful strategy to overcome this challenge. Aligned with this concept, in this work, biodegradable facemasks were developed using poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) polymer and cotton natural fibers. The filter layer was produced using an electrospinning technique, since electrospun membranes present remarkable characteristics for air filtration. The electrospun membranes were functionalized with different nanoparticles (NPs), including silver (Ag), titanium dioxide (TiO2) and magnesium oxide (MgO), in order to include new properties, namely antibacterial effect. The developed membranes were characterized by FESEM, EDS, ATR-FTIR, GSDR and TGA, which confirmed the successful impregnation of NPs onto PCL membranes. The antibacterial effect and filtration efficiency were assessed, with the PCL/MgO NPs membrane presenting better results, showing inhibition zone diameters of 25.3 and 13.5 mm against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, respectively, and filtration efficiency of 99.4%. Three facemask prototypes were developed, and their filtration efficiency, air permeability and thermal comfort were evaluated. Overall, this study demonstrates the potential of PCL/NPs electrospun membranes to act as an active and biodegradable filter layer in facemasks.

15.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil ; 102(10): 1989-1997.e3, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1499615

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to determine the effect of pulmonary rehabilitation on functional capacity and quality of life in interstitial lung diseases, including those caused by coronaviruses. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and MedRxiv from inception to November 2020 were searched to identify documents. STUDY SELECTION: Publications investigating the effect of pulmonary rehabilitation on lung function (forced vital capacity [FVC]), exercise capacity (6-minute walk distance [6MWD]), health related quality of life (HRQOL), and dyspnea were searched. DATA EXTRACTION: The data were extracted into predesigned data extraction tables. Risk of bias was evaluated with the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool (RoB 2.0). DATA SYNTHESIS: A total of 11 RCTs with 637 interstitial lung disease patients were eligible for analyses. The pooled effect sizes of the association for pulmonary rehabilitation were 0.37 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.02-0.71) for FVC, 44.55 (95% CI, 32.46-56.64) for 6MWD, 0.52 (95% CI, 0.22-0.82) for HRQOL, and 0.39 (95% CI, -0.08 to 0.87) for dyspnea. After translating these findings considering clinical improvements, pulmonary rehabilitation intervention increased predicted FVC by 5.5%, the 6MWD test improved by 44.55 m, and HRQOL improved by 3.9 points compared with baseline values. Results remained similar in sensitivity analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Although specific evidence for pulmonary rehabilitation of coronavirus disease 2019 patients has emerged, our data support that interstitial lung disease rehabilitation could be considered as an effective therapeutic strategy to improve the functional capacity and quality of life in this group of patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/rehabilitation , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/rehabilitation , Pneumonia, Viral/rehabilitation , Respiratory Therapy/methods , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/rehabilitation , Humans , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , SARS-CoV-2 , Walk Test
16.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(16)2021 Aug 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1376945

ABSTRACT

In recent years, an unprecedented increase in the development of products and technologies to protect the human being has been observed. Now, more than ever, the world population is exposed to several threats, harmful to their well-being and health. Chemical and biological hazardous agents stand out as one of the biggest threats, not only for the military forces, but also for the civilians. Consequently, it's essential to develop personal protective systems that are able to protect their user, not only passively, but actively, being able to detect, adsorb, degrade and decontaminate pesticides, pollutants, microorganisms and most importantly: chemical/biological warfare agents. One recent strategy for the development of active fibrous structures with improved functions and new properties is their functionalization with nanoparticles (NPs), especially metal oxides. Although their known effectiveness in the decomposition of harmful agents, the NPs could also include other functionalities in the same structure using low quantities of material, without adding extra weight, which is of huge importance for a soldier in the battlefield. The use of natural fibers as the substrate is also very interesting, since this material is a much sustainable alternative when compared to synthetic ones, also providing excellent properties.

17.
J Virol Methods ; 297: 114272, 2021 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1376063

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to set up a simple protocol to concentrate SARS-CoV-2 from sewage, which can be implemented in laboratories with minimal equipment resources. The method avoids the need for extensive purification steps and reduces the concentration of potential inhibitors of RT-qPCR contained in sewage. The concentration method consists of a single step, in which a small volume (40 mL) of sewage sample is incubated with polyaluminum chloride (PAC)(0.00045 N Al3+ final concentration). Virus particles adsorbed to the precipitate are collected by low-speed centrifugation, after which the recovered pellet is resuspended with a saline buffer. PAC-concentrated samples are stable for at least one week at 4 °C. Therefore, they may be sent refrigerated to a diagnosis center for RNA extraction and RT-qPCR for SARS-CoV-2 RNA detection if the lab does not have such capabilities. The PAC concentration method produced an average shift of 4.5-units in quantification cycle (Cq) values compared to non-concentrated samples, indicating a 25-fold increase in detection sensitivity. The lower detection limit corresponded approximately to 100 viral copies per ml. Kappa index indicated substantial agreement between PAC and polyethylene glycol (PEG) precipitation protocols (k = 0.688, CI 0.457-0.919). This low-cost concentration protocol could be useful to aid in the monitoring of community circulation of SARS-CoV-2, especially in low- and middle-income countries, which do not have massive access to support from specialized labs for sewage surveillance.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Sewage , Humans , RNA, Viral , SARS-CoV-2 , Wastewater
19.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(12)2021 Jun 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1273503

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 that causes the disease COVID-19 has forced us to go into our homes and limit our physical interactions with others. Economies around the world have come to a halt, with non-essential businesses being forced to close in order to prevent further propagation of the virus. Developing countries are having more difficulties due to their lack of access to diagnostic resources. In this study, we present an approach for detecting COVID-19 infections exclusively on the basis of self-reported symptoms. Such an approach is of great interest because it is relatively inexpensive and easy to deploy at either an individual or population scale. Our best model delivers a sensitivity score of 0.752, a specificity score of 0.609, and an area under the curve for the receiver operating characteristic of 0.728. These are promising results that justify continuing research efforts towards a machine learning test for detecting COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19 Testing , Humans , Machine Learning , ROC Curve , SARS-CoV-2
20.
medrxiv; 2021.
Preprint in English | medRxiv | ID: ppzbmed-10.1101.2021.05.27.21257934

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to set up a simple protocol to concentrate SARS-CoV-2 from sewage, which can be implemented in laboratories with minimal equipment resources. The method avoids the need for extensive purification steps and reduces the concentration of potential inhibitors of RT-qPCR contained in sewage. The concentration method consists of a single step, in which a small volume of sewage sample is incubated with polyaluminum chloride (PAC). Virus particles adsorbed to the precipitate are collected by low-speed centrifugation, after which the recovered pellet is resuspended with a saline buffer. The PAC concentration method produced an average shift of 4.4-units in Cq values compared to non-concentrated samples, indicating a 25-fold increase in detection sensitivity. The lower detection limit corresponded approximately to 100 copies per ml. Kappa index indicated substantial agreement between PAC and PEG precipitation protocols (k=0.688, CI 0.457-0.919). PAC concentrated samples can be processed immediately for RNA purification and qPCR or sent refrigerated to a diagnosis center, where SARS-CoV-2 detection should be performed in the same way as for clinical samples. This low cost protocol could be useful to aid in the monitoring of community circulation of SARS-CoV-2, especially in low- and middle-income countries, which do not have massive access to support from specialized labs for sewage surveillance.

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