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1.
ASAIO J ; 2022 Sep 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2051667

ABSTRACT

Patients with severe refractory hypoxemic respiratory failure may benefit from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for salvage therapy. The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic offered three high-volume independent ECMO programs at a large medical center the chance to collaborate to optimize ECMO care at the beginning of the pandemic in Spring 2020. Between March 15, 2020, and May 30, 2020, 3,615 inpatients with COVID-19 were treated at the Texas Medical Center. During this time, 35 COVID-19 patients were cannulated for ECMO, all but one in a veno-venous configuration. At hospital discharge, 23 (66%) of the 35 patients were alive. Twelve patients died of vasodilatory shock (n = 9), intracranial hemorrhage (n = 2), and cannulation-related bleeding and multiorgan dysfunction (n = 1). The average duration of ECMO was 13.6 days in survivors and 25.0 days in nonsurvivors (p < 0.04). At 1 year follow-up, all 23 discharged patients were still alive, making the 1 year survival rate 66% (23/35). At 2 years follow-up, the overall rate of survival was 63% (22/35). Of those patients who survived 2 years, all were at home and alive and well at follow-up.

2.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 17(2): e33-e36, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1335453

ABSTRACT

We present a case describing the use of the AngioVac system (AngioDynamics, Inc.) and SENTINEL™ cerebral protection system (SCPS; Boston Scientific) in a patient with COVID-19 who initially presented with a large deep-vein thrombosis of the left lower extremity, complicated by a pulmonary embolism. Although he initially improved with systemic alteplase, he later developed a second large clot diagnosed in transit in the right atrium. Within 12 hours from initial thrombolysis, this large clot wedged across an incidental patent foramen ovale (PFO), the atrial septum, and the cavotricuspid annulus. We emergently performed a percutaneous clot extraction with preemptive placement of the SCPS in anticipation of cardioembolic phenomenon. A large (> 10 cm) clot was extracted without complication, and the patient was discharged home. The combined use of SCPS and AngioVac in this case suggests a potential role for percutaneous treatment of severe and consequential thromboembolic disease, especially in patients with a PFO, and may be considered as an alternative and less-invasive option in patients with COVID-19. While cerebral embolic protection devices are approved for and widely used in transcatheter aortic valve replacement procedures, there is a theoretical benefit for use in percutaneous thrombolectomies as well.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Endovascular Procedures , Pulmonary Embolism/therapy , Thrombectomy , Adult , COVID-19/diagnosis , Embolic Protection Devices , Endovascular Procedures/instrumentation , Humans , Male , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnostic imaging , Pulmonary Embolism/etiology , Thrombectomy/instrumentation , Treatment Outcome
3.
Crit Care Explor ; 3(3): e0372, 2021 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1158029

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: About 15% of hospitalized coronavirus disease 2019 patients require ICU admission, and most (80%) of these require invasive mechanical ventilation. Lung-protective ventilation in coronavirus disease 2019 acute respiratory failure may result in severe respiratory acidosis without significant hypoxemia. Low-flow extracorporeal Co2 removal can facilitate lung-protective ventilation and avoid the adverse effects of severe respiratory acidosis. The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of extracorporeal Co2 removal using the Hemolung Respiratory Assist System in correcting severe respiratory acidosis in mechanically ventilated coronavirus disease 2019 patients with severe acute respiratory failure. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 mechanically ventilated with severe hypercapnia and respiratory acidosis and treated with low-flow extracorporeal Co2 removal. SETTING: Eight tertiary ICUs in the United States. PATIENTS: Adult patients supported with the Hemolung Respiratory Assist System from March 1, to September 30, 2020. INTERVENTIONS: Extracorporeal Co2 removal with Hemolung Respiratory Assist System under a Food and Drug Administration emergency use authorization for coronavirus disease 2019. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The primary outcome was improvement in pH and Paco2 from baseline. Secondary outcomes included survival to decannulation, mortality, time on ventilator, and adverse events. Thirty-one patients were treated with Hemolung Respiratory Assist System with significant improvement in pH and Pco2 in this cohort. Two patients experienced complications that prevented treatment. Of the 29 treated patients, 58% survived to 48 hours post treatment and 38% to hospital discharge. No difference in age or comorbidities were noted between survivors and nonsurvivors. There was significant improvement in pH (7.24 ± 0.12 to 7.35 ± 0.07; p < 0.0001) and Paco2 (79 ± 23 to 58 ± 14; p < 0.0001) from baseline to 24 hours. CONCLUSIONS: In this retrospective case series of 29 patients, we have demonstrated efficacy of extracorporeal Co2 removal using the Hemolung Respiratory Assist System to improve respiratory acidosis in patients with severe hypercapnic respiratory failure due to coronavirus disease 2019.

4.
Perfusion ; 36(4): 358-364, 2021 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-945126

ABSTRACT

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has required rapid and effective protocol adjustments at every level of healthcare. The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is pivotal to COVID-19 treatment in cases of refractory hypoxemic hypercapnic respiratory failure. As such, our large, metropolitan air ambulance system in conjunction with our experts in advanced cardiopulmonary therapies modified protocols to assist peripheral hospitals in evaluation, cannulation and initiation of ECMO for rescue and air transportation of patients with COVID-19 to our quaternary center. The detailed protocol is described alongside initial data of its use. To date, 14 patients have been placed on ECMO support at an outside facility and successfully transported via helicopter to our hub hospital using this protocol.


Subject(s)
Air Ambulances , COVID-19/therapy , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Transportation of Patients , Adult , Critical Care/methods , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation/methods , Female , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Male , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Transportation of Patients/methods
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