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ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec ; 83(1): 47-51, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-817876


The novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic has influenced the timeliness of care for patients with both common and rare conditions, particularly those affecting high-risk operative sites such as the upper aerodigestive tract. Sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma (SNUC) represents a rare malignancy of the sinonasal tract, a unique subset of which has never been previously reported in the otolaryngology literature and is characterized by inactivation of the SMARCB (INI-1) tumor suppressor gene. This subtype exhibits a particularly poor prognosis and is characterized pathologically by its rhabdoid appearance. Here we present the case of an individual who was diagnosed with a sinonasal mass during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, which was ultimately found to be SMARCB (INI-1)-deficient sinonasal carcinoma. Advanced imaging was deferred in the interest of limiting the patient's exposure to the virus, and expedited operative management was performed which facilitated prompt referral for adjuvant chemoradiation. The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic presents unique challenges, but the work-up of high-risk lesions must be prioritized; this continues to be paramount as SARS-CoV-2 resurges in many cities across the USA.

COVID-19/epidemiology , Carcinoma/diagnosis , Carcinoma/surgery , Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms/surgery , Biopsy , Carcinoma/pathology , Chemoradiotherapy, Adjuvant , Diagnosis, Differential , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms/pathology , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
J Surg Educ ; 78(1): 214-231, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-634357


OBJECTIVES: YouTube has become the preferred resource for trainees in otolaryngology to prepare for surgery. This study aimed to compare the evaluation by 2 attending physicians and 2 resident physicians of the quality of videos on YouTube on neck dissection, a key indicator case in head and neck surgery. The authors aimed to assess the quality and quantity of YouTube videos available for development of a virtual surgical educational curriculum for trainees in otolaryngology. METHODS: Using the YouTube search feature, the top 10 videos by relevance and view count were compiled using the following search terms: radical neck dissection, selective neck dissection, modified radical neck dissection, lateral neck dissection, levels I-III neck dissection, levels II-IV, left neck dissection, right neck dissection, cervical nodal dissection, and supraomohyoid neck dissection. A total of 37 videos on neck dissection were identified and analyzed using the LAP-VEGaS criteria as well as author-specific modified LAP-VEGaS criteria. RESULTS: The mean comprehensive LAP-VEGaS score was 8.74 (SD 3.10). The majority of videos (24/37) were designated as medium quality; 10 of 37 videos were low quality and 3 of 37 videos were high quality. In the total group analysis, there was excellent inter-rater reliability between attending physicians (Cohen's kappa coefficient of 0.84) and good inter-rater reliability between resident physicians (Cohen's kappa coefficient of 0.58). There was no correlation between total view count, video age, or number of likes/dislikes and the overall LAP-VEGaS score. The presence of audio or written commentary had a moderate positive correlation with LAP-VEGaS score (adjusted R2 of 0.36). There was no statistically significant difference in video quality between videos posted by US and non-US based physicians (95% confidence interval -0.10 to 4.10; p = 0.06). However, videos made by an otolaryngology-trained physician had a LAP-VEGaS score that was 3.93 points higher (95% confidence interval 2.34-5.52; p < 0.001) than that of videos made by a nonotolaryngology-trained physician. CONCLUSIONS: Online videos of neck dissection represent an increasingly ubiquitous and appropriate resource for trainees in learning otolaryngology key indicator cases. While free-to-access video repositories, such as YouTube, have become increasingly popular among trainees as a primary resource for learning and preparing for surgical cases, they lack consistent quality and as such, global efforts should be taken to improve the breadth and depth of educational video content in otolaryngology.

COVID-19/epidemiology , Education, Medical, Graduate/trends , Neck Dissection/education , Otolaryngology/education , Social Media , Video Recording , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
Head Neck ; 42(6): 1273-1277, 2020 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-143443


BACKGROUND: This case highlights challenges in the assessment and management of the "difficult airway" patient in the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic era. METHODS: A 60-year-old male with history of recent transoral robotic surgery resection, free flap reconstruction, and tracheostomy for p16+ squamous cell carcinoma presented with stridor and dyspnea 1 month after decannulation. Careful planning by a multidisciplinary team allowed for appropriate staffing and personal protective equipment, preparations for emergency airway management, evaluation via nasopharyngolaryngoscopy, and COVID testing. The patient was found to be COVID negative and underwent imaging which revealed new pulmonary nodules and a tracheal lesion. RESULTS: The patient was safely transorally intubated in the operating room. The tracheal lesion was removed endoscopically and tracheostomy was avoided. CONCLUSIONS: This case highlights the importance of careful and collaborative decision making for the management of head and neck cancer and other "difficult airway" patients during the COVID-19 epidemic.

Betacoronavirus , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Tonsillar Neoplasms/pathology , Tracheal Neoplasms/surgery , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Testing , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/secondary , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , SARS-CoV-2 , Tracheal Neoplasms/secondary