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1.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-319182

ABSTRACT

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic would have particularly affected acute stroke care. However, its impact is clearly inherent to the local stroke network conditions. We aimed to assess the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on acute stroke care in the Lyon comprehensive stroke center during this period. Methods: We conducted a prospective data collection of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) treated with intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) and/or mechanical thrombectomy (MT) during the COVID-19 period (from 29/02/2020 to 10/05/2020) and a control period (from 29/02/2019 to 10/05/2019). The volume of reperfusion therapies and pre and intra-hospital delays were compared during both periods. Results: A total of 208 patients were included. The volume of IVT significantly decreased during the COVID-period (55 (54.5%) vs 74 (69.2%);p=0.03) and was mainly due to time delay among patients treated with MT. The volume of MT remains stable over the two periods (72 (71.3%) vs 65 (60.8%);p=0.14) but the door-to-groin puncture time increased in patients transferred for MT (237 [187-339] vs 210 [163-260];p<0.01). The daily number of Emergency Medical Dispatch calls considerably increased (1502 [1133-2238] vs 1023 [960-1410];p<0.01). Conclusions: Our study showed a decrease of the volume of IVT, whereas the volume of MT remained stable although intra-hospital delays increased for transferred patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. These results contrast in part with the national surveys and suggest that the impact of the pandemic may depend on local stroke care networks.

2.
EuropePMC; 2021.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-309682

ABSTRACT

Background: To describe the clinical characteristics, management, and outcome of patients admitted in French emergency departments (EDs) for COVID-19 suspicion. Methods: A prospective, multicenter, observational study was conducted in 4 EDs. Adult patients (≥18 years) admitted in EDs between March 6, 2020 and May 10, 2020, hospitalized, and who were presenting symptoms evocative of COVID-19 were included. The clinical features, management, and prognosis of patients was compared according to their confirmed COVID-19 status. Results: A total of 2,686 patients were included, among them 760 (28.3%) were COVID-19 positive. Among the latter, the mean ± SD age was 71.5 ± 16.5 years. A total of 364 (48.0%) positive patients had hypertension, 228 (30.0%) had chronic cardiac disease, 186 (24.5%) had diabetes, 126 (16.6%) were obese, and 114 (15.0%) had chronic respiratory disease. The proportion of patients admitted in intensive care units (ICU) was higher among COVID-19 positive patients (185, 24.3%) compared to COVID-19 negative patients (206, 10.7%;p<0.001) and they required mechanical ventilation more frequently (89, 11.9% vs 37, 1.9%;p<0.001). The median [IQR] length of hospital stay was longer among COVID-19-positive patients (10 [6-15] vs 6 [2-11] days;p<0.001). The in-hospital mortality was significantly higher among COVID-19 positive patients (139, 18.3% vs 149, 7.7%;p<0.001). Conclusions: This study suggests that among the COVID-19 suspected patients admitted in EDs and requiring a hospitalization, the management was different according to the confirmed COVID-19 status and required different resources in terms of ICU beds and ventilator support.

3.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 18(24)2021 12 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1554902

ABSTRACT

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with COVID-19 in intensive care units (ICU) is frequent, but risk factors (RF) remain unidentified. In this meta-analysis (CRD42020188764) we searched for observational studies from ICUs reporting the association between VTE and RF in Medline/Embase up to 15 April 2021. Reviewers independently extracted data in duplicate and assessed the certainty of the evidence using the GRADE approach. Analyses were conducted using the random-effects model and produced a non-adjusted odds ratio (OR). We analysed 83 RF from 21 studies (5296 patients). We found moderate-certainty evidence for an association between VTE and the D-dimer peak (OR 5.83, 95%CI 3.18-10.70), and length of hospitalization (OR 7.09, 95%CI 3.41-14.73) and intubation (OR 2.61, 95%CI 1.94-3.51). We identified low-certainty evidence for an association between VTE and CRP (OR 1.83, 95% CI 1.32-2.53), D-dimer (OR 4.58, 95% CI 2.52-8.50), troponin T (OR 8.64, 95% CI 3.25-22.97), and the requirement for inotropic drugs (OR 1.67, 95% CI 1.15-2.43). Traditional VTE RF (i.e., history of cancer, previous VTE events, obesity) were not found to be associated to VTE in COVID-19. Anticoagulation was not associated with a decreased VTE risk. VTE RF in severe COVID-19 correspond to individual illness severity, and inflammatory and coagulation parameters.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Venous Thromboembolism , Hospitalization , Humans , Observational Studies as Topic , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Venous Thromboembolism/epidemiology
4.
Thorax ; 76(10): 970-979, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1099791

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of venous thromboembolic event (VTE) and arterial thromboembolic event (ATE) thromboembolic events in patients with COVID-19 remains largely unknown. METHODS: In this meta-analysis, we systematically searched for observational studies describing the prevalence of VTE and ATE in COVID-19 up to 30 September 2020. RESULTS: We analysed findings from 102 studies (64 503 patients). The frequency of COVID-19-related VTE was 14.7% (95% CI 12.1% to 17.6%, I2=94%; 56 studies; 16 507 patients). The overall prevalence rates of pulmonary embolism (PE) and leg deep vein thrombosis were 7.8% (95% CI 6.2% to 9.4%, I2=94%; 66 studies; 23 117 patients) and 11.2% (95% CI 8.4% to 14.3%, I2=95%; 48 studies; 13 824 patients), respectively. Few were isolated subsegmental PE. The VTE prevalence was significantly higher in intensive care unit (ICU) (23.2%, 95% CI 17.5% to 29.6%, I2=92%, vs 9.0%, 95% CI 6.9% to 11.4%, I2=95%; pinteraction<0.0001) and in series systematically screening patients compared with series testing symptomatic patients (25.2% vs 12.7%, pinteraction=0.04). The frequency rates of overall ATE, acute coronary syndrome, stroke and other ATE were 3.9% (95% CI 2.0% to to 3.0%, I2=96%; 16 studies; 7939 patients), 1.6% (95% CI 1.0% to 2.2%, I2=93%; 27 studies; 40 597 patients) and 0.9% (95% CI 0.5% to 1.5%, I2=84%; 17 studies; 20 139 patients), respectively. Metaregression and subgroup analyses failed to explain heterogeneity of overall ATE. High heterogeneity limited the value of estimates. CONCLUSIONS: Patients admitted in the ICU for severe COVID-19 had a high risk of VTE. Conversely, further studies are needed to determine the specific effects of COVID-19 on the risk of ATE or VTE in less severe forms of the disease.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Thromboembolism/epidemiology , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/therapy , Critical Care , Hospitalization , Humans , Prevalence , Thromboembolism/diagnosis , Thromboembolism/prevention & control
5.
J Neurol ; 268(7): 2314-2319, 2021 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-754555

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic would have particularly affected acute stroke care. However, its impact is clearly inherent to the local stroke network conditions. We aimed to assess the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on acute stroke care in the Lyon comprehensive stroke center during this period. METHODS: We conducted a prospective data collection of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) treated with intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) and/or mechanical thrombectomy (MT) during the COVID-19 period (from 29/02/2020 to 10/05/2020) and a control period (from 29/02/2019 to 10/05/2019). The volume of reperfusion therapies and pre and intra-hospital delays were compared during both periods. RESULTS: A total of 208 patients were included. The volume of IVT significantly decreased during the COVID-period [55 (54.5%) vs 74 (69.2%); p = 0.03]. The volume of MT remains stable over the two periods [72 (71.3%) vs 65 (60.8%); p = 0.14], but the door-to-groin puncture time increased in patients transferred for MT (237 [187-339] vs 210 [163-260]; p < 0.01). The daily number of Emergency Medical Dispatch calls considerably increased (1502 [1133-2238] vs 1023 [960-1410]; p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed a decrease in the volume of IVT, whereas the volume of MT remained stable although intra-hospital delays increased for transferred patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. These results contrast in part with the national surveys and suggest that the impact of the pandemic may depend on local stroke care networks.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Stroke , Thrombectomy , Thrombolytic Therapy , Brain Ischemia/complications , Brain Ischemia/epidemiology , Brain Ischemia/therapy , France , Humans , Pandemics , Prospective Studies , Reperfusion , Retrospective Studies , Stroke/epidemiology , Stroke/therapy , Treatment Outcome
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