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1.
J Infect Prev ; 24(3): 132-136, 2023 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2294427

ABSTRACT

Asymptomatic and pre-symptomatic staff and residents likely contribute to widespread transmission of COVID-19 in long-term care settings. Here, we describe the successful containment of a COVID-19 outbreak on one floor of a 163-bed Veterans Affairs (VA) Community Living Center (CLC). Testing using nasopharyngeal swabs with a rapid turn-around-time identified 3 of 28 (11%) residents and 2 of 41 (5%) healthcare personnel (HCP) with COVID-19. Both HCP likely worked on the floor while pre-symptomatic. When one HCP reported a cough to the secondary (employee) screening clinic, she was erroneously advised to work. Protocols to limit the risk for HCP to import COVID-19 were reinforced with Community Living Center staff as well as with personnel in secondary screening. Further, the CLC implemented an expanded screening tool that assessed residents for typical and atypical symptoms of COVID-19. No further cases of COVID-19 were detected on the CLC floor in the subsequent 6 weeks. Swift recognition and response helped contain the outbreak and prevent further COVID-19 infections among other residents and staff.

2.
Journal of Infection Prevention ; 2023.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2257574

ABSTRACT

Asymptomatic and pre-symptomatic staff and residents likely contribute to widespread transmission of COVID-19 in long-term care settings. Here, we describe the successful containment of a COVID-19 outbreak on one floor of a 163-bed Veterans Affairs (VA) Community Living Center (CLC). Testing using nasopharyngeal swabs with a rapid turn-around-time identified 3 of 28 (11%) residents and 2 of 41 (5%) healthcare personnel (HCP) with COVID-19. Both HCP likely worked on the floor while pre-symptomatic. When one HCP reported a cough to the secondary (employee) screening clinic, she was erroneously advised to work. Protocols to limit the risk for HCP to import COVID-19 were reinforced with Community Living Center staff as well as with personnel in secondary screening. Further, the CLC implemented an expanded screening tool that assessed residents for typical and atypical symptoms of COVID-19. No further cases of COVID-19 were detected on the CLC floor in the subsequent 6 weeks. Swift recognition and response helped contain the outbreak and prevent further COVID-19 infections among other residents and staff.

3.
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol ; 42(2): 215-217, 2021 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1083571

ABSTRACT

On coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) wards, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) nucleic acid was frequently detected on high-touch surfaces, floors, and socks inside patient rooms. Contamination of floors and shoes was common outside patient rooms on the COVID-19 wards but decreased after improvements in floor cleaning and disinfection were implemented.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/transmission , Environmental Pollution/analysis , Intensive Care Units , Patients' Rooms , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , COVID-19/virology , Clothing , Disinfection/methods , Equipment Contamination , Hospitals, Veterans , Humans , Ohio , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
4.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 7: 598846, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1067650

ABSTRACT

Background: Recent studies revealed a high prevalence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) events in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients, especially in those who are critically ill. Available studies report varying prevalence rates. Hence, the exact prevalence remains uncertain. Moreover, there is an ongoing debate regarding the appropriate dosage of thromboprophylaxis. Methods: We performed a systematic review and proportion meta-analysis following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. We searched PubMed and EMBASE for studies exploring the prevalence of VTE in critically ill COVID-19 patients till 25/07/2020. We pooled the proportion of VTE. Additionally, in a subgroup analysis, we pooled VTE events detected by systematic screening. Finally, in an exploratory analysis, we compared the odds of VTE in patients on prophylactic compared with therapeutic anticoagulation. Results: The review comprised 24 studies and over 2,500 patients. The pooled proportion of VTE prevalence was 0.31 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.24, 0.39; I 2 94%], of VTE utilizing systematic screening was 0.48 (95% CI 0.33, 0.63; I 2 91%), of deep venous thrombosis was 0.23 (95% CI 0.14, 0.32; I 2 96%), and of pulmonary embolism was 0.14 (95% CI 0.09, 0.20; I 2 90%). Exploratory analysis of few studies, utilizing systematic screening, VTE risk increased significantly with prophylactic, compared with therapeutic anticoagulation [odds ratio (OR) 5.45; 95% CI 1.90, 15.57; I 2 0%]. Discussion: Our review revealed a high prevalence of VTE in critically ill COVID-19 patients. Almost 50% of patients had VTE detected by systematic screening. Higher thromboprophylaxis dosages may reduce VTE burden in this patient's cohort compared with standard prophylactic anticoagulation; however, this is to be ascertained by ongoing randomized controlled trials.

5.
IDCases ; 20: e00778, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-125237

ABSTRACT

People exposed to COVID-19 have a risk of developing disease, and health care workers are at risk at a time when they are badly needed during a health care crisis. Hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine have been used as treatment and are being considered as prophylaxis. Our patient developed COVID-19 while on hydroxychloroquine and although more work is needed, this calls into question the role of these medications as preventive therapy.

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