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Chest ; 162(4):A1102, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2060769

ABSTRACT

SESSION TITLE: Issues After COVID-19 Vaccination Case Posters SESSION TYPE: Case Report Posters PRESENTED ON: 10/19/2022 12:45 pm - 01:45 pm INTRODUCTION: More reports are indicating a temporal association between Bell's palsy and the mRNA vaccine for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Therefore, collecting vaccine history is becoming important in post-marketing surveillance to monitor the safety of vaccines in real-world settings. We report the case of concomitant occurrence of Bell's palsy and glossopharyngeal neuralgia leading to severe symptomatic hyponatremia in a previously healthy patient. CASE PRESENTATION: A 60 year-old-female without significant medical history presented to the hospital with odynophagia, and generalized weakness for two weeks. She decreased her oral intake due to stabbing pain in the back of her throat triggered by swallowing. She reported hyperacusis and frequent shooting pain in the left cheek managed with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The symptoms occurred several days after the first dose of the mRNA vaccine for COVID-19. She denied previous COVID-19 infection and herpes zoster. Examination revealed dry mucosa, left facial muscle weakness, inability to raise the left eyebrow or lift the labial commissure, effacement of the nasolabial fold, and left-sided frontal wrinkles. Laboratory investigation revealed sodium of 110. Computerized Tomography of the brain revealed negative findings for intracranial abnormalities. Severe symptomatic hyponatremia was managed with hypertonic saline. The neurologist made the diagnosis of Bell's palsy and glossopharyngeal trigeminal neuralgia leading to poor oral intake. We initiated acyclovir, prednisone, and gabapentin. The patient recovered from hyponatremia and experienced improvement of neurological symptoms with initiated medications. DISCUSSION: High morbidity and mortality of patients with COVID-19 accelerated the development and production of the vaccines. During the pandemic, mRNA COVID-19 vaccines reduced asymptomatic and prevented severe symptomatic COVID-19 infection and its complications. Although the benefits and protective effects of the COVID-19 vaccines outweighed the risks associated with them, we have reports of associations between vaccines and certain disorders such as Bell's palsy. Glossopharyngeal neuralgia is defined as sudden severe brief pain in the distribution of the glossopharyngeal nerve. It can be described as transient stabbing pain experienced in the ear, tonsillar fossa, and base of the tongue. Unusual presentation is fear to eat as this can be a precipitating cause of the pain. It overlaps with trigeminal neuralgia and can create a diagnostic dilemma. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, it is unknown what causal relationship exists between the mRNA COVID-19 vaccine and neurological diseases such as Bell's palsy and glossopharyngeal neuralgia. Glossopharyngeal neuralgia is frequently overlooked as a diagnosis. This is a unique case of concomitant glossopharyngeal neuralgia and Bell's palsy that is coincidental with a history of COVID-19 vaccine. Reference #1: El Sahly HM, Baden LR, Essink B, et al. Efficacy of the mRNA-1273 SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine at Completion of Blinded Phase. New England Journal of Medicine. 2021;385(19):1774-1785. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa2113017 Reference #2: Singh PM, Kaur M, Trikha A. An uncommonly common: Is glossopharyngeal neuralgia. Ann Indian Acad Neurol. 2013;16(1):1-8. doi:10.4103/0972-2327.107662 Reference #3: Cellina M, D'Arrigo A, Floridi C, Oliva G, Carrafiello G. Left Bell's palsy following the first dose of mRNA-1273 SARS-CoV-2 vaccine: A case report. Clin Imaging. 2022;82:1-4. doi:10.1016/j.clinimag.2021.10.010 DISCLOSURES: No relevant relationships by Nemanja Draguljevic No relevant relationships by Katherine Hodgin No relevant relationships by Kristina Menchaca No relevant relationships by Catherine Ostos Perez

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