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1.
Hemasphere ; 6(5): e0711, 2022 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1795006

ABSTRACT

Data on outcome of patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) and COVID-19 infection are limited. The European MCL (EMCL) registry is a centralized registry of the EMCL network, collecting real-world information about treatments and disease courses. During the COVID-19 pandemic, additional data on MCL patients with COVID-19 infection were collected, aiming to identify risk factors for mortality from COVID-19. In our retrospective, multicenter, international study, we collected data from 63 MCL patients with a median age of 64 years (range, 44-84) in 9 countries with evidence of a COVID-19 infection between February 2020 and October 2021. The overall mortality rate was high (44.4%), especially in hospitalized patients (61%) and in patients with need for intensive care unit care (94%). Patients receiving rituximab had significantly poorer survival than patients not receiving rituximab (P = 0.04). Our data highlight the importance of prevention strategies and underline the need for effective vaccination in this vulnerable cohort.

2.
HemaSphere ; 6(5), 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1787481

ABSTRACT

Data on outcome of patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) and COVID-19 infection are limited. The European MCL (EMCL) registry is a centralized registry of the EMCL network, collecting real-world information about treatments and disease courses. During the COVID-19 pandemic, additional data on MCL patients with COVID-19 infection were collected, aiming to identify risk factors for mortality from COVID-19. In our retrospective, multicenter, international study, we collected data from 63 MCL patients with a median age of 64 years (range, 44–84) in 9 countries with evidence of a COVID-19 infection between February 2020 and October 2021. The overall mortality rate was high (44.4%), especially in hospitalized patients (61%) and in patients with need for intensive care unit care (94%). Patients receiving rituximab had significantly poorer survival than patients not receiving rituximab (P = 0.04). Our data highlight the importance of prevention strategies and underline the need for effective vaccination in this vulnerable cohort.

4.
Hemasphere ; 5(7): e603, 2021 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1301392

ABSTRACT

The clinical and immunological impact of B-cell depletion in the context of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is unclear. We conducted a prospectively planned analysis of COVID-19 in patients who received B-cell depleting anti-CD20 antibodies and chemotherapy for B-cell lymphomas. The control cohort consisted of age- and sex-matched patients without lymphoma who were hospitalized because of COVID-19. We performed detailed clinical analyses, in-depth cellular and molecular immune profiling, and comprehensive virological studies in 12 patients with available biospecimens. B-cell depleted lymphoma patients had more severe and protracted clinical course (median hospitalization 88 versus 17 d). All patients actively receiving immunochemotherapy (n = 5) required ICU support including long-term mechanical ventilation. Neutrophil recovery following granulocyte colony stimulating factor stimulation coincided with hyperinflammation and clinical deterioration in 4 of the 5 patients. Immune cell profiling and gene expression analysis of peripheral blood mononuclear cells revealed early activation of monocytes/macrophages, neutrophils, and the complement system in B-cell depleted lymphoma patients, with subsequent exacerbation of the inflammatory response and dysfunctional interferon signaling at the time of clinical deterioration of COVID-19. Longitudinal immune cell profiling and functional in vitro assays showed SARS-CoV-2-specific CD8+ and CD4+ T-effector cell responses. Finally, we observed long-term detection of SARS-CoV-2 in respiratory specimens (median 84 versus 12 d) and an inability to mount lasting SARS-CoV-2 antibody responses in B-cell depleted lymphoma patients. In summary, we identified clinically relevant particularities of COVID-19 in lymphoma patients receiving B-cell depleting immunochemotherapies.

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