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J Med Internet Res ; 23(10): e28613, 2021 10 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1417034


BACKGROUND: As a distributed technology, blockchain has attracted increasing attention from stakeholders in the medical industry. Although previous studies have analyzed blockchain applications from the perspectives of technology, business, or patient care, few studies have focused on actual use-case scenarios of blockchain in health care. In particular, the outbreak of COVID-19 has led to some new ideas for the application of blockchain in medical practice. OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to provide a systematic review of the current and projected uses of blockchain technology in health care, as well as directions for future research. In addition to the framework structure of blockchain and application scenarios, its integration with other emerging technologies in health care is discussed. METHODS: We searched databases such as PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, IEEE, and Springer using a combination of terms related to blockchain and health care. Potentially relevant papers were then compared to determine their relevance and reviewed independently for inclusion. Through a literature review, we summarize the key medical scenarios using blockchain technology. RESULTS: We found a total of 1647 relevant studies, 60 of which were unique studies that were included in this review. These studies report a variety of uses for blockchain and their emphasis differs. According to the different technical characteristics and application scenarios of blockchain, we summarize some medical scenarios closely related to blockchain from the perspective of technical classification. Moreover, potential challenges are mentioned, including the confidentiality of privacy, the efficiency of the system, security issues, and regulatory policy. CONCLUSIONS: Blockchain technology can improve health care services in a decentralized, tamper-proof, transparent, and secure manner. With the development of this technology and its integration with other emerging technologies, blockchain has the potential to offer long-term benefits. Not only can it be a mechanism to secure electronic health records, but blockchain also provides a powerful tool that can empower users to control their own health data, enabling a foolproof health data history and establishing medical responsibility.

Blockchain , COVID-19 , Confidentiality , Data Management , Electronic Health Records , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
Intell Med ; 1(1): 16-18, 2021 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1293861


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) made a huge effect globally. With the assistance of mixed reality (MR) technology, complicated clinical works became easier to carry out and the condition had been greatly improved with high-tech advantages such as improved convenience, better understanding and communication, higher security, and medical resource saving. This study aimed to introduce one kind of MR application in the fight against COVID-19 and anticipate more feasible smart healthcare applications to enhance our strength for the final victory.