Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 6 de 6
Filter
1.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; : 1-11, 2022 Mar 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1735393

ABSTRACT

Before the rise of SARS-CoV-2, emergence of different coronaviruses such as SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV has been reported that indicates possibility of the future novel pathogen from the coronavirus family at a pandemic level. In this context, explicit studies on identifying inhibitors focused on the coronavirus life cycle, are immensely important. The main protease is critical for the life cycle of coronaviruses. Majority of the work done on the inhibitor studies on the catalytically active dimeric SARS-CoV-2 main protease (Mpro), primarily focussed on the catalytic site of a single protomer, with a few targeting the dimeric site. In this study, we have exploited the FDA-approved drugs, for a computational drug repurposing study against the Mpro. A virtual screening approach was employed with docking and molecular dynamics (MD) methods. Out of 1576, FDA-approved compounds, our study suggests three compounds: netupitant, paliperidone and vilazodone as possible inhibitors with a potential to inhibit both sites (monomeric and dimeric) of the Mpro. These compounds were found to be stable during the MD simulations and their post simulation binding energies were also correlated for both the targeted sites, suggesting equal binding capacity. This unique efficiency of the reported compounds might support further experimental studies on developing inhibitors against SARS-CoV-2 main protease.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

2.
Chem Phys Lett ; 770: 138446, 2021 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1086868

ABSTRACT

SARS-CoV-2 has posed global challenge for healthcare due to COVID-19. The main protease (Mpro) of this virus is considered as a major target for drug development efforts. In this work, we have used virtual screening approach with molecular dynamics simulations to identify high affinity and low molecular weight alternatives of boceprevir, a repurposed drug currently being evaluated against Mpro. Out of 180 compounds screened, two boceprevir analogs (PubChem ID: 57841991 and 58606278) were reported as potential alternatives with comparable predicted protease inhibitor potential and pharmacological properties. Further experimental validation of the reported compounds may contribute to the ongoing investigation of boceprevir.

3.
Mol Divers ; 25(3): 1905-1927, 2021 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1083522

ABSTRACT

The importance of the main protease (Mpro) enzyme of SARS-CoV-2 in the digestion of viral polyproteins introduces Mpro as an attractive drug target for antiviral drug design. This study aims to carry out the molecular docking, molecular dynamics studies, and prediction of ADMET properties of selected potential antiviral molecules. The study provides an insight into biomolecular interactions to understand the inhibitory mechanism and the spatial orientation of the tested ligands and further, identification of key amino acid residues within the substrate-binding pocket that can be applied for structure-based drug design. In this regard, we carried out molecular docking studies of chloroquine (CQ), hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), remdesivir (RDV), GS441524, arbidol (ARB), and natural product glycyrrhizin (GA) using AutoDock 4.2 tool. To study the drug-receptor complex's stability, selected docking possesses were further subjected to molecular dynamics studies with Schrodinger software. The prediction of ADMET/toxicity properties was carried out on ADMET Prediction™. The docking studies suggested a potential role played by CYS145, HIS163, and GLU166 in the interaction of molecules within the active site of COVID-19 Mpro. In the docking studies, RDV and GA exhibited superiority in binding with the crystal structure of Mpro over the other selected molecules in this study. Spatial orientations of the molecules at the active site of Mpro exposed the significance of S1-S4 subsites and surrounding amino acid residues. Among GA and RDV, RDV showed better and stable interactions with the protein, which is the reason for the lesser RMSD values for RDV. Overall, the present in silico study indicated the direction to combat COVID-19 using FDA-approved drugs as promising agents, which do not need much toxicity studies and could also serve as starting points for lead optimization in drug discovery.


Subject(s)
Absorption, Physicochemical , COVID-19/drug therapy , Coronavirus 3C Proteases/antagonists & inhibitors , Drug Repositioning , Molecular Docking Simulation , Molecular Dynamics Simulation , SARS-CoV-2/enzymology , Antiviral Agents/chemistry , Antiviral Agents/metabolism , Antiviral Agents/pharmacology , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Coronavirus 3C Proteases/chemistry , Coronavirus 3C Proteases/metabolism , Protein Conformation , SARS-CoV-2/drug effects
4.
Front Chem ; 8: 595273, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1069717

ABSTRACT

The recent pandemic outbreak of COVID-19, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), raised global health and economic concerns. Phylogenetically, SARS-CoV-2 is closely related to SARS-CoV, and both encode the enzyme main protease (Mpro/3CLpro), which can be a potential target inhibiting viral replication. Through this work, we have compiled the structural aspects of Mpro conformational changes, with molecular modeling and 1-µs MD simulations. Long-scale MD simulation resolves the mechanism role of crucial amino acids involved in protein stability, followed by ensemble docking which provides potential compounds from the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) database. These lead compounds directly interact with active site residues (His41, Gly143, and Cys145) of Mpro, which plays a crucial role in the enzymatic activity. Through the binding mode analysis in the S1, S1', S2, and S4 binding subsites, screened compounds may be functional for the distortion of the oxyanion hole in the reaction mechanism, and it may lead to the inhibition of Mpro in SARS-CoV-2. The hit compounds are naturally occurring compounds; they provide a sustainable and readily available option for medical treatment in humans infected by SARS-CoV-2. Henceforth, extensive analysis through molecular modeling approaches explained that the proposed molecules might be promising SARS-CoV-2 inhibitors for the inhibition of COVID-19, subjected to experimental validation.

5.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; 39(15): 5706-5721, 2021 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-629310

ABSTRACT

The current pandemic SARS-CoV-2 has wreaked havoc in the world, and neither drugs nor vaccine is available for the treatment of this disease. Thus, there is an immediate need for novel therapeutics that can combat this deadly infection. In this study, we report the therapeutic assessment of azurin and its peptides: p18 and p28 against the viral structural S-protein and non-structural 3CLpro and PLpro proteins. Among the analyzed complexes, azurin docked relatively well with the S2 domain of S-protein compared to the other viral proteins. The derived peptide p18 bound to the active site domain of the PLpro protein; however, in other complexes, lesser interactions were recorded. The second azurin derived peptide p28, fared the best among the docked proteins. p28 interacted with all the three viral proteins and the host ACE-2 receptor by forming several electrostatic and hydrogen bonds with the S-protein, 3CLpro, and PLpro. MD simulations indicated that p28 exhibited a strong affinity to S-protein and ACE-2 receptor, indicating a possibility of p28 as a protein-protein interaction inhibitor. Our data suggest that the p28 has potential as an anti-SARS-CoV-2 agent and can be further exploited to establish its validity in the treatment of current and future SARS-CoV crisis.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.


Subject(s)
Azurin , COVID-19 , Bacterial Proteins , Humans , Molecular Docking Simulation , Molecular Dynamics Simulation , Peptides , SARS-CoV-2
6.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; 39(9): 3428-3434, 2021 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-154869

ABSTRACT

The 2019-novel coronavirus (nCoV) has caused a global health crisis by causing coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic in the human population. The unavailability of specific vaccines and anti-viral drug for nCoV, science demands sincere efforts in the field of drug design and discovery for COVID-19. The novel coronavirus main protease (SARS-CoV-2 Mpro) play a crucial role during the disease propagation, and hence SARS-CoV-2 Mpro represents as a drug target for the drug discovery. Herein, we have applied bioinformatics approach for screening of chemical compounds from Indian spices as potent inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 main protease (PDBID: 6Y84). The structure files of Indian spices chemical compounds were taken from PubChem database or Zinc database and screened by molecular docking, by using AutoDock-4.2, MGLTools-1.5.6, Raccoon virtual screening tools. Top 04 hits based on their highest binding affinity were analyzed. Carnosol exhibited highest binding affinity -8.2 Kcal/mol and strong and stable interactions with the amino acid residues present on the active site of SARS-CoV-2 Mpro. Arjunglucoside-I (-7.88 Kcal/mol) and Rosmanol (-7.99 Kcal/mol) also showed a strong and stable binding affinity with favourable ADME properties. These compounds on MD simulations for 50 ns shows strong hydrogen-bonding interactions with the protein active site and remains stable inside the active site. Our virtual screening results suggest that these small chemical molecules can be used as potential inhibitors against SARS-CoV-2 Mpro and may have an anti-viral effect on nCoV. However, further validation and investigation of these inhibitors against SARS-CoV-2 main protease are needed to claim their candidacy for clinical trials.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Humans , Molecular Docking Simulation , Peptide Hydrolases , Protease Inhibitors/pharmacology , SARS-CoV-2 , Spices
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL