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Value in Health ; 26(6 Supplement):S302-S303, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20239589


Objectives: To provide an overview of trends in the current evidence landscape of products and services in development that support remote patient monitoring (RPM) and remote therapeutic monitoring (RTM), given the release of new billing codes for RPM and RTM by Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) in 2019. Method(s): A focused literature review was conducted in PubMed. Articles published between January 1, 2013 and January 1, 2023 were eligible for inclusion if reported technologies were classified as RPM (defined as the collection and interpretation of physiologic data digitally stored and/or transmitted by patients and/or caregivers to qualified health care professionals) or RTM (defined as the use of medical devices to monitor a patient's health or response to treatment using non-physiological data), following CMS definitions. RPM and RTM technologies included hardware, software, telehealth, and blockchain applications. Articles were then categorized using a semi-automated software platform (AutoLit, Nested Knowledge, St. Paul, MN) based on disease area, study design, intervention, and outcomes studied. Result(s): Of the 673 records screened, 245 articles were included. Observational studies (19.6%) were the most common study design, followed by systematic or focused literature reviews (11.0%) and narrative reviews (10.6%). The most common disease areas included cardiology (25.7%), coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19;13.9%), and diabetes (9.4%). The most frequent clinical, non-clinical, and patient-reported outcomes were symptom monitoring (20.8%), all cause readmission and hospitalization rates (both 7.3%), and patient experience (7.8%), respectively. Conclusion(s): CMS policy and coding practices for RPM and RTM are evolving, and this trend is likely to continue into the future. This review provides details on the current evidence trends associated with RPM/RTM technologies. Evidence development of RPM and RTM should be assessed as evidence needs for coverage and reimbursement may receive increased payer management.Copyright © 2023