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Revista de Bioetica y Derecho ; - (57):15-32, 2023.
Article in French | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2314228


Telemedicine has existed since the 1980s and puts a patient in contact with a doctor or health professional at a distance who exchanges digital data using computer tools. The Ordre des Médecins considers that new technologies facilitate access to care and specialised expertise, even if it goes against fundamental ethical principles. It is a substitute for the traditional medical act, and one must question its relevance and whether the conditions of implementation bring a benefit to the patient. During the COVID-19 epidemic, the conditions for telemedicine were relaxed and the health insurance system facilitated its reimbursement in a derogatory manner. Healthcare professionals, healthcare institutions and patients were able to appreciate the new possibilities offered by telemedicine and recognize its limitations. However, safety is not the main concern of patients, who make extensive use of IT tools to surf the Internet and consider remote medicine as an easily accessible exercise without knowing its limits. They do not distinguish between medically supervised clinical telemedicine and e-health services offered over the Internet, which are commercial wellness offerings. In this presentation, we will first describe the evolution of telemedicine, which has long been implemented in France in various forms, and then the spectacular development of teleconsultations during the COVID-19 epidemic, the beneficial consequences of which allow better accessibility and reimbursement by social security. Copyright © 2023 Anne-Marie Duguet.

Ethics Med Public Health ; 18: 100659, 2021 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1279626


The concomitance of a migratory wave and the hospital crisis once again raises the question of the care that the French healthcare system is able to provide to migrants. On the occasion of SFFEM's 19th annual day, we present a synthesis of the research work that has been communicated at that time. Firstly, we will discuss how doctors have been able to overcome strangeness to revive the notion of hospitality according to Levinas; secondly, we will discuss how the hospital is departing from its mission of institutional hospitality because of administrative injunctions; thirdly, we will discuss how ethnomedicine gives us keys to open up to other cultural norms; fourthly, we will see the inadequacy that exists between rights of access to medical care and their effectiveness; finally, the conclusion of Xavier Emmanuelli, founder of the social ambulance service, will remind us how much the values of the French Republic call us to the notion of care and openness to otherness.