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1.
Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences ; 7(2):145-155, 2022.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2026648

ABSTRACT

Many pandemic diseases have emerged in the history and millions of people affected from these diseases. Among the marked pandemics in history, the plague, known as the black death, was recorded to cause the death of 17-54% of the world population. Similar to previous pandemics, as the SARS CoV-2, which emerged in 2019 and belonged to the coronavirus family, caused an epidemic and turned into a pandemic infection, positive cases were detected in more than 483 million people, and more than 6.1 million people died. While this emerging epidemic is still continuing its effects, it has been determined that there are positive cases in pets such as dogs and cats, especially in mink (Neovison vison). Especially in Denmark, Netherlands and Finland, positive animals for COVID-19 were accepted. Unlike the pandemic until today, the COVID-19 has spread to broader geographies and affected many animal species. With the reports that the SARS-CoV-2 - was first transmitted from bats to humans, this viral agent has been accepted as zoonotic, but a complete transmission route has not been shown for its transmission from other animals to humans except bats. It is reported that there is no significant risk of transmission of the virus, which is transmitted primarily by the respiratory route, from both pets and edible foods to humans. Although there are many reports in terrestrial animals, studies on the presence of SARS-CoV-2 - in aquatic animals or aquatic environments and COVID-19 transmission in aquatic animals have doubts. Here we reviewed the viability of the SARS-CoV-2 - in the aquatic environment, transmission to the aquatic ecosystem and aquatic animals, and therefore the risks to humans through water or aquatic products.

2.
Turkiye Klinikleri Pediatri ; 31(2):85-92, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1964354

ABSTRACT

Objective: To reveal how the coronavirus disease- 2019 pandemic has affected the characteristics of patient visits by comparing profiles in a pediatric emergency department (ED). Material and Methods: The period between March 11, 2020, and June 1, 2020, and the same timeframe in 2019 were retrospectively evaluated. For each day, the total number of ED visits was calculated. Patient gender, age, time of ED visit, triage priority, arrival characteristics, diagnostic codes, and hospital admissions for each day's visits were recorded and the proportion was calculated for each parameter. Results: During the study period, ED visits declined by 80.8% in comparison to the previous year. In terms of diagnoses, in 2020, there was a decrease in the mean daily number and proportion of patients diagnosed with infectious diseases (p<0.05). In terms of traumatic injuries, there was a decrease in the number of visits in 2020, but the overall rate had increased, being 14.7% in 2019 and 18.4% in 2020. There was a decrease in the rate of visitors with green codes (p<0.001), but there was an increase in yellow codes (p<0.001) and no difference in red codes (p= 0.980). The proportion of hospitalizations also increased while the total number declined (p<0.05). Conclusion: During the pandemic period, our pediatric ED experienced a significantly decreased volume of visitors presenting with low-acuity conditions. Understanding the frequency and distribution of ED visits can help shape public health preparedness policies such as healthcare planning to ensure the availability of resources. Copyright © 2022 by Türkiye Klinikleri.

3.
Turk Geriatri Dergisi ; 25(2):291-300, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1957659

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The purpose of this research was to determine the individual factors that predict the subjective memory complaints of older adults during the Covid-19 pandemic. Materials and Method: The sample of the study consisted of 356 older adults aged between 60 and 88 years (x̄= 67.03, SD = 5.72). Subjective Memory Complaints Questionnaire, Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form, The Scale of Loneliness for the Elderly, Quality of Life Scale in Older People, and SocioDemographic Information Form were administered to the participants. In order to examine the relationships among the variables, correlation analysis was performed. In addition, a hierarchical regression analysis was conducted to determine the variables predicting subjective memory complaints. Results: The subjective memory complaints of this age group were found to be positively related to depression and loneliness levels, while they were discovered to be negatively associated with quality of life. The results of hierarchical regression analysis indicated that each of the variables of gender, perceived socioeconomic status, loneliness, quality of life, and depression included in the analysis at different steps were a significant predictors of subjective memory complaints. Conclusion: Our results showed that there is a need for interventions that will expand social support networks, improve quality of life, and reduce depression levels in order to prevent subjective memory complaints of elderly individuals during the Covid-19 pandemic.

4.
SPORMETRE The Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences ; 19(4):218-229, 2021.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1772194

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 epidemic, which emerged in China at the end of December 2019 and spread all over the world and turned into a global pandemic, affected Turkey and the business processes of public institutions. The purpose of this study is to examine the pandemic process management practices of Kocaeli Provincial Directorate of Youth and Sports between March 2020 and January 2021. In the study, phenomenology design, one of the qualitative research methods, was used. While the employees of the provincial directorate constituted the population of the research, a total of 15 managers, five from each unit, formed the sample. These are semi-structured on the subject;Five questions were asked each on the theme of the effect of the epidemic on the institution, process applications, the convenience and difficulties encountered, the ability to work with other institutions, and process strategies. The answers received are shown in the tables. As a result of the study;As an institution, the Provincial Directorate and its units were adversely affected by this pandemic. While the sports activities of national athletes were carried out within the framework of legal regulations, the others could be done online. The dormitory services units, which faced the risk of loss of workforce and the risk of contamination, served the guests, health and military personnel from abroad. Support was given to municipalities and loyalty groups. It has been stated that rapid decision-making and implementation skills develop in crisis situations. As a result, the provincial directorate and its units were adversely affected by the pandemic. It has been tried to carry out online studies with people other than performance athletes. Dormitory units worked actively. In addition, it has been stated that all work will continue to be carried out within the framework of the measures.

5.
Cocuk Enfeksiyon Dergisi ; 15(4):236-239, 2021.
Article in Turkish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1650975

ABSTRACT

Objective: With the rapid spread of SARS-CoV-2, a new coronavirus, around the world, a pandemic was declared by World Health Organization on March 2020. The first cases were reported in March 2020 from Turkey. In our hospital, the first pediatric case was detected on April 2, 2020. However, there is no data on whether this virus had been present in our region or not before this date. The aim of our study was to de-termine the first entry of SARS-CoV-2 virus to our region for pediatric patients. Material and Methods: SARS-CoV-2 positivity was investigated retro-spectively with the RT-qPCR method in the pediatric respiratory tract specimens taken between the October 1, 2019 and March 31, 2020. In the specimens, SARS-CoV-2 RNA was studied using real-time PCR based “COVID-19 RT-qPCR Detection Kit”. Results: 886 samples were included in the study. Of the respiratory tract specimens, 97.1% were nasopharyngeal swabs, 2.8% were bronchoal-veolar lavage. Most frequently, rhinovirus (28.6%), influenza A subtype H1N1 (pandemic H1N1) (18.5%) and influenza B (16%) were detected. Rhinovirus and enterovirus were the most frequent double agents seen together. No SARS-CoV-2 positivity was detected in the respiratory tract specimens studied. Conclusion: SARS-CoV-2 PCR test was conducted in a limited number of centers at the beginning of the pandemics may have affected the detection of the first case in Turkey. Multicenter studies of archived samples would enable more realistic results in tracking SARS-CoV-2 in our country.

6.
Journal of Liver Transplantation ; : 100051, 2021.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1474864

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic strongly affected organ procurement and transplantation in France, despite the intense efforts of all participants in this domain. In 2020, the identification and procurement of deceased donors fell by 12% and 21% respectively, compared with the mean of the preceding 2 years. Similarly, the number of new registrations on the national waiting list declined by 12% and the number of transplants by 24%. The 3-month cumulative incidence of death or drop out for worsening condition of patients awaiting a liver transplant was significantly greater in 2020 compared to the previous 2 years. Continuous monitoring at the national level of early post-transplant outcomes showed no deterioration for any organ in 2020. At the end of 2020, less than 1% of transplant candidates and less than 1% of graft recipients — of any organ — had died of COVID-19.

7.
Milli Folklor ; 2020(127):59-71, 2020.
Article in Turkish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-824581

ABSTRACT

Much information has been shared on both social media and other communication channels about the virus epidemic called Covid-19, which is commonly known in Turkey as "koronavirüs". A lot of this information is based on sources and reports that should be considered “fake news” because they are simply not based on reality or facts. Information sources and reports such as these share many similarities with myths, urban legends, gossip, and rumors in terms of their structural units and fictiveness. While it may seem to most people that so far “modern man” has found technological solutions to most of the problems faced in everyday life, they still appear to turn to the familiar “primitive” attitudes when faced with unresolved “novel” problems, which have led to the rise of such false or unsubstantiated narratives we now see regarding the Coronavirus. Therefore, one can say there is a continuous production of texts about the source/origin of an unknown problem similar to creation myths or other narratives based on beliefs. Unlike the mythical era, these texts are spread globally very rapidly through social media channels. Additionally, once passed from the various media sources to the public ear, these reports become “stories” the people tell each other in daily life. And the main purpose of the narrators and listeners is to try to understand the unknown. In this context, Coronavirus is not only a subject studied by sciences, but also becomes a subject which must be analyzed by such disciplines that aim to understand human behavior, especially psychology and anthropology. When it comes to fake news and other narratives about the Coronavirus, a folklore-centered study is also imperative due to their kinship with traditional narratives. There-fore, in this study, myths, urban legends, rumors, and fake news about the virus are evaluated in terms of the motivating factor and other reasons behind the creation and emergence of the reports, the effective factors in the process of the spread of reports, and the general characteristics and functions of the reports. Accordingly, it is possible to state that the main purpose of this essay is to try to determine the origin of the urban legends about Coronavirus. In addition, another purpose of the present study is to discuss the reasons why these legends spread and gained awareness in a very short time. The legends analyzed in this study were compiled through a field research. However, the classical methods were not used in this field-work;instead, a new compilation method was carried out on the internet, the main medium where these legends are spread, in 2020 March, April and May. For this;Google Trends, Twitter Trend Topics and hashtags and Facebook hashtags have been used. Based on this survey, the most shared and "believed" urban legends about Coronavirus were determined as samples of this study, and various rumors and gossips emerged during this process were also used to support this sample. © 2020, Milli Folklor Dergisi. All rights reserved.

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