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27th Annual Americas Conference on Information Systems, AMCIS 2021 ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1513632


An online survey (N=709) explores correlates of use of new online meetings and changes in use of social media during early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic in the U.S.A. The motivation for this study is that the pandemic presented an opportunity to assess the degree of use of online communication technologies when faced with new risks and other options are severely limited. The survey context was set by first probing worries about the virus and the degree of social distancing being practiced. Coping mechanisms reported included connecting more with friends and family on social media, including about 2/3 who had joined an activity that moved online during social distancing. Extent of social distancing and age were significantly related to degree of online engagement in a new meeting activity during the early stages of the pandemic. Age and gender were significantly related to changes in level of use of social media. © AMCIS 2021.

Multiple Sclerosis Journal ; 27(2 SUPPL):271-272, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1496034


Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on research and health care in MS. This study-within-atrial (SWAT) takes place within a host trial investigating the feasibility of the Cognitive-Occupation-Based programme for people with MS (COB-MS) that was originally designed to be delivered in-person but was amended to an online environment. As such, reliable remote cognitive testing could provide safer and more convenient care for MS patients. Aims: The SWAT examines the reliability of delivering the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for MS (BICAMS) and the Trail-Making Test (TMT) remotely to people with MS. Objectives: Performance on BICAMS measures and the TMT administered remotely are compared with performance on tests administered in-person. BICAMS measures include the California Verbal Learning Test, Second Edition (CVLT-II), the Symbol Digit Modality Test (SDMT) and the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised (BVMT-R). Method: Independent samples t-tests were conducted on a sample of 68 participants to investigate differences in performance between Group 1 (11 males, 23 females), who were visited by a research assistant in their homes before the pandemic and Group 2 (10 males, 24 females) who received online testing only via teleconference platform Zoom. Within-group differences for Group 1 who also received virtual testing after a six-month interval were also examined. Results: The analysis revealed no significant differences in scores between virtual and in-person administrations of the CVLT-II, TMT and SDMT. Strong positive correlations were found for inperson and virtual tests within Group 1 after a six-month interval on the CVLT-II, SDMT, TMT-A and TMT-B. BVMT-R scores were significantly higher for virtual testing (M = 20.59, SD = 6.65) compared to in-person testing (M = 16.35, SD = 6.05). However, this discrepancy may be attributed to inter-rater differences, rather than enhanced performance for online testing. In-person and virtual assessments within Group 1 were also strongly correlated (r = .72). Conclusions: The findings support the reliability of remote administration of BICAMS and the TMT in people living with MS.