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1.
J Biol Rhythms ; : 7487304221100951, 2022 Jun 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1902252

ABSTRACT

To examine whether immunization time affects the immune responses elicited by the BNT162b2 COVID-19 vaccine, we investigated the possible association between total SARS-CoV-2 spike protein receptor binding domain (TAbs-RBD) and neutralizing (NAbs-RBD) antibodies with vaccination time. A cohort of 468 healthcare workers (mean age [±SD]: 48 [±13] years), were included in the study. One month after the second dose, healthcare workers who were vaccinated between 1500-2200 h had higher TAbs-RBD compared to 0700-1100 h and 1100-1500 h (p = 0.006). One month after the third dose, healthcare workers who were vaccinated between 0700-1100 h and 1500-2200 h had significantly higher TAbs-RBD compared to 1100-1500 h (p = 0.034). However, no association of NAbs-RBD with vaccination time was detected after each of the 3 doses (p > 0.4). Despite the possible effect of BNT162b2 vaccination time in TAbs-RBD levels, possibly due to rhythmic expression of clock genes, neutralizing activity was not associated with vaccination time and, therefore, further investigation is required.

2.
J Cyst Fibros ; 21(3): e184-e187, 2022 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1873121

ABSTRACT

Data regarding immunogenicity of SARS-CoV-2 BNT162b2 vaccine in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients are limited. We prospectively measured total (TAbs-RBD; U/ml) and neutralizing (NAbs-RBD; %) antibodies of SARS-CoV-2 spike-receptor binding domain (RBD) protein in 33 CF patients and 66 healthy controls with median age (IQR): 19.6 (17.6-24.3) years and 31 (29-36) years, respectively and investigated possible associations with epidemiological and clinical parameters. Compared to healthy controls, CF patients had higher levels of TAbs-RBD and NAbs-RBD after both doses (P-value < 0.001). One month after the second dose, CF patients and controls had TAbs-RBD: median (IQR): 3396 (2443) and 1452 (1231) U/ml, respectively. Similarly, the NAbs-RBD (%) were: 97.30 (1.00) and 95.70 (3.71) %, respectively. CF patients also had fewer local and systemic adverse events (AEs) (P-value < 0.001). Among CF patients, no significant differences in immunogenicity were detected regarding the phenotype, genotype, medications, or severity of the disease. BNT162b2 vaccine was immunogenic with limited reactogenicity in CF patients regardless of the phenotype or severity of disease.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Cystic Fibrosis , Vaccines , Adolescent , Antibodies, Viral , BNT162 Vaccine , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Cystic Fibrosis/epidemiology , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Young Adult
3.
J Med Virol ; 94(5): 2174-2180, 2022 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1640752

ABSTRACT

Limited prospective serosurveillance data in children regarding severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection have been reported. We prospectively investigated SARS-CoV-2 seropositivity in children during a 16-month period of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, including the four waves of the pandemic, before SARS-CoV-2 adolescents' vaccination. Serum samples from children admitted to the major tertiary Greek pediatric hospital for any cause, except for COVID-19 infection, were randomly collected from 05/2020 to 08/2021. The study period was divided into four 4-month periods representing relevant epidemic waves. Total SARS-CoV-2 antibodies for nucleocapsid protein were determined using the Elecsys® Anti-SARS-CoV-2 reagent. A total of 3099 children (0-16 years) were included in the study. A total of 344 (11.1%) seropositive children were detected (males: 205 [59.5%]; median age [interquartile range [IQR]]: 3 years [0.6-10]). Seropositivity rates (%) increased during the four 4-month periods: 1.4%, 8.6%, 17.2%, and 17.6%, respectively. A correlation of seropositivity rates in children with new diagnosed SARS-CoV-2 cases in the community was detected. No significant differences were detected between males and females. Seropositivity was significantly higher in hospitalized than in nonhospitalized children and in non-Greek compared to Greek children (p < 0.001). The lowest seropositivity rate before school opening (9/2021) was detected in the age groups 6-12 years (14.4%) and 12-16 years (16.1%). However, compared with the other age groups, the lowest median antibody titers were observed in children 0-1 year (median [IQR]: 13.9 cut-off index: [4.5-53.9] [p < 0.001]). Although the seropositivity of children was related to the community epidemic waves, the exposure was limited. Low seropositivity rates in school-age children support the need for SARS-CoV-2 immunization.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Adolescent , Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Prospective Studies , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Vaccination
4.
Vaccine ; 39(40): 5963-5967, 2021 09 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1595993

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Data regarding the association of antibody levels elicited after immunization with the BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine with epidemiological and clinical parameters are limited. METHODS: We prospectively measured the total (TAbs-RBD) and the neutralizing antibodies (NAbs-RBD) against the receptor binding domain (RBD) of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein in a cohort of 268 Healthcare workers before immunization, 20 days after the 1st dose and 30 days after the 2nd dose of the BNT162b2 vaccine. A statistical analysis for possible association of antibodies' levels with epidemiological and clinical parameters was performed. RESULTS: The mean age (±SD) of the participants was 45.45 years (±11.93) (range: 24-70 years) and 211 (79.9%) were females. Statistically significant differences were detected regarding both TAbs-RBD and NAbs-RBD between the first and second doses of the vaccine (P < 0.001). The median (IQR) percentage (%) of NAbs-RBD after the 1st dose was 51.07% (31.60%) and after the 2nd dose 95.31% (3.70%) (P < 0.001). The correlation between the TAbs-RBD and NAbs-RBD was after the 1st dose, Spearman's, rho: 0.861 (P < 0.001) and after the 2nd dose rho: 0.989 (P < 0.001). Twenty days after the 1st dose, 56/264 (21.2%) of the participants had low levels of NAbs-RBD, while one month after the 2nd dose all of them had protective levels of NAbs-RBD. After the 2nd vaccine dose, a statistically significant negative association of TAbs-RBD was detected for age (P < 0.001), smoking (P = 0.011), and immunosuppressive medications (P < 0.001), while a positive association was detected for BMI (P = 0.004) and systemic adverse events after immunization (P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: A significant correlation of TAbs-RBD and NAbs-RBD was detected after both vaccine doses. Older age, smoking, and immunosuppressive medications negatively affected the final antibody level after SARS-CoV-2 immunization. Our findings emphasize the significance of the 2nd vaccine dose especially in the older age groups.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Viral/immunology , COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Adult , Aged , Antibodies, Neutralizing/immunology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/immunology , Female , Humans , Immunization , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/immunology , Young Adult
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