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1.
Transl Behav Med ; 12(9): 945-955, 2022 10 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2062986

ABSTRACT

Our objective was to systematically adapt Interrupting Prolonged sitting with ACTivity (InPACT), a classroom-based physical activity intervention, for home delivery to equitably increase access to structured youth physical activity opportunities during the COVID-19 pandemic. Key steps in the rapid-cycle research adaptation process included: (Step 1) identifying partner organizations; (Steps 2 and 3) engaging in problem and knowledge exploration to examine the problem from different perspectives; (Steps 4 and 5) initiating solution development and testing by selecting an intervention and adapting the format and content for home delivery. Using Rapid RE-AIM to guide online assessment and refinement of InPACT at Home; and (Step 6) utilizing dissemination strategies to extend the reach of the program. Core elements of the InPACT program that were retained included: the use of exercise videos, maintenance of the intervention dose, and teacher-led physical activities. Key adaptations included: utilization of physical education specialists to develop the exercise videos, incorporation of health messaging in videos, and utilization of dissemination strategies (intervention website) to reach K-12 students across the state. Intervention website reach included all 83 counties in Michigan, but goals were not met for website pageviews (5,147; 85% of goal) and video view duration (7 min 19 sec; 37% of goal). Accordingly, dissemination was expanded to include public television broadcasting (monthly viewers: 500,000) and videos were shortened to 8 minutes. Dissemination and implementation science frameworks guided the rapid adaptation of an existing intervention, InPACT, to equitably increase access to structured youth physical activity opportunities at home during the pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Health Promotion , Adolescent , COVID-19/prevention & control , Exercise , Humans , Pandemics/prevention & control , Physical Education and Training
2.
Front Public Health ; 10: 959567, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2022984

ABSTRACT

Responding rapidly to emerging public health crises is vital to reducing their escalation, spread, and impact on population health. These responses, however, are challenging and disparate processes for researchers and practitioners. Researchers often develop new interventions that take significant time and resources, with little exportability. In contrast, community-serving systems are often poorly equipped to properly adopt new interventions or adapt existing ones in a data-driven way during crises' onset and escalation. This results in significant delays in deploying evidence-based interventions (EBIs) with notable public health consequences. This prolonged timeline for EBI development and implementation results in significant morbidity and mortality that is costly and preventable. As public health emergencies have demonstrated (e.g., COVID-19 pandemic), the negative consequences often exacerbate existing health disparities. Implementation science has the potential to bridge the extant gap between research and practice, and enhance equity in rapid public health responses, but is underutilized. For the field to have a greater "real-world" impact, it needs to be more rapid, iterative, participatory, and work within the timeframes of community-serving systems. This paper focuses on rapid adaptation as a developing implementation science area to facilitate system responses during public health crises. We highlight frameworks to guide rapid adaptation for optimizing existing EBIs when responding to urgent public health issues. We also explore the economic implications of rapid adaptation. Resource limitations are frequently a central reason for implementation failure; thus, we consider the economic impacts of rapid adaptation. Finally, we provide examples and propose directions for future research and application.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Implementation Science , COVID-19/prevention & control , Humans , Pandemics , Public Health
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