Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 3 de 3
Add filters

Document Type
Year range
Mathematics ; 10(19):3614, 2022.
Article in English | MDPI | ID: covidwho-2066232


The world is still trying to recover from the devastation caused by the wide spread of COVID-19, and now the monkeypox virus threatens becoming a worldwide pandemic. Although the monkeypox virus is not as lethal or infectious as COVID-19, numerous countries report new cases daily. Thus, it is not surprising that necessary precautions have not been taken, and it will not be surprising if another worldwide pandemic occurs. Machine learning has recently shown tremendous promise in image-based diagnosis, including cancer detection, tumor cell identification, and COVID-19 patient detection. Therefore, a similar application may be implemented to diagnose monkeypox as it invades the human skin. An image can be acquired and utilized to further diagnose the condition. In this paper, two algorithms are proposed for improving the classification accuracy of monkeypox images. The proposed algorithms are based on transfer learning for feature extraction and meta-heuristic optimization for feature selection and optimization of the parameters of a multi-layer neural network. The GoogleNet deep network is adopted for feature extraction, and the utilized meta-heuristic optimization algorithms are the Al-Biruni Earth radius algorithm, the sine cosine algorithm, and the particle swarm optimization algorithm. Based on these algorithms, a new binary hybrid algorithm is proposed for feature selection, along with a new hybrid algorithm for optimizing the parameters of the neural network. To evaluate the proposed algorithms, a publicly available dataset is employed. The assessment of the proposed optimization of feature selection for monkeypox classification was performed in terms of ten evaluation criteria. In addition, a set of statistical tests was conducted to measure the effectiveness, significance, and robustness of the proposed algorithms. The results achieved confirm the superiority and effectiveness of the proposed methods compared to other optimization methods. The average classification accuracy was 98.8%.

IEEE Access ; 9: 36019-36037, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1129416


The chest X-ray is considered a significant clinical utility for basic examination and diagnosis. The human lung area can be affected by various infections, such as bacteria and viruses, leading to pneumonia. Efficient and reliable classification method facilities the diagnosis of such infections. Deep transfer learning has been introduced for pneumonia detection from chest X-rays in different models. However, there is still a need for further improvements in the feature extraction and advanced classification stages. This paper proposes a classification method with two stages to classify different cases from the chest X-ray images based on a proposed Advanced Squirrel Search Optimization Algorithm (ASSOA). The first stage is the feature learning and extraction processes based on a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) model named ResNet-50 with image augmentation and dropout processes. The ASSOA algorithm is then applied to the extracted features for the feature selection process. Finally, the Multi-layer Perceptron (MLP) Neural Network's connection weights are optimized by the proposed ASSOA algorithm (using the selected features) to classify input cases. A Kaggle chest X-ray images (Pneumonia) dataset consists of 5,863 X-rays is employed in the experiments. The proposed ASSOA algorithm is compared with the basic Squirrel Search (SS) optimization algorithm, Grey Wolf Optimizer (GWO), and Genetic Algorithm (GA) for feature selection to validate its efficiency. The proposed (ASSOA + MLP) is also compared with other classifiers, based on (SS + MLP), (GWO + MLP), and (GA + MLP), in performance metrics. The proposed (ASSOA + MLP) algorithm achieved a classification mean accuracy of (99.26%). The ASSOA + MLP algorithm also achieved a classification mean accuracy of (99.7%) for a chest X-ray COVID-19 dataset tested from GitHub. The results and statistical tests demonstrate the high effectiveness of the proposed method in determining the infected cases.

IEEE Access ; 8: 179317-179335, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-900797


Diagnosis is a critical preventive step in Coronavirus research which has similar manifestations with other types of pneumonia. CT scans and X-rays play an important role in that direction. However, processing chest CT images and using them to accurately diagnose COVID-19 is a computationally expensive task. Machine Learning techniques have the potential to overcome this challenge. This article proposes two optimization algorithms for feature selection and classification of COVID-19. The proposed framework has three cascaded phases. Firstly, the features are extracted from the CT scans using a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) named AlexNet. Secondly, a proposed features selection algorithm, Guided Whale Optimization Algorithm (Guided WOA) based on Stochastic Fractal Search (SFS), is then applied followed by balancing the selected features. Finally, a proposed voting classifier, Guided WOA based on Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), aggregates different classifiers' predictions to choose the most voted class. This increases the chance that individual classifiers, e.g. Support Vector Machine (SVM), Neural Networks (NN), k-Nearest Neighbor (KNN), and Decision Trees (DT), to show significant discrepancies. Two datasets are used to test the proposed model: CT images containing clinical findings of positive COVID-19 and CT images negative COVID-19. The proposed feature selection algorithm (SFS-Guided WOA) is compared with other optimization algorithms widely used in recent literature to validate its efficiency. The proposed voting classifier (PSO-Guided-WOA) achieved AUC (area under the curve) of 0.995 that is superior to other voting classifiers in terms of performance metrics. Wilcoxon rank-sum, ANOVA, and T-test statistical tests are applied to statistically assess the quality of the proposed algorithms as well.