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1.
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction ; 16(2):158-175, 2022.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1957618

ABSTRACT

These days, anticoagulants are in great demand. They are used as a prophylaxis for thromboembolic complications in various diseases and conditions in general therapeutic practice, cardiology, neurology, as well as obstetrics to manage high-risk pregnancies. The relevance of anticoagulants competent use has come to the fore in connection with the emergence of a new disease – COVID-19 and its serious complications such as developing thrombotic storm, in which the timely applied anticoagulant therapy is the key to the success of therapy. The risk of bleeding should be considered when using any anticoagulant. Age, impaired renal function and concomitant use of antiplatelet agents are common risk factors for bleeding. Moreover, only vitamin K antagonists and heparin have specific antidotes – vitamin K and protamine, respectively. Inhibitors of other anticoagulants are universal presented as inactivated or activated prothrombin complex concentrate and recombinant factor VIIa. Hemodialysis effectively reduces dabigatran concentration, activated charcoal is effective in the case of recent oral administration of lipophilic drugs. Research on new antidotes of currently available anticoagulants is under way, similar to testing of new types of anticoagulants that are sufficiently effective in preventing and treating thromboembolic complications with minimal risk of hemorrhagic. The main contraindication to anticoagulants use is the doctor's ignorance of the mechanisms of drug action and opportunities for suppressing its effect.

2.
Thrombosis Update ; 6, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1829604

ABSTRACT

Cancer patients exhibit an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), with VTE being the second leading cause of morbidity and mortality in these patients. The implementation of lockdowns following the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in decreased mobility and delayed access to care, thus further increasing the susceptibility to VTE. Cancer patients may also be at a higher risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection and have been shown to be more likely to experience severe COVID-19 disease compared to patients without cancer. Given that both cancer and COVID-19 exhibit a hypercoagulable state, stasis of blood flow, and endothelial injury, cancer patients with COVID-19 constitute a vulnerable population with a high risk of thrombosis and bleeding. However, to date there are limited studies evaluating whether cancer patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 have a higher VTE incidence than COVID-19 patients without cancer, how to assess the risk of VTE, prophylaxis and treatment in this special population. Herein, we highlight the urgent need for studies in cancer patients with COVID-19 to ensure appropriate patient care and improve clinical outcomes. © 2022 The Authors

3.
Blood ; 138:3207, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1736286

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 has been associated with hypercoagulability, endothelial cell injury and frequent thrombotic complications resulting both from direct effects of the virus on the endothelium and from the ‘cytokine storm’ resulting from the host's immune response. Since the COVID-19 vaccines have been shown to effectively prevent symptomatic infection including hospital admissions and severe disease, the risk of COVID-19-related thrombosis should be expected to (almost) disappear in vaccinated individuals. However, some rare cases of venous thrombosis have been reported in individuals vaccinated with mRNA vaccines. Thus, there is a sharp contrast between the clinical or experimental data reported in the literature on COVID-19 and on the rare thrombotic events observed after the vaccination with these vaccines. This phenomenon raised some scepticism of even some fear about the safety of these vaccines which could compromise the adhesion of the citizens in the vaccination program. Aims: We conducted a prospective observational study, to explore the impact of vaccination with the BNT162b2 (Pfizer/BioNTech) on blood hypercoagulability and endothelial cell activation and to investigate if this is modified by the presence of active cancer. Methods: In total 229 subjects were prospectively included in the study from April to June 2021. Subjects were stratified in three predefined groups: 127 vaccinated patients with active cancer (VOnco group), 72 vaccinated health care workers (VHcw group) and 30 non vaccinated health individuals (Control group). Blood samples were obtained 2 days after the administration of the first dose of BNT162b2 vaccine and collected in Vacutainer® tubes (0.109 mol/L trisodium citrate). Platelet poor plasma (PPP) was prepared by double centrifugation at 2000 g for 20 minutes at room temperature and plasma aliquots were stored at -80°C until assayed. Samples of PPP were assessed for thrombin generation (TG) with PPP-Reagent® (Thrombogram-Thrombinoscope assay with PPP-Reagent®TF 5pM), E-selectin, D-dimers, (D-Di), Tissue Factor (TFa), procoagulant phospholipid-dependent clotting time (Procag-PPL) and von Willebrand factor (vWF), thrombomodulin (TM), tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI), and platelet factor 4 (PF4). All assays were from Diagnostica Stago (France). The upper and lower normal limits (UNL and LNL) for each biomarker were calculated by the mean±2SD for the control group. Results: All vaccinated subjects showed significantly increased levels of PF4 (71% >UNL, p<0.001), D-Dimers (74% >UNL, p<0.01), vWF (60% >UNL, p<0.01), FVIII (62% >UNL, p<0.01) and shorter Procoag-PPL clotting time (96% <LNL, p<0.001), as compared to controls. Thrombin generation showed significantly higher Peak (60% >UNL, p<0.01), ETP (38% >UNL, p<0.01) and MRI (66% >UNL, p<0.01) but no differences in lag-time in vaccinated subjects as compared to the control group. Vaccinated subjects did not show any increase at the levels of TFa, TFPI, TM and E-selectin in comparison with the control group. The studied biomarkers were not significantly different between the VOnco and VHcw groups. Conclusion: The ROADMAP-COVID-19-Vaccine study shows that administration of the first dose of the BNT162b2 vaccine induced significant platelet activation documented by shorter Procoag-PPL associated with increased levels of PF4. Plasma hypercoagulability was less frequent in vaccinated individuals whereas there was no evidence of significant endothelial cells activation after vaccination. Interestingly, the presence of active cancer was not associated with an enhancement of platelet activation, hypercoagulability, or endothelial cell activation after the vaccination. Probably, the generated antibodies against the spike protein or lead to platelet activation in a FcyRIIa dependent manner that results in PF4 release. The implication of the mild inflammatory reaction triggered by the vaccination could be another possible pathway leading to platelet activation. Nevertheless, vaccination does not provoke endothelial activation even n patients with cancer. The findings of the ROADMAP-COVID-19-Vaccine study support the concept administration of mRNA based vaccines does not directly cause a systematic hypercoagulability. Disclosures: Gligorov: Roche-Genentech: Research Funding;Novartis: Research Funding;Onxeo: Research Funding;Daichi: Research Funding;MSD: Research Funding;Eisai: Research Funding;Genomic Heatlh: Research Funding;Ipsen: Research Funding;Macrogenics: Research Funding;Pfizer: Research Funding. Terpos: Novartis: Honoraria;Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding;Genesis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding;Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding;BMS: Honoraria;Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding;Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding;Sanofi: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding;GSK: Honoraria, Research Funding. Dimopoulos: Amgen: Honoraria;BMS: Honoraria;Janssen: Honoraria;Beigene: Honoraria;Takeda: Honoraria.

4.
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction ; 15(6):726-737, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1703937

ABSTRACT

A novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) causing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is largely associated with various coagulopathies, which can lead to either bleeding and thrombocytopenia or hypercoagulation and thrombosis. Thrombohemorrhagic complications also could accompany the development of cancer process. In addition, circulating inflammatory biomarkers such as fibrin, D-dimer, P-selectin and von Willebrand factor (vWF) typical to both coronavirus infection and malignancy process are of special interest. In this review, we discuss potential interplay between COVID-19 and cancer related to endothelial dysfunction, platelets, and systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Most importantly, patients should be treated in early stage of the disease process when elevated levels of fibrinogen, D-dimer, vWF, and P-selectin are observed. The level of these markers will rise rapidly upon disease progression, followed by a cytokine storm, would evidence about a poor prognosis. © 2021 IRBIS LLC. All Rights Reserved.

5.
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction ; 15(6):639-657, 2021.
Article in Russian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1698694

ABSTRACT

As shown by numerous studies conducted during the pandemic, the severe course of COVID-19 is accompanied by multiple organ failure. Cytokine storm, hypercoagulation, complement hyperactivation and other arms comprise the overall picture of the pathogenesis of the severe disease course. The frequent diagnosis of multiple microvascular thrombosis in lung, heart, and kidneys, as well as the presence of platelet-fibrin thrombi there and signs of terminal organ damage, suggest a possible involvement of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) in the development of multiple organ failure. In this regard, it is especially important to timely diagnose TMA and start pathogenetic therapy. These measures can significantly reduce mortality due to the novel disease. Heparins and direct oral anticoagulants are the mainstay for prevention and treatment of venous thromboembolism in patients with COVID-19, but their effectiveness in the presence of TMA is questionable. It has been proven that anticoagulants use in critically ill patients with COVID-19 for prevention of large vessel thrombosis is effective, but their role in the prevention of microthrombosis is not clear. Here we review the currently available information on thrombotic microangiopathy, as well as a review of literature data describing TMA-like conditions in COVID-19, discuss potential pathophysiology of the condition development and proposed therapeutic approaches. © Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction 2021.

6.
Blood ; 138:2121, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1582406

ABSTRACT

Background: In some patients, SARS-CoV-2 infection induces cytokine storm, hypercoagulability and endothelial cell activation leading to worsening of COVID-19, intubation and death. Prompt identification of patients at risk of intubation or death is un unmet need. Objective: To derive a prognostic score for the risk of intubation or death in patients with critical COVID-19 by assessing biomarkers of hypercoagulability, endothelial cell activation and inflammation and a large panel of clinical analytes. Methods: We conducted a prospective, observational monocentric study enrolling 118 patients with COVID-19 admitted in the intensive care unit. At the 1st day of ICU admission all patients were assessed for the following biomarkers : protein C, protein S, antithrombin, D-Dimer, fibrin monomers, factors VIIa, V, XII, XII, VIII, von Willebrand antigen, fibrinogen, procoagulant phospholipid dependent clotting time, TFPI, thrombomodulin, P-selectin, heparinase, microparticles exposing tissue factor, IL-6, complement C3a, C5a, thrombin generation, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, hemogram, platelet count) and clinical predictors. The clinical outcomes were intubation and mortality during hospitalization in ICU. Results: The intubation and mortality rate were 70 % and 18% respectively. Multivariate analysis led to the derivation of the COMPASS- COVID19-ICU score composed of P-Selectin, D-Dimer, free TFPI, TF activity, IL-6 and FXII, age and duration of hospitalization. The score predicted the risk of intubation or death with high sensitivity and specificity (0.90 and 0.92, respectively). Conclusions and Relevance: Critical COVID-19 is related with severe endothelial cell activation and hypercoagulability orchestrated in the context of inflammation. The COMPASS-COVID19-ICU score is an accurate predictive model for the evaluation of the risk of mechanical ventilation and death in patients with critical COVID-19. The assessment with the COMPASS- COVID-19-ICU score is feasible in tertiary hospitals. In this context it could be placed in the diagnostic procedure of personalized medical management and prompt therapeutic intervention. Disclosures: Terpos: Novartis: Honoraria;Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding;Genesis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding;Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding;BMS: Honoraria;Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding;Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding;Sanofi: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding;GSK: Honoraria, Research Funding. Dimopoulos: Amgen: Honoraria;BMS: Honoraria;Takeda: Honoraria;Beigene: Honoraria;Janssen: Honoraria.

7.
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction ; 15(5):562-572, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1551950

ABSTRACT

After the vaccination campaign initiation in Europe and the UK, reports of rare cases of atypical thrombosis, including sinus vein thrombosis and splanchnic venous thrombosis, began to appear in association with the use of AstraZeneca (ChAdOx1) and J&J/Janssen adenovirus vector vaccines. The syndrome called VITT (vaccine-induced immune thrombotic thrombocytopenia) is manifested as thrombosis simultaneously with decreased platelet count, significantly increased D-dimer levels and detected anti-factor 4 platelet (PF4) antibodies. We present a detailed review on the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical picture, diagnostics and treatment of VITT, which by its nature is an immune complication similar to the processes occurring in heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). All international and national organizations and regulatory authorities, including experts in the field of thrombosis and hemostasis and the VITT expert council recommend continuing the prompt mass vaccination against COVID-19 as the only method able to reduce the incidence of severe cases, stop the spread of COVID-19 infection and emergence of new dangerous mutations in the viral genome. Failure to vaccinate poses an incomparably greater risk of fatal thrombotic and inflammatory complications associated with infections, compared with the risks of extremely rare adverse events that can occur after vaccination. It should be noted that information on VITT, described as a sporadic phenomenon of abnormal immune response to some variants of vaccines against COVID-19, cannot be translated to other vaccines (including those registered in the Russian Federation) and, moreover, cannot be a reason to refuse their administration. © 2021 Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction. All rights reserved.

8.
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction ; 15(5):499-514, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1551949

ABSTRACT

The rate of thrombosis and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) has been increasing in COVID-19 patients. Key features related to such condition include minimal or no risk of bleeding, moderate thrombocytopenia, high plasma fibrinogen as well as increased complement components level in the areas of thrombotic microangiopathy. The clinical picture is not typical for classic DIC. This review systematizes the pathogenetic mechanisms of hypercoagulation in sepsis and its extreme forms in patients with COVID-19. The latter consist of the thrombosis-related immune mechanisms, the complement activation, the macrophage activation syndrome, the formation of antiphospholipid antibodies, the hyperferritinemia, and the dysregulation of the renin-angiotensin system. Taking into consideration the pathogenetic mechanisms, the biomarkers had been identified related to the prognosis of the disease development. Patients with pre-existing cardiovascular disease and other risk factors, including obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and aging pose the peak risk of dying from COVID-19. We also summarize new data on platelet and endothelial dysfunction, immunothrombosis, and, as a result, thrombotic storm as essential components of COVID-19 severe features. © 2021 Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction. All rights reserved.

9.
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction ; 15(4):404-414, 2021.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1449370

ABSTRACT

Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune process that increases the risk of arterial and venous thrombosis. The mechanism of damage to the central nervous system (CNS) can be not only due to thrombosis, but also antiphospholipid antibodies (APA) circulating in the peripheral blood. The latter can damage the cerebral vascular endothelium, alter the resistance of the blood-brain barrier and penetrate into the central nervous system, exerting a damaging effect on astroglia and neurons, as evidenced by the release of neurospecific proteins into the peripheral bloodstream. The role of APS in developing cerebral ischemia, migraine, epilepsy, chorea, transverse myelitis, multiple sclerosis, cognitive impairment and mental disorders, as well as the peripheral nervous system is described. It should also be noted about a role of APS for emerging neurological disorders in COVID-19, enabled apart from thrombogenesis due to APA via 2 potential mechanisms - molecular mimicry and neoepitope formation. Further study of the APS pathogenesis and interdisciplinary interaction are necessary to develop effective methods for patient management.

10.
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction ; 15(4):335-350, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1449369

ABSTRACT

Numerous studies have proven a close relationship between inflammatory diseases and the state of hypercoagulability. In fact, thromboembolic complications represent one of the main causes of disability and mortality in acute and chronic inflammatory diseases, cancer and obstetric complications. Despite this, the processes of hemostasis and immune responses have long been considered separately;currently, work is underway to identify the molecular basis for a relationship between such systems. It has been identified that various pro-inflammatory stimuli are capable of triggering a coagulation cascade, which in turn modulates inflammatory responses. Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are the networks of histones of extracellular DNA generated by neutrophils in response to inflammatory stimuli. The hemostasis is activated against infection in order to minimize the spread of infection and, if possible, inactivate the infectious agent. Another molecular network is based on fibrin. Over the last 10 years, there has been accumulated a whole body of evidence that NETs and fibrin are able to form a united network within a thrombus, stabilizing each other. Similarities and molecular cross-reactions are also present in the processes of fibrinolysis and lysis of NETs. Both NETs and von Willebrand factor (vWF) are involved in thrombosis as well as inflammation. During the development of these conditions, a series of events occurs in the microvascular network, including endothelial activation, NETs formation, vWF secretion, adhesion, aggregation, and activation of blood cells. The activity of vWF multimers is regulated by the specific metalloproteinase ADAMTS-13 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with a thrombospondin type 1 motif, member 13). Studies have shown that interactions between NETs and vWF can lead to arterial and venous thrombosis and inflammation. In addition, the contents released from activated neutrophils or NETs result in decreased ADAMTS-13 activity, which can occur in both thrombotic microangiopathies and acute ischemic stroke. Recently, NETs have been envisioned as a cause of endothelial damage and immunothrombosis in COVID-19. In addition, vWF and ADAMTS-13 levels predict COVID-19 mortality. In this review, we summarize the biological characteristics and interactions of NETs, vWF, and ADAMTS-13, the effect of NETs on hemostasis regulation and discuss their role in thrombotic conditions, sepsis, COVID-19, and obstetric complications.

11.
Vestnik Rossiiskoi Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk ; 76(3):268-278, 2021.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1411069

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a viral infection that, in severe course, leads to the development of a cytokine storm, systemic inflammatory response and coagulopathy. Unlike other sepsis-associated disseminated intravascular coagulopathy, COVID-19 induced coagulopathy is realized mainly in thrombosis. Researchers around the world are currently developing adequate diagnostic, monitoring and anticoagulant therapy approaches to safely and effectively manage patients with severe COVID-19. The need to develop laboratory monitoring is due to the fact that 20% of patients have changes in hemostasis indicators, while in patients with a severe form of the disease, they are present in 100% of cases. In case of deaths from COVID-19, there is an increase in the concentration of D-dimer and fibrinogen degradation products. Thus, the severity of hemostasis disorders has an important prognostic value. Anticoagulant therapy is included in the list of all recommendations as an effective means of reducing mortality from COVID-19. The questions of the recommended groups and doses of anticoagulant drugs are still open. The approach to the choice of an anticoagulant should be based not only on risk factors, characteristics of the course of the disease, anamnesis, but also on the wishes of the patient during long-term therapy at the post-hospital stage.

12.
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction ; 15(3):295-312, 2021.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1344586

ABSTRACT

Our knowledge regarding chemical structure and properties of heparin and its derivatives, including biological properties in blood plasma, on the cell surface and while interacting with receptors, has been progressively growing. New insights are followed by the expansion of therapeutic opportunities and indications for the use of heparins. There are prerequisites for the creation of new generation drugs with modified properties that reduce a bleeding risk while applied for a non-anticoagulant goal. The non-anticoagulant heparin properties allow to consider it as a candidate for pathogenetic treatment of patients with COVID-19. This review focuses on the anticoagulant and non-anticoagulant heparin properties as well as the underlying molecular mechanisms.

15.
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction ; 14(2):132-147, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-842276

ABSTRACT

The pandemic of a novel coronavirus infection COVID-19 has become a real challenge to the mankind and medical community and has raised a number of medical and social issues. Based on the currently available information on COVID-19 clinical cases, it follows that COVID-19 patients in critical condition exhibit a clinical picture of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), septic shock with developing multiple organ failure, which justifies use of anticoagulant therapy in COVID-19 patients. In addition to isolating virus RNA from biological material and polymerase chain reaction diagnostics, use of simple and easily accessible laboratory blood markers is necessary for management of COVID-19 patients. If the activation of coagulation processes is sufficient enough, consumption of platelets and blood clotting factors can be diagnosed by laboratory methods as prolongation of routine blood clotting tests and increasing thrombocytopenia. Hyperfibrinogenemia, increased D-dimer level, prolonged prothrombin time, thrombocytopenia, lymphopenia, leukocytopenia, increased concentration of interleukin-6 and ferritin are observed in most COVID-19 patients. The degree of increase in these changes correlates with severity of the inflammatory process and serves as a prognostically unfavorable sign. Here we discuss value of laboratory monitoring playing an essential role in such pathological crisis that contributes to patient screening, diagnosis as well as further monitoring, treatment and rehabilitation.

16.
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction ; 14(2):159-162, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-841227

ABSTRACT

Dear editors of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction Journal! Due to the particular urgency of the problem of managing patients with a new coronavirus infection (COVID-19), we are sending a letter outlining our position on this issue.

17.
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction ; 14(2):123-131, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-841175

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by the beta-coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 that in 2020 has spread worldwide. In most severe patients, the clinical picture begins with respiratory failure further deteriorating up to multiple organ failure. Development of coagulopathy is the most adverse prognostic. Analyzing currently available clinical data revealed that 71.4 % and 0.6 % of survivors and fatal cases, respectively, demonstrated signs of overt disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). Monitoring D-dimer level, prothrombin time, platelet count and fibrinogen content is important for determining indications for treatment and hospitalization in COVID-19 patients. In case such parameters deteriorate, a more pro-active “aggressive” intensive care should be applied. Low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) should be administered to all patients with diagnosed COVID-19 infection (including non-critical patients) requiring hospitalization, but having no contraindications to LMWH.

18.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; 35(13): 2536-2544, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-632431

ABSTRACT

For last months, humanity has faced a formidable unknown enemy, which is presented as a new coronavirus infection. Despite the fact that the causative agents of new diseases appear at a certain frequency and that the virus SARS-CoV-2 has certain common properties with its predecessors, at the moment we are dealing with a new unknown pathogenesis of the development of severe complications in patients with risk factors. A final understanding of pathological process mechanisms is the goal of the scientific community. Summarizing research data from different countries, it became obvious that in severe cases of viral infection, we are dealing with a combination of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome, disseminated intravascular coagulation and thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). Thrombotic microangiopathy is represented by a group of different conditions in which thrombocytopenia, hemolytic anemia, and multiple organ failure occur. The article reflects the main types of TMA, pathogenesis and principles of therapy. The main participants in the process are described in detail, including the von Willebrand factor and ADAMTS-13. Based on the knowledge available, as well as new data obtained from patients with COVID-19, we proposed possible models for the implementation of conditions such as sepsis, TMA, and DIC in patients with severe new coronavirus infection. Through a deeper understanding of pathogenesis, it will be possible to develop more effective diagnosis and therapy.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation , Thrombotic Microangiopathies , COVID-19/complications , Dacarbazine , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation/diagnosis , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , SARS-CoV-2 , Thrombotic Microangiopathies/diagnosis , Thrombotic Microangiopathies/etiology , Thrombotic Microangiopathies/therapy
19.
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction (AGR - E-Journal) / Акушерство, Гинекология и Репродукция (АГР) ; 2020.
Article in Russian | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-71662

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by the beta coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, which became widespread worldwide in 2020. In most severe patients, the clinical picture begins with respiratory failure, then progressing to polyorgan failure. The most adverse prognostic sign is the development of coagulopathy. Based on the analysis of clinical data available to date, 71.4% of those who died and 0.6% of those who survived showed signs of explicit disseminated intravascular coagulation syndrome (DIC-syndrome). Monitoring of D-dimer, prothrombin time (PT), platelet and fibrinogen count are important for determining treatment and indications for hospitalization among patients with COVID-19. If these parameters deteriorate, more "aggressive" intensive care should be performed. Lowmolecular weight heparin (LMWH) should be administered to all patients with diagnosed COVID-19 infection (including non-critical patients) who require hospitalization if these patients have no contraindications for LMWH. ;COVID-19 – инфекционное заболевание, вызываемое бета- коронавирусом SARS-CoV-2, которое получило распространение по всему миру в 2020 году. У большинства тяжелых пациентов клиническая картина начинается с дыхательной недостаточности, в последующем прогрессирующей вплоть до полиорганной недостаточности. Самым неблагоприятным прогностическим признаком является развитие коагулопатии. На основании анализа доступных на сегодняшний день клинических данных у 71,4% погибших и у 0,6% выживших имелись признаки явного ДВС-синдрома. Мониторинг D-димера, протромбинового времени (ПВ), количества тромбоцитов и фибриногена важен для определения показаний к назначению лечения и госпитализации у пациентов с COVID-19. При ухудшении этих параметров должна проводиться более «агрессивная» реанимационная помощь. Низкомолекулярный гепарин (НМГ) следует назначать всем пациентам с диагностированной инфекцией COVID-19 (включая некритических больных), которым требуется госпитализация, при отсутствии у данных больных противопоказаний к НМГ.

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