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Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 17: 2791-2799, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36339246


Purpose: Similar to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the diffusing capacity of the lung (DLCO) might be decreased and associated with poor prognosis in preserved ratio impaired spirometry (PRISm), a clinical entity as a prodromal phase of COPD. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the distributions of DLCO and to assess the association between DLCO and mortality among subjects with PRISm. Patients and Methods: We conducted an observational cohort study at the National Hospital Organization Fukuoka National Hospital. We classified the 899 patients ≥ 40 years of age with an assessment of DLCO into five groups based on spirometry: preserved spirometry, PRISm, mild COPD, moderate COPD, and severe/very severe COPD. The prevalence of low DLCO (< 80% per predicted) was compared among the five groups. Using PRISm patients with follow-up data, we further investigated the association of low DLCO with all-cause mortality. Results: The prevalence of low DLCO in the PRISm group (58.8%) was significantly higher than that in the preserved-spirometry group (21.8%), the mild-COPD group (23.5%), and the moderate-COPD group (36.0%) (all P < 0.01), and it was comparable to that in the severe/very severe-COPD group (63.2%). The results remained unchanged after adjusting for potential confounders. Among the PRISm subjects, the overall survival rate was significantly lower in the low-DLCO group than in the preserved-DLCO group (P < 0.01). The multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for all-cause mortality was significantly higher in the low-DLCO group than in the preserved-DLCO group (HR = 10.10 (95% confidence interval 2.33-43.89)). Conclusion: Diffusing capacity was more impaired in PRISm subjects than in those with preserved spirometry or mild to moderate COPD. Regarding PRISm, low DLCO was a significant risk factor for all-cause mortality. Clinicians should assess DLCO in the management of PRISm to predict the future risk of overall death.

Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Humans , Cohort Studies , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/diagnosis , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/epidemiology , Prognosis , Pulmonary Diffusing Capacity , Spirometry/methods , Lung , Forced Expiratory Volume
BMC Pulm Med ; 22(1): 22, 2022 Jan 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35016668


BACKGROUND: Asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap (ACO) patients experience exacerbations more frequently than those with asthma or COPD alone. Since low diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) is known as a strong risk factor for severe exacerbation in COPD, DLCO or a transfer coefficient of the lung for carbon monoxide (KCO) is speculated to also be associated with the risk of exacerbations in ACO. METHODS: This study was conducted as an observational cohort survey at the National Hospital Organization Fukuoka National Hospital. DLCO and KCO were measured in 94 patients aged ≥ 40 years with a confirmed diagnosis of ACO. Multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for the exacerbation-free rate over one year were estimated and compared across the levels of DLCO and KCO. RESULTS: Within one year, 33.3% of the cohort experienced exacerbations. After adjustment for potential confounders, low KCO (< 80% per predicted) was positively associated with the incidence of exacerbation (multivariable-adjusted HR = 3.71 (95% confidence interval 1.32-10.4)). The association between low DLCO (< 80% per predicted) and exacerbations showed similar trends, although it failed to reach statistical significance (multivariable-adjusted HR = 1.31 (95% confidence interval 0.55-3.11)). CONCLUSIONS: Low KCO was a significant risk factor for exacerbations among patients with ACO. Clinicians should be aware that ACO patients with impaired KCO are at increased risk of exacerbations and that careful management in such a population is mandatory.

Asthma/physiopathology , Carbon Monoxide/physiology , Forced Expiratory Volume , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/physiopathology , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Japan , Lung/physiopathology , Male , Middle Aged , Respiratory Function Tests , Risk Factors , Severity of Illness Index
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 1240, 2021 Dec 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34893021


BACKGROUND: Clarification of the risk factors for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) severity is strongly warranted for global health. Recent studies have indicated that elevated body mass index (BMI) is associated with unfavorable progression of COVID-19. This is assumed to be due to excessive deposition of visceral adipose tissue (VAT); however, the evidence investigating the association between intra-abdominal fat and COVID-19 prognosis is sparse. We therefore investigated whether measuring the amount of intra-abdominal fat is useful to predict the prognosis of COVID-19. METHODS: The present study enrolled 53 consecutive cases of COVID-19 patients aged ≥ 20 years with chest computed tomography (CT) scans. The VAT area, total adipose tissue (TAT) area, and VAT/TAT ratio were estimated using axial CT images at the level of the upper pole of the right kidney. Severe COVID-19 was defined as death or acute respiratory failure demanding oxygen at ≥ 6 L per minute, a high-flow nasal cannula, or mechanical ventilation. The association of VAT/TAT with the incidence of progression to a severe state was estimated as a hazard ratio (HR) using Cox regression analysis. To compare the prediction ability for COVID-19 disease progression between BMI and VAT/TAT, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of each was assessed. RESULTS: A total of 15 cases (28.3% of the whole study subjects) progressed to severe stages. The incidence of developing severe COVID-19 increased significantly with VAT/TAT (HR per 1% increase = 1.040 (95% CI 1.008-1.074), P = 0.01). After adjustment for potential confounders, the positive association of VAT/TAT with COVID-19 aggravation remained significant (multivariable-adjusted HR = 1.055 (95% CI 1.000-1.112) per 1% increase, P = 0.049). The predictive ability of VAT/TAT for COVID-19 becoming severe was significantly better than that of BMI (AUC of 0.73 for VAT/TAT and 0.50 for BMI; P = 0.0495 for the difference). CONCLUSIONS: A higher ratio of VAT/TAT was an independent risk factor for disease progression among COVID-19 patients. VAT/TAT was superior to BMI in predicting COVID-19 morbidity. COVID-19 patients with high VAT/TAT levels should be carefully observed as high-risk individuals for morbidity and mortality.

COVID-19 , Intra-Abdominal Fat , Body Mass Index , Cohort Studies , Humans , Intra-Abdominal Fat/diagnostic imaging , Prognosis , SARS-CoV-2