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Open forum infectious diseases ; 8(Suppl 1):176-176, 2021.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1564679


Background The majority of human antimicrobial utilization occurs in the outpatient setting. Despite being mainly viral in etiology, upper respiratory tract infections (URIs) were the most common indication for outpatient antimicrobial prescriptions at our institution. Methods Through our electronic health record (EHR), we were able to determine our rate of antibiotic prescriptions for inappropriate URI diagnosis at our primary care practice sites. We selected staff volunteers from each our primary care practice sites to serve as stewardship champions. They were given training in stewardship best practices, and an URI stewardship toolkit which included viral URI prescription pad, EHR order panel, and patient education signage. They were tasked with providing education and feedback to their practice sites. We meet with them on a monthly basis to disseminate prescribing data and education. They also provided feedback from practice sites to the stewardship committee. Results Our decentralized model was put in place in November 2020. In the 6 months prior to the intervention, the average prescribing rate was 29.1%. In the 6 months after the intervention, the average prescribing rate decreased by 15% to 24.8%. During the intervention phase, there was an increase in number of non-COVID URIs diagnosed at our primary care sites. Temporal Trend in Inappropriate Antibiotics Prescribing Rates for Viral URIs Pre- and Post- Intervention Inappropriate antibiotic prescribing rate for viral upper respiratory tract infections from May 2020 until May 2021. Intervention started in December 2021 (arrow). Pre-intervention average was 29.1%. Post-intervention age was 24.8% which is a 15% decline in prescribing rate. Viral Upper Respiratory Infections Visits The total number of visits for presumed viral upper respiratory infections to primary care sites from May 2020 until May 2021. The majority of COVID-19 precautions in the area expired at the end of March 2021. Conclusion We have been able to lower our inappropriate prescriptions for URIs utilizing a decentralized model of stewardship champions. This result was especially notable as the intervention phase corresponded with the end of COVID-19 precautions and an increase in non-COVID URIs diagnosed. The advantage of this approach includes an advocate embedded at each practice site who is familiar with the opportunities and challenges of the site, and a two-way flow of information from practice sites to the stewardship committee. This model provided additional benefit during the COVID-19 pandemic as the ability of centralized staff to travel to off campus clinic sites was curtailed. Disclosures All Authors: No reported disclosures

Open forum infectious diseases ; 8(Suppl 1):S374-S375, 2021.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1564967


Background Treating COVID-19 infection in SOT is challenging due to long-term use of immunosuppressive agents. REM is the only FDA-approved anti-viral for SARS-COV-2 infection. DEX showed decrease in mortality in the Recovery Trial. COVID-19 treatment guidelines for SOT patients are the same as NTP despite limited literature on those outcomes. Our primary objective was to determine if 30-day mortality was different between SOT and NTP matched cohorts using these 2 drugs. The secondary objectives included comparisons of length of stay (LOS), days on mechanical ventilation (DMV), and the use of other treatment modalities. Methods We retrospectively collected data for hospitalized SOT and NTP, 18 years and older, with pcr-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection receiving REM and DEX from May 1, 2020, to October 10, 2020, at Mayo Clinic Florida. IRB approval was obtained. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data. Continuous variables were summarized as mean (standard deviation) or median (range) where appropriate, while categorical variables were reported as frequency (percentage). Results Of 80 patients who met the inclusion criteria, 28 were SOT, and 52 were NTP. The SOT cohort was subcategorized below:CharacteristicsNumber of SOT (n = 28)Transplant TypeKidney n (%)15 (53.7)Lung n (%)3 (10.7)Liver n (%)2 (7.1)Heart n (%)6 (21.4)Multi-organ n (%)2 (7.1) SOT patients were significantly younger than NTP (p < .001). Further, SOT patients had significantly longer LOS (p = 0.043) and more COVID-19 modalities (75% vs. 36.5%, p = 0.002) compared to NTP. Among the 28 SOT patients, 2 of them died within 30 days of admission, and among the 52 NTP patients, 7 of them died within 30 days. The 30-d survival estimate for SOT group is 92.9% (95% CI: 83.8% - 100.0%) and for NTP group is 86.5% (95% CI: 77.7% - 96.3%). The log-rank test was not significant between the groups (p=0.37), but the NTP has a worse survival curve from the figure below. SOT-NTP Survival Curve Conclusion SOT group was younger, had longer LOS, and more COVID-related modalities. The 30-d survival estimate for SOT group is 92.9% and for NTP group is 86.5%, but the survival curve for NTP was worse likely secondary to age. Use of REM & DEX in SOT recipients is a valid recommendation. Disclosures Claudia R. Libertin, MD, Gilead (Grant/Research Support)

Mayo Clin Proc ; 96(5): 1250-1261, 2021 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1219872


The administration of spike monoclonal antibody treatment to patients with mild to moderate COVID-19 is very challenging. This article summarizes essential components and processes in establishing an effective spike monoclonal antibody infusion program. Rapid identification of a dedicated physical infrastructure was essential to circumvent the logistical challenges of caring for infectious patients while maintaining compliance with regulations and ensuring the safety of our personnel and other patients. Our partnerships and collaborations among multiple different specialties and disciplines enabled contributions from personnel with specific expertise in medicine, nursing, pharmacy, infection prevention and control, electronic health record (EHR) informatics, compliance, legal, medical ethics, engineering, administration, and other critical areas. Clear communication and a culture in which all roles are welcomed at the planning and operational tables are critical to the rapid development and refinement needed to adapt and thrive in providing this time-sensitive beneficial therapy. Our partnerships with leaders and providers outside our institutions, including those who care for underserved populations, have promoted equity in the access of monoclonal antibodies in our regions. Strong support from institutional leadership facilitated expedited action when needed, from a physical, personnel, and system infrastructure standpoint. Our ongoing real-time assessment and monitoring of our clinical program allowed us to improve and optimize our processes to ensure that the needs of our patients with COVID-19 in the outpatient setting are met.

Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , COVID-19 , Critical Pathways , Home Infusion Therapy , SARS-CoV-2 , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus , Antibodies, Monoclonal/administration & dosage , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/therapy , Clinical Protocols , Critical Pathways/organization & administration , Critical Pathways/trends , Efficiency, Organizational , Home Infusion Therapy/methods , Home Infusion Therapy/standards , Humans , Intersectoral Collaboration , Organizational Culture , Program Development/methods , SARS-CoV-2/immunology , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Severity of Illness Index , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/antagonists & inhibitors , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/immunology , United States/epidemiology