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2.
Cocuk Enfeksiyon Dergisi ; 16(2):77-86, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2010458

ABSTRACT

Objective: Multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C) in children is a newly defined and serious health problem that develops after SARS-CoV-2 infection. Our aim is to report epidemiological, clinical, laboratory and radiological features of children with MIS-C. Material and Methods: Forty patients who applied to our hospital from October 2020 to February 2021 and met the MIS-C criteria were included in the study. Patients with gastrointestinal involvement (GIS), cardiac involvement and Kawasaki Disease (KD)-like MIS-C were examined clini-cally and laboratory. Results: The mean age of the patients was 8.2 ± 4.2 years and male patients were in the majority (70%). The most common symptoms were fe-ver (100%) and fatigue (90%). Gastrointestinal symptoms were present in 71%, cardiac involvement in %40, Kawasaki-like patients in %52.5, shock symptoms in 59%. Elevated levels of C-reactive protein, D-dimer, and ferritin were found in 100%, 97.5%, and 67.5% of the patients, respec-tively. Patients with cardiac involvement had higher mean age and lower lymphocyte levels. Shock findings were higher in patients with KD-like MIS-C. Also, INR and ferritin levels were higher in KD-like MIS-C patients (p= 0.028). The mean platelet count (p= 0.004) and albumin levels were lower (p= 0.048) in shock group. Conclusion: MIS-C is a hyperinflammatory syndrome with cardiac, GIS, and lung involvement. Cardiac findings were not common in patients presenting with KD-like MIS-C, but a poor prognosis was observed in KD-like MIS-C patients. Patients with cardiac involvement were older and their lymphocyte count was lower.

3.
Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine (Turkey) ; 38(2):125-131, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1224454

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, 2019 outbreak of coronavirus (Covid-19) spread all over the world as well as in Turkey. In this study, we aimed to investigate the clinical and laboratory effects of covid 19 disease on children. The epidemiological, laboratory, radiological, and treatment features of the 30 pediatric patients with covid-19 evaluated retrospectively. The median age of the patients was 10 years, boys and girls ratio was 1.5 (18/12). Of the patients, 80.7% had family contact and 11.5% had comorbidity. The most common symptom was fever (84.6%), and cough was the second frequency (57.7%). All patients except 1 patient had a mild course, 5 were asymptomatic. One patient needed intensive care who had underlying chronic disease. Neutropenia was the most common laboratory anomaly (36.6%). Increased D-dimer levels were observed in 9 patients (30%), decreased leukocyte was in 7 patients (23.3%) and increasedlactate dehydrogenaz level was in 8 patients (26.6%). Chest computed tomography was taken 14 patients who had an abnormal chest X-rays, and ground-glass opacities were seen in 6 patients (20%). Hydroxychlorachine, azithromycin and other antibiotic treatments were given to the necessary patients. The mean PCR negative time in the treated symptomatic group was 8.8 +5.34 day, while in the untreated asymptomatic group 12 + 5.19 day and there was no statistically significant difference (p=0.154). The correlation between PCR negative time and clinical, laboratory, and radiological findings was examined and no correlation was found. In conclusion, pediatric covid 19 is mostly transmitted by family contact and has a mild course if there is no underlying disease. The most common symptoms are fever and cough. Ground glass densities on lung tomography are similar to adult. More conservative approaches may be preferred in children.

4.
Cocuk Enfeksiyon Dergisi ; 14(4):e175-e180, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1110626

ABSTRACT

Objective: In the early stages of any epidemic caused by new emerging pathogens healthcare personnel is subject to a great risk. Pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2, proved to be no exception. Many healthcare workers died in the early stages of pandemic due to inadequate precautions and insufficient protection. It is essential to protect and maintain the safety of healthcare personnel for the confinement of pandemic as well as continuity of qualified healthcare services which is already under strain. Educating healthcare personnel on appropiate use of personal protective equipment (PPE) is as essential as procuring them. Material and Methods: A survey is conducted on 4927 healthcare personnel working solely with pediatric patients from 32 different centers. Education given on PPE usage were questioned and analyzed depending on age, sex, occupation and region. Results: Among four thousand nine hundred twelve healthcare personnel from 32 different centers 91% (n= 4457) received education on PPE usage. Of those who received education only 36% was given both theoretical and applied education. Although there was no differences among different occupation groups, receiving education depended on regions. Conclusion: It is essential to educate healthcare personnel appropiately nationwidely for the continuity of qualified healthcare services during the pandemic.

5.
Journal of Pediatric Infection ; 14(4):195-200, 2020.
Article in Turkish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1067892

ABSTRACT

Objective: In the early stages of any epidemic caused by new emerging pathogens healthcare personnel is subject to a great risk. Pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2, proved to be no exception. Many healthcare workers died in the early stages of pandemic due to inadequate precautions and insufficient protection. It is essential to protect and maintain the safety of healthcare personnel for the confinement of pandemic as well as continuity of qualified healthcare services which is already under strain. Educating healthcare personnel on appropiate use of personal protective equipment (PPE) is as essential as procuring them. Material and Methods: A survey is conducted on 4927 healthcare personnel working solely with pediatric patients from 32 different centers. Education given on PPE usage were questioned and analyzed depending on age, sex, occupation and region. Results: Among four thousand nine hundred twelve healthcare personnel from 32 different centers 91% (n=4457) received education on PPE usage. Of those who received education only 36% was given both theoretical and applied education. Although there was no differences among different occupation groups, receiving education depended on regions. Conclusion: It is essential to educate healthcare personnel appropiately nationwidely for the continuity of qualified healthcare services during the pandemic.

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