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Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise ; 23(2):178-184, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1622884


This cross-sectional study aimed to characterize the basic psychological needs of individuals participating in recreational exercises during coronavirus disease process (COVID-19) and to evaluate their level of happiness. A total of 182 adults (26 .. 6.13 years;50.5% male, 49.5 female) and individuals who attended private gyms during the pandemic process participated in the study. The demographic information form created by the researchers in the study, "Basic Psychological Needs in Exercise Scale" (31,32) and "Oxford Happiness Scale-Short Form" (18, 11) were used. As a result of the study, while there was no difference in the basic psychological needs scale (BPNES) and its sub-dimensions in exercise according to gender, a significant difference was found in favor of male participants (t = -4.344;p <0.01) in the happiness scale. When evaluated according to age, no significant difference was observed in the happiness scale, while a significant difference was found in the sufficiency and autonomy sub-dimensions of the BPNES in favor of 33 years and over compared to age 21 and below. As a result of this study, it has been revealed that autonomy and competence are the primary needs that motivate individuals to exercise during the pandemic period. It has been confirmed that especially adult groups attach greater importance to these needs. The importance of internal regulators in dealing with obstacles in the period when pandemic can be seen as an obstacle to participation in recreational exercise has been demonstrated.

Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences ; 15(6):2031-2034, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1399843


The aim of this study is to investigate the nutritional approaches of student athletes studying at the university during the coronavirus outbreak period. Participants consisted of students studying and doing sports at the University. 446 students, 246 males and 200 females, participated in the study. Besides the personal form, students were filled the questionnaire testing questionnaire. Students voluntarily participated. The surveys were done on social media. Nutritional habits questionnaire consists of 12 questions. In the preparation of the survey questions, the questions proved validity of the researches which have been done on the subject before have been used. SPSS 23.00 package program was used in statistical analyses. Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was performed to test whether the data was normally distributed and it was determined that the data showed normal distribution. Independent t-test, paired t-test, unidirectional variance analysis and LSD tests were used in statistical operations. There was no significant difference in students' nutrition approaches by gender, both in the pre-outbreak period and in the outbreak period points (p> 0.05). Nutrition scores were significantly increased during the outbreak period (p <0.001). A significant difference was found between the students who felt bad before the epidemic and those who felt well before the epidemic and their nutritional scores according to the levels they felt (p <0.05). A significant difference was found between the pre-outbreak period and post-epidemic nutrition scores of the sports faculty students (p <0.05). During the coronavirus epidemic, university student athletes have either increased their nutritional opportunities or have changed their eating habits positively to keep their immune systems strong or both. The fact that sports faculty students have better nutrition compared to other faculty students can be attributed to their taking courses in nutrition, health and similar. It is recommended to give lectures or seminars on nutrition to athlete students.