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1.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 62(5):1028-1039, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2164864

ABSTRACT

By December 2019, multiple cases of unexplained pneumonia were reported in some hospitals in the city of Wuhan, China. Since then, it had been confirmed that it corresponded to an acute respiratory infection caused by a new coronavirus that spread quickly, becoming pandemic in a very short time. On the other hand, this pandemic forced confinement for months, something unprecedented. In that time, millions of people went online for entertainment, education, etc. Consequently, the use of the Internet increased, bringing, on the one hand, online education, and entertainment on the Internet, ensuring social distancing;and on the other hand, it brought new new risks to human life, among them rumors. In this way and given the large number of publications that could denote the level of misinformation about COVID-19 and the impact it could have on global public health, various scientific publications were analyzed and identified from a bibliometric point of view. Potential relationships between the descriptors obtained from the bibliometric search were identified. The results were conglomerated into 5 clusters: Cluster 1, related to studies on access to information provided on COVID-19;cluster 2 shows the list of studies that have been carried out on the information on the COVID-19 vaccine, cluster 3 analyzes the different responses given by conspiracy theories, rumors and misinformation about COVID-19, the Group 4 shows cross-sectional and longitudinal research on COVID-19 and the information it provides to the health sector, and cluster 5 represents studies on scientific production and communication that have contributed to global health during the pandemic. © 2022 Instituto de Altos Estudios de Salud Publica. All rights reserved.

2.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):181-187, 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2033928

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has wreaked havoc in the lives of workers in different parts of the world. The instability inherent to this stage of health emergency has had repercussions on the mental health of this population. The aim was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a financial stress scale for Peruvian dependent workers. Observational, analytical, instrumental and cross-sectional study in 749 workers. An exploratory factor analysis (EFA), by unweighted least squares, was performed after analysis of Bartlett's test and the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin coefficient (KMO). The absolute and incremental goodness of fit was determined by means of the comparative fit index (CFI) and the Tucker-Lewis Index (TLI). A PFA was performed after analysis of the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin index (KMO = 0.903) and Bartlett's test of sphericity (1751.9;gl = 36;p < 0.001), which were adequate. The items converged into a single factor. The EFT-Cov19 correlated positively with the LABOR-PE (r = 0.564, p < 0.01) and with a medium effect size. The reliability of the EFT-Cov19 was calculated with Cronbach's a coefficient, obtaining an acceptable value (a = 0.896;95% CI = 0.88 - 0.90). In conclusion, the EFT-Cov19 scale is a valid, reliable and adequate scale to measure financial stress in dependent workers during the COVID-19 pandemic.

3.
Frontiers in Education ; 7, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2022673

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo examine the effect of family and academic satisfaction on the self-esteem and life satisfaction among Peruvian university students. MethodOf the 1,182 Peruvian university students who participated, 364 were male;and 818 were female;and ranged from 17 to 39 years of age (mean = 20.67, SD = 4.4). The family satisfaction scale (FSS), the Escala breve de satisfaccion con los estudios (EBSE;Brief Academic Satisfaction Scale in Spanish), Rosenberg's self-esteem scale (RSES), and the satisfaction with life scale (SWLS) were used to perform the assessments. ResultsThe study model showed an adequate fit (chi(2) 19.5, p < 0.001, CFI = 0.977, RMSEA = 0.057), confirming the association between family satisfaction and life satisfaction (beta = 0.26, p < 0.001) and self-esteem (beta = 0.35, p < 0.001), and the correlation between academic satisfaction and self-esteem (beta = 0.35, p < 0.001) and life satisfaction (beta = 0.23, p < 0.001). The model accounted for 42% of life satisfaction. ConclusionFamily satisfaction and academic satisfaction affect self-esteem and life satisfaction.

4.
Educacion Medica ; 23(3), 2022.
Article in English, Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1972051

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The advent of the COVID-19 pandemic has forced students to be able to adapt to new means of education. The closure of educational centers has generated a massive migration to virtuality and, often, neither the institutions nor the students were prepared for this modality. Objective: To validate a scale that measures the academic repercussions as a consequence of the measures taken by the pandemic among university students in 13 countries of Latin America. Methodology: Instrumental, analytical and cross-sectional study. The sampling was non-probabilistic and by convenience. Evaluations of form and substance were carried out. The substantive evaluation was carried out by expert judgment, and a small pilot was conducted to evaluate the form of the items. Results: In the substantive analysis, item 1 was the most relevant (V = 0.93;95% CI: 0.82-0.98), as was the case for representativeness and clarity. Furthermore, the preliminary analysis of the items shows that item 6 has the highest mean score (M = 2.67) and item 1 the lowest (M = 2.19). Regarding variability, item 4 (SD = 1.40) shows the greatest dispersion. The relevance of the exploratory factor analysis is justified by the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin coefficient (0.854) and Bartlett's test (17716.5;gl = 15;p = 0.000) being acceptable and significant. Conclusions: The REP-ACAD-COVID-19-LAT scale is a valid and reliable scale to measure the impact of virtuality in times of health emergency such as the COVID-19 pandemic. © 2022 The Authors

5.
Journal of Educational and Social Research ; 12(4):56-65, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1955586

ABSTRACT

Given the impact of COVID-19, teleworking has become an alternative work modality, so it is important to evaluate the scientific activity on the subject. Thus, the objective was to analyze the global scientific production on teleworking in times of COVID-19. Retrospective and descriptive study, whose unit of analysis was the publications on teleworking in journals indexed in the Scopus database between January 2020 and December 2021. The search was performed using the fields Article Title, s, Keywords, where 24 search terms were applied: teleworking, telecommuting, work from home, teleworking, telecommuting, work from home, online work, e-work, telecommuting, teletrabajo, trabado desde casa, trabajo online, e-trabajo, trabajo a distancia, teletrabalho, trabalho a partir de casa, trabalho em linha, trabalho electrónico, trabalho à distancia, and their relation with the term Covid-19. Likewise, 995 articles were found and 75.38% of them were original manuscripts. United States is the country with the largest scientific production with 21.21%. The Università degli Studi di Torino of Italy has published 10 papers and 80% of the articles on teleworking in times of COVID-19 have been published in quartile 1 and 2 journals. Teleworking in times of COVID-19 has been studied in several countries around the world as well as in different academic disciplines, which allows us to know progress on the subject, thereby generating policies and lines of research for the prevention of occupational hazards. © 2022 Mamani-Benito et al.

6.
Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar ; 51(1), 2022.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1787166

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, several variants of the virus have been documented, generating greater concern among the population. Objective: To analyze the psychometric properties of a scale of concern about the contagion of a variant of COVID-19 (EPCNVCov-19). Methods: An instrumental study, which adapted 5 Likert-type questions from a previously validated scale (EPCNVCov-19), was conducted and applied virtually to 407 people (56.5 % women) from different departments in Peru. To analyze the evidence of content validity, the Aiken V coefficient was used, the analysis of internal structure through confirmatory factor analysis, and reliability was estimated by means of the Omega coefficient. In addition, analyses of invariance by gender and convergent and discriminant validity were performed. Results: The EPCNVCov-19 was adapted in time and context, and the items received a satisfactory rating from the experts (Aiken's V coefficient >0.70). With the goodness-of-fit indices, the unidimensional structure of the scale was confirmed (χ2 = 9,36, df = 5, p = 0,09;CFI = 0,999;TLI = 0.999;RMSEA = 0.046 [CI90 % 0.00-0.092] and SRMR = 0.015). The invariance analysis shows that the EPCNVCov-19 can be used in individuals of both sexes. Conclusion: The scale presents acceptable reliability (ω > 0,8). Likewise, evidence of convergent and discriminant validity was achieved. In conclusion, the EPCNVCov-19 is a valid, reliable and sex-invariant brief measure in the Peruvian population. © 2022, Editorial Ciencias Medicas. All rights reserved.

7.
Salud Mental ; 44(5):215-220, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1579637

ABSTRACT

Introduction. Concern about becoming infected with COVID-19 is one of the reactions that has affected the mental health of Peruvian health care workers. Objective. To determine the effect of concern about COVID-19 on professional self-efficacy, psychological distress, anxiety, and depression in health personnel in the Puno region of Peru. Method. An explanatory, cross-sectional study was conducted with the voluntary participation of 401 health workers (such as nurses, physicians, nursing technicians, obstetricians, dentists, psychologists, and nutritionists) of both sexes (24.2% men and 75.5% women) from 12 health networks in the region of Puno, Peru. They were asked to answer the Scale of Concern for the Transmission of COVID-19 in Health Personnel (EPPC-Cov19), Patient Health Questionnarie-2 (PHQ-2, Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-2 (GAD-2) and the Professional Self Efficacy Scale (AU-10). Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was used for data analysis. Results. The factor loads of the explanatory model showed a good fit: X-2 (286) = 797.31, p < .001;IFC = .99;RMSEA= .06;SRMR = .07;WRMR = 1.25. Therefore concern about COVID-19 has a greater effect on anxiety (beta = .77) and depression (beta = .71), as well as psychological distress (beta = .65), and only a mild effect on work self-efficacy (beta = .12). Discussion and conclusion. Concern about the spread of COVID-19 affects depression, anxiety, psychological distress and work self-efficacy among Peruvian health workers in the Puno region of Peru.

8.
Propositos Y Representaciones ; 9(2):12, 2021.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1438947

ABSTRACT

It is necessary to evaluate the virtual class environments that have been generated by the COVID-19 pandemic. In view of this, the objective was to design and validate a scale for the use of virtual academic media. The study is of an instrumental type, where the sample was conformed by 582 Peruvian university students. The scale was conformed by 10 items distributed in 2 dimensions. In order to find the validity of the content, it was considered the experts' judgment, for the validity of the construct, the exploratory and confirmatory factorial analysis, and to estimate the reliability, the Cronbach's a The results indicate that the items received a favorable evaluation (Aiken's V >.70). Goodness-of-fit indices were satisfactory (chi(2) = 24,204, df = 13;p = .001;RMR = .058;IFC = .931;TLI = .908;GFI = .957;AGFI = .931 and RMSEA = .071), and the correlation between factor 1 and 2 was significant (p < 0.05) and reliability good (a = .74;95% CI = .70 -.77). It is concluded that the COVID-19 pandemic virtual academia scale is a short tool and has evidence of validity and reliability.

9.
Electronic Journal of General Medicine ; 18(5), 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1305018

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Since the announcement of the start of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines development, many myths and vaccine opponents have come to the fore. Therefore, in this scenario, it is imperative to have an instrument to assess the population perception of this subject matter. Objective: To validate a scale to measure the perception of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines acceptance. Methods: This is an instrumental and multicentre study, through which a list of possible reasons for whether or not people would be vaccinated was generated. After submitting them to 15 experts, a pilot survey was conducted virtually in a population of almost 3000 participants in the 24 regions of Peru. Descriptive statistics and the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) were conducted using the FACTOR program. Results: The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) coefficient (KMO = 0.917) and the Bartlett’s test of sphericity (3343.3;gl = 136;p <0.001) were conducted. According to EFA results, two factors were found to explain 58.17% of the total variance. The fit indices show that the proposed model is adequate (χ2 = 826.321;df = 43;p = 0.001;RMR = 0.054;GFI = 0.952;AGFI = 0.927;CFI = 0.946;TLI = 0.931;and RMSEA = 0.078). Finally, Cronbach’s α was found to be very satisfactory for the generated scale (α = 0.831;95% CI = 0.82 – 0.84). Conclusion: A simple and efficient scale was validated to assess positive and negative perceptions of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines (the VAC-COVID-19 scale), with a Cronbach’s coefficient of 0.831. © 2021 by Author/s and Licensed by Modestum.

10.
Revista de la Asociacion Espanola de Especialistas en Medicina del Trabajo ; 29(3):184-193, 2020.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-995511

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the psychometric properties of the original four-item Occupational Insecurity Scale in Peruvian workers. Material and Methods: Transversal and instrumental study that took the Work Insecurity Scale to be able to validate it in the context of the COVID-19. With a sample of 332 workers from public and private entities, the form and content of the scale was validated. Results: Aiken’s V was found with values > 0.70 for the four items. The values of asymmetry and kurtosis were 24.3. In addition, AFE is justified with a KMO (0.780) and a Bartlett (654,235;gl = 6;p < 0.001). As a result, all items were condensed into a single factor. Finally, the values (λ) for the one-dimensional model were significant (item 1 = 0.85;item 2 = 0.90;item 3 = 0.84;item 4 =-0.40). Conclusions: The Perceived Insecurity at Work Scale (LABOR-PE-COVID-19) is a valid, clear and representative scale. © 2020, Accion Medica S.A. All rights reserved.

11.
Anxiety |Coronavirus infections |Depression |Human resources |Nurses |Professional burnout ; 2021(Salud Uninorte)
Article in Spanish | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-1675300

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine whether concern due to COVID-19, social support, and anxiety are predictors of depression in Peruvian nurses during a health emergency. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional predictive study, conducted on 216 Peruvian nur-ses, to whom the Social Support at Work Scale (EAST), the Concern for COVID-19 Scale (EPPC-Cov19), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-2 (GAD-2) and the Patient Health Question-narie-2 (PHQ-2) were applied. Data were analyzed using correlation coefficients and multiple linear regression models. Results: Significant correlations were reported between concern over COVID-19, anxiety, and depression. Regression analyses show adequate model fit (F-test = 76.064, p < .001), where concern about COVID-19 (β =,316, p < .01) and anxiety (β =,417, p < .01), are variables that significantly predict depression in Peruvian nurses (adjusted R2 = .39). Likewise, the t-values of the beta regression coefficients of the predictor variables are highly significant (p < .01). Conclusion: It is concluded that experiencing concern about COVID-19 infection and anxiety predict the occurrence of depressive symptoms in Peruvian nurses that found themselves working in the context of the health emergency. © 2021, Universidad del Norte. All rights reserved.

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