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Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 942751, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2065575


Being introduced in 2010, fingolimod was among the first oral therapies for relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS). Since that time, postmarketing surveillance has noted several case reports of various cryptococcal infections associated with fingolimod use. To date, approximately 15 such case reports have been published. We present the first and unique case of cryptococcal chest wall mass and rib osteomyelitis associated with fingolimod use. The patient presented with left-side chest pain and was found to have a lower left chest wall mass. Computerized tomography (CT) showed chest wall mass with the destruction of left 7th rib. Aspirate from the mass grew Cryptococcus neoformans. The isolate was serotype A. Fingolimod was stopped. The patient received liposomal amphotericin B for 2 weeks and started on fluconazole with a plan to continue for 6-12 months. The follow-up CT in 6 weeks showed a marked decrease in the size of the chest wall mass. In conclusion, our case highlights the atypical and aggressive form of cryptococcal infection possibly related to immunosuppression from fingolimod use.

Case Rep Infect Dis ; 2022: 3152383, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1731351


With the increasing prevalence of syphilis in different parts of the world, it is important to be cognizant of serious forms of syphilis. Otosyphilis is a rare form of syphilis with an extremely high rate of complications. Early diagnosis is essential to prevent a complete loss of hearing and decrease mortality. We present a unique case of otosyphilis who presented with left hearing loss, tinnitus, and vertigo, with audiometric findings confirming the hearing loss. An MRI brain showed asymmetric enhancement of the left cochlea and vestibular apparatus. She initially received oral steroids and trans-tympanic steroid injections with transient improvement of symptoms. She was diagnosed with syphilis through contact tracing after her ex-boyfriend tested positive. She received three weekly doses of intramuscular penicillin. Interestingly, her symptoms, rapid plasma regain (RPR) titer, and audiometry findings markedly improved. Once a diagnosis of otosyphilis was established, she received 14 days of intravenous penicillin.