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1.
Asia-Pacific Social Science Review ; 22(2):181-195, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1980295

ABSTRACT

In general, existential threats are those that may potentially result in the extinction of the entire human species, if not significantly endanger its living population. Among the said threats include, but not limited to, pandemics and the impacts of a technological singularity. As regards pandemics, significant work has already been done on how to mitigate, if not prevent, the aftereffects of this type of disaster. For one, certain problem areas on how to properly manage pandemic responses have already been identified, like the following: (a) not being able to learn from previous experiences, (b) the inability to act on warning signals, and (c) the failure to reach a global consensus on a problem (i.e., in a timely manner). In terms of a singularity, however, it may be said that further research is still needed, specifically on how to aptly respond to its projected negative outcomes. In this paper, by treating the three problem areas noted above as preliminary assessment measures of a country’s capacity to coordinate a national response to large-scale disasters, we examine the readiness of the Philippines in preparing for an intelligence explosion. By citing certain instances of how the said country, specifically its national government, faced the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, it puts forward the idea that the likely Philippine disaster response towards a singularity needs to be worked on, appealing for a more comprehensive assessment of such for a more informed response plan. © 2022 by De La Salle University.

2.
Acta Medica Philippina ; 56(4):20-31, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1791236

ABSTRACT

Introduction. Musculoskeletal complaints have been observed in the recovery phase of patients with moderate-to-severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We noted several referrals for physical rehabilitation at the University of the Philippines-Philippine General Hospital (UP-PGH), a designated COVID-19 referral center. These observations resembled the musculoskeletal manifestations associated with poorer outcomes reported in other coronavirus studies. Objectives. The study determined the musculoskeletal signs and symptoms of adults in the recovery phase of moderate to severe COVID-19 using the COVID Musculoskeletal Assessment Tool (CMAT). Methods. This was a three-phased, prospective, descriptive study of adults admitted for COVID-19 at the UP-PGH. Phase 1 was the development of the CMAT based on a review of related literature and patient charts, and patient interviews. The tool was pretested and validated in Phase 2 before it was used in the evaluation of study participants in Phase 3 of the research. Data was encoded using Microsoft® Excel 2007 and analyzed using STATA, Version 12.0 (Texas, USA). Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the variables collected for the study. Results. A cohort of 40 patients admitted at the UP-PGH for moderate-to-severe COVID-19 infection was evaluated using the CMAT. Most of the patients had an average age of 55 years and were males. Majority resided in an urban area, reached high school education, and were ambulatory before their illness. The most common comorbidities were hypertension and diabetes. All patients required oxygen support. Based on the CMAT, majority of the participants complained of muscle pain, generalized weakness, and easy fatigability. Other common findings were neck-shoulder and lower limb pain, dyspnea on exertion, limited mobility in the trunk, hips, and knees, joint pains, and decreased muscle strength. Half of the participants needed a wheelchair or walker to ambulate. These findings may be due to the COVID-19 disease and to prolonged confinement in bed. Only one patient underwent physical therapy through bedside instructions. Conclusion. Musculoskeletal signs and symptoms were common in the patients recovering from COVID-19 disease. The COVID-19 Musculoskeletal Assessment Tool facilitated the evaluation of patients and the recording of results. Early referral for medical rehabilitation and timely intervention are strongly recommended. © 2022 University of the Philippines Manila. All rights reserved.

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