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Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences ; 10:1252-1256, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2010395


BACKGROUND: In 2015, approximately 350,000 adults in the United States experienced nontraumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and were treated by the emergency medical services (EMS) personnel. Despite recent increases, <40% of adults receive layman-initiated cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and <12% apply an automated external defibrillator before EMS personnel. AIM: To know the ability of the Medan city community in handling cardiac arrest for the first time and implementing the 2020 AHA basic life support (BLS). METHODS: This study used a descriptive method with a cross-sectional approach and was conducted in the city of Medan in the period July–October 2021. Sampling used cluster sampling and purposive sampling with inclusion and exclusion criteria. RESULTS: In this study, it was found that the majority of the people of Medan City had less knowledge about CPR in BLS. In this study, only respondents from Medan Marelan District were dominated by good knowledge by 80%. It was found that the people of Medan City have a good level of knowledge about these cardiac events, and the people of Medan City have a low level of knowledge about BLS and CPR. CONCLUSION: The ability of the people of Medan City in implementing BLS and CPR in BLS for cardiac events outside the hospital is still lacking.

Journal of Cellular and Molecular Anesthesia ; 6(2):192-196, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1395551


SARS-CoV-2, which belongs to a unique clade of the Sarbecovirus subgenus of the Orthocoronavirinae subfamily, was identified as the pathogen of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in January 2020. A majority (67-85%) of critically ill patients admitted in intensive care units with confirmed infection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) developed the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Indonesia has been hit by COVID-19 with CFR being 8.9% at the end of March 2020. There have been 1,528 confirmed COVID-19 cases in Indonesia and 136 deaths related to the disease. The nation's case fatality rate (CFR) is also much higher than that of the People's Republic of China (8.9% vs 4%). According to the latest data of the Ministry of Health of Indonesia, there are only 309,100 hospital beds in Indonesia, with most of them being located on Java island. On top of that, there is less than 6,000 Intensive Care Unit (ICU) beds nationwide. The number appears much, but in fact, Indonesia only had 2.7 ICU beds per 100,000 people and thus the country ranked among the lowest in Asia. Indonesia's president finally decided to implement large-scale social restriction / Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar in cities and provinces, instead of regional quarantine. Regional quarantine is one of four types of health quarantine according to the 2018 Health Quarantine Law. The government also emphasizes the need to stay at home for all Indonesian citizens, and this “lockdown” scenario was initially prepared in Jakarta and West Java in March 2020.

Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences ; 9(E):581-587, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1367946


BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a new type of disease, which has never been identified in humans. Some of the primary symptoms are associated with acute respiratory disorders, namely, fever, cough, and shortness of breath. A person’s nutritional status affects the risk of infection and the clinical course of COVID-19. Knowledge is an important domain for the formation of a person’s behavior, because actions based on knowledge are more important than actions or behaviors that are not based on knowledge. AIM: This study aims to determine the relationship between the level of knowledge about COVID-19 and the balanced nutritional behavior of the people of Medan City. METHODS: This was a descriptive analytical study, with a cross-sectional research design. The study samples consisted of Medan City residents, who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria based on the convenient sampling method. The primary data in this study were drawn from a research questionnaire, which was filled out online. RESULTS: From 200 of the research samples analyzed, 88% had a good level of knowledge towards COVID-19, 59% had a good level of nutrition practices. There was no significant difference between mean score and results for knowledge of COVID-19 and nutritional practices based on certain demographic characteristics. The relationship analysis showed p = 0.22;prevalence ratio = 2.711;and confidence interval 95%= 1.123–6.541 with a correlation value of 0.161. CONCLUSIONS: There was a weak positive relationship between knowledge regarding COVID-19 and nutritional practices in residents of Medan City, Indonesia. © 2021 Debora Natalia, Dina Keumala Sari, Rizky Adriansyah, Wulan Fadinie.