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1.
Anticancer Res ; 41(1): 335-340, 2021 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1068194

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIM: Large or bilateral multiple renal cell carcinoma (RCC) without/with tumor thrombus (TT) in the renal vein (RV) or inferior vena cava (IVC) poses a challenge to the surgeon due to the potential for massive hemorrhage, tumor thromboemboli and dialysis, and the situation is more critical due to Covid-19 pandemic. We report our experience and measures in dealing with challenging cases of large or multiple RCCs without/with TT during the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 4/2020-10/2020, five patients underwent RCC resection with/without TT. Patients 1 and 2 had RCCs/TT in RV; Patient 3 had RCC/TT supradiaphragmatic below right atrium; Patient-4 had a 26 cm RCC; Patient-5 had multiple RCCS as part of Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome. RESULTS: Patients were preoperatively tested negative for Covid-19. Operation times were 105, 85, 255, 200 and 247 minutes for Patients 1-5. Estimated blood loss was: 100, 50, 3,900,100 and 50 ml, respectively. Patient 3 underwent RCC resection en bloc with IVC/TT. Patients 1 and 2 underwent resections of RCC/TT in RV. Patient 4 underwent a 26 cm RCC resection. Patient 5 underwent laparoscopic bilateral radical nephrectomies. No immediate postoperative complications were reported. CONCLUSION: We successfully managed 5 challenging cases of RCCs despite the recommendations imposed by hospitals due to Covid-19 pandemic, with favorable outcomes.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/complications , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnosis , Kidney Neoplasms/complications , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnosis , SARS-CoV-2 , Thrombosis/diagnosis , Thrombosis/etiology , Aged , Biopsy , COVID-19/virology , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Humans , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplastic Cells, Circulating , Nephrectomy , Renal Veins/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
2.
Immunol Invest ; : 1-12, 2020 Nov 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-969122

ABSTRACT

Background: Tumor necrosis factor-ɑ (TNF-ɑ) is one of the most important cytokines that manage the host defense mechanism, which may play a role in the pathogenesis of COVID-19 patients. The work aims to study the association of TNF-ɑ G-308 A gene polymorphism with the course and outcome of COVID-19 patients in Mansoura University Hospital.Methods: 900 patients with COVID-19 infection and 184 controls were tested for TNF-ɑ G-308 A promoter polymorphism. Different genotypes of TNF-ɑ G-308 A were compared as regards the severity and prognosis of the disease.Results: No statistically significant difference was found between patients and controls as regards the demographic data. The AA genotype of TNF-ɑ showed a higher incidence of the disease in comparison to the other genotypes. As regards the demographic and laboratory characters, no statistically significant difference was found between the different genotypes except for age, lymphopenia, CRP, and serum ferritin levels. In 336(80.0%) cases of the AA genotype, the disease was severe in comparison to 90(41.7%) cases in the GA genotype and no cases in the GG genotype with P = .001.Conclusion: People who carry the A allele of TNF-ɑ polymorphism are more prone to COVID-19 infection. The AA genotype of TNF-ɑ is associated with a more aggressive pattern of the disease. In those patients, the use of anti - TNF therapy may be promising.

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