Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 12 de 12
Filter
1.
Solmi, Marco, Thompson, Trevor, Estradé, Andrés, Agorastos, Agorastos, Radua, Joaquim, Cortese, Samuele, Dragioti, Elena, Leisch, Friedrich, Vancampfort, Davy, Thygesen, Lau Caspar, Aschauer, Harald, Schloegelhofer, Monika, Aschauer, Elena, Schneeberger, Andres, Huber, Christian G.; Hasler, Gregor, Conus, Philippe, Do Cuénod, Kim Q.; von Känel, Roland, Arrondo, Gonzalo, Fusar-Poli, Paolo, Gorwood, Philip, Llorca, Pierre-Michel, Krebs, Marie-Odile, Scanferla, Elisabetta, Kishimoto, Taishiro, Rabbani, Golam, Skonieczna-Żydecka, Karolina, Brambilla, Paolo, Favaro, Angela, Takamiya, Akihiro, Zoccante, Leonardo, Colizzi, Marco, Bourgin, Julie, Kamiński, Karol, Moghadasin, Maryam, Seedat, Soraya, Matthews, Evan, Wells, John, Vassilopoulou, Emilia, Gadelha, Ary, Su, Kuan-Pin, Kwon, Jun Soo, Kim, Minah, Lee, Tae Young, Papsuev, Oleg, Manková, Denisa, Boscutti, Andrea, Gerunda, Cristiano, Saccon, Diego, Righi, Elena, Monaco, Francesco, Croatto, Giovanni, Cereda, Guido, Demurtas, Jacopo, Brondino, Natascia, Veronese, Nicola, Enrico, Paolo, Politi, Pierluigi, Ciappolino, Valentina, Pfennig, Andrea, Bechdolf, Andreas, Meyer-Lindenberg, Andreas, Kahl, Kai G.; Domschke, Katharina, Bauer, Michael, Koutsouleris, Nikolaos, Winter, Sibylle, Borgwardt, Stefan, Bitter, Istvan, Balazs, Judit, Czobor, Pal, Unoka, Zsolt, Mavridis, Dimitris, Tsamakis, Konstantinos, Bozikas, Vasilios P.; Tunvirachaisakul, Chavit, Maes, Michael, Rungnirundorn, Teerayuth, Supasitthumrong, Thitiporn, Haque, Ariful, Brunoni, Andre R.; Costardi, Carlos Gustavo, Schuch, Felipe Barreto, Polanczyk, Guilherme, Luiz, Jhoanne Merlyn, Fonseca, Lais, Aparicio, Luana V.; Valvassori, Samira S.; Nordentoft, Merete, Vendsborg, Per, Hoffmann, Sofie Have, Sehli, Jihed, Sartorius, Norman, Heuss, Sabina, Guinart, Daniel, Hamilton, Jane, Kane, John, Rubio, Jose, Sand, Michael, Koyanagi, Ai, Solanes, Aleix, Andreu-Bernabeu, Alvaro, Cáceres, Antonia San José, Arango, Celso, Díaz-Caneja, Covadonga M.; Hidalgo-Mazzei, Diego, Vieta, Eduard, Gonzalez-Peñas, Javier, Fortea, Lydia, Parellada, Mara, Fullana, Miquel A.; Verdolini, Norma, Andrlíková, Eva, Janků, Karolina, Millan, Mark John, Honciuc, Mihaela, Moniuszko-Malinowska, Anna, Łoniewski, Igor, Samochowiec, Jerzy, Kiszkiel, Łukasz, Marlicz, Maria, Sowa, Paweł, Marlicz, Wojciech, Spies, Georgina, Stubbs, Brendon, Firth, Joseph, Sullivan, Sarah, Darcin, Asli Enez, Aksu, Hatice, Dilbaz, Nesrin, Noyan, Onur, Kitazawa, Momoko, Kurokawa, Shunya, Tazawa, Yuki, Anselmi, Alejandro, Cracco, Cecilia, Machado, Ana Inés, Estrade, Natalia, De Leo, Diego, Curtis, Jackie, Berk, Michael, Ward, Philip, Teasdale, Scott, Rosenbaum, Simon, Marx, Wolfgang, Horodnic, Adrian Vasile, Oprea, Liviu, Alexinschi, Ovidiu, Ifteni, Petru, Turliuc, Serban, Ciuhodaru, Tudor, Bolos, Alexandra, Matei, Valentin, Nieman, Dorien H.; Sommer, Iris, van Os, Jim, van Amelsvoort, Therese, Sun, Ching-Fang, Guu, Ta-wei, Jiao, Can, Zhang, Jieting, Fan, Jialin, Zou, Liye, Yu, Xin, Chi, Xinli, de Timary, Philippe, van Winkel, Ruud, Ng, Bernardo, Pena, Edilberto, Arellano, Ramon, Roman, Raquel, Sanchez, Thelma, Movina, Larisa, Morgado, Pedro, Brissos, Sofia, Aizberg, Oleg, Mosina, Anna, Krinitski, Damir, Mugisha, James, Sadeghi-Bahmani, Dena, Sheybani, Farshad, Sadeghi, Masoud, Hadi, Samira, Brand, Serge, Errazuriz, Antonia, Crossley, Nicolas, Ristic, Dragana Ignjatovic, López-Jaramillo, Carlos, Efthymiou, Dimitris, Kuttichira, Praveenlal, Kallivayalil, Roy Abraham, Javed, Afzal, Afridi, Muhammad Iqbal, James, Bawo, Seb-Akahomen, Omonefe Joy, Fiedorowicz, Jess, Carvalho, Andre F.; Daskalakis, Jeff, Yatham, Lakshmi N.; Yang, Lin, Okasha, Tarek, Dahdouh, Aïcha, Gerdle, Björn, Tiihonen, Jari, Shin, Jae Il, Lee, Jinhee, Mhalla, Ahmed, Gaha, Lotfi, Brahim, Takoua, Altynbekov, Kuanysh, Negay, Nikolay, Nurmagambetova, Saltanat, Jamei, Yasser Abu, Weiser, Mark, Correll, Christoph U..
Journal of Affective Disorders ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2165443

ABSTRACT

Background The Collaborative Outcome study on Health and Functioning during Infection Times (COH-FIT;www.coh-fit.com) is an anonymous and global online survey measuring health and functioning during COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of this study was to test concurrently the validity of COH-FIT items and the internal validity of the co-primary outcome, a composite psychopathology "P-score”. Methods The COH-FIT survey has been translated into 30 languages (two blind forward-translations, consensus, one independent English back-translation, final harmonization). To measure mental health, 1–4 items ("COH-FIT items”) were extracted from validated questionnaires (e.g. Patient Health Questionnaire 9). COH-FIT items measured anxiety, depressive, post-traumatic, obsessive-compulsive, bipolar and psychotic symptoms, as well as stress, sleep and concentration. COH-FIT Items which correlated r ≥ 0.5 with validated companion questionnaires, were initially retained. A P-score factor structure was then identified from these items using exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) on data split into training and validation sets. Consistency of results across languages, gender and age was assessed. Results From >150,000 adult responses by May 6th, 2022, a subset of 22,456 completed both COH-FIT items and validated questionnaires. Concurrent validity was consistently demonstrated across different languages for COH-FIT items. CFA confirmed EFA results of five first-order factors (anxiety, depression, post-traumatic, psychotic, psychophysiologic symptoms) and revealed a single second-order factor P-score, with high internal reliability (ω = 0.95). Factor structure was consistent across age and sex. Conclusions COH-FIT is a valid instrument to globally measure mental health during infection times. The P-score is a valid measure of multidimensional mental health.

2.
Eat Weight Disord ; 27(7): 2745-2757, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1878007

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to expand the evidence on the feasibility and impact of food-specific inhibitory control training in a community sample of people with disinhibited eating. METHODS: Recruitment and data collection were conducted during the COVID-19 outbreak, in Italy. Ninety-four adult individuals with disinhibited eating were randomised to one of two conditions: App-based food-specific inhibitory control training or waiting list. Participants were assessed at baseline, end of intervention (2 weeks following baseline) and follow-up (one week later). The assessment measures included questionnaires about eating behaviour and mood. RESULTS: Seventy-three percent of the sample reported a diagnosis of binge eating disorder, and 20.4% a diagnosis of bulimia nervosa. Retention rates were 77% and 86% for the food-specific inhibitory control training and the waiting list conditions, respectively. Almost half of the participants allocated to the training condition completed the "recommended" dose of training (i.e., 10 or more sessions). Those in the training condition reported lower levels of wanting for high-energy dense foods (p < 0.05), a trend for lower levels of perceived hunger (p = 0.07), and lower levels of depression (p < 0.05). Binge eating symptoms, disinhibition, wanting for high-energy dense foods, stress and anxiety were significantly lower at end of intervention, compared to baseline (p < .05). CONCLUSION: Findings corroborated the feasibility of food-specific inhibitory control training, and its impact on high-energy dense foods liking. The study expands the evidence base for food-specific inhibitory control training by highlighting its impact on perceived hunger and depression. The mechanisms underlying these effects remain to be clarified. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level I, Evidence obtained from at least one properly designed randomized controlled trials; systematic reviews and meta-analyses; experimental studies.


Subject(s)
Binge-Eating Disorder , Bulimia Nervosa , Bulimia , COVID-19 , Adult , Feasibility Studies , Humans
3.
Eating and Weight Disorders ; 26(8):2443-2452, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1717279

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The COVID-19 pandemic restrictions had negative impact on the psychopathology of people with Eating Disorders (EDs). Factors involved in the vulnerability to stressful events have been under-investigated in this population. We aimed to assess which factors contributed to COVID-19-induced worsening in both general and specific psychopathology. Methods: Three-hundred and twelve people with a clinically defined diagnosis of an ED and undergoing a specialist ED treatment in different Italian ED services before the spreading of COVID-19 pandemic filled in an online survey. ED specific and general psychopathology changes after COVID-19 quarantine were retrospectively evaluated. Factors related to COVID-19 concerns (financial condition, fear of contagion, perceived social isolation/support, satisfaction in peer, family or sentimental relationships), illness duration and treatment-related variables (type of treatment provided, type of access to care, satisfaction with therapeutic relationships) were included as predicting factors in a structural equational model, which included latent variables consisting of general and ED psychopathology items as outcomes. Results: A perceived low quality of therapeutic relationships, fear of contagion and increased isolation were positively associated with psychopathology worsening. Reduced satisfaction with family and with friends' relationships and reduced perceived social support were associated with ED and general symptoms deterioration, respectively. No significant effect emerged for intimate relationships, illness duration, economic condition and type of treatment. Conclusions: This study provides a comprehensive evaluation of clinical variables associated with psychopathological changes during the COVID-19 lockdown period highlighting potential risk and resilience factors and, possibly, informing treatment as well as prevention strategies for EDs. Level of evidence IV: Evidence obtained from multiple time series analysis such as case studies. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

4.
J Affect Disord ; 299: 367-376, 2022 02 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1598263

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has altered daily routines and family functioning, led to closing schools, and dramatically limited social interactions worldwide. Measuring its impact on mental health of vulnerable children and adolescents is crucial. METHODS: The Collaborative Outcomes study on Health and Functioning during Infection Times (COH-FIT - www.coh-fit.com) is an on-line anonymous survey, available in 30 languages, involving >230 investigators from 49 countries supported by national/international professional associations. COH-FIT has thee waves (until the pandemic is declared over by the WHO, and 6-18 months plus 24-36 months after its end). In addition to adults, COH-FIT also includes adolescents (age 14-17 years), and children (age 6-13 years), recruited via non-probability/snowball and representative sampling and assessed via self-rating and parental rating. Non-modifiable/modifiable risk factors/treatment targets to inform prevention/intervention programs to promote health and prevent mental and physical illness in children and adolescents will be generated by COH-FIT. Co-primary outcomes are changes in well-being (WHO-5) and a composite psychopathology P-Score. Multiple behavioral, family, coping strategy and service utilization factors are also assessed, including functioning and quality of life. RESULTS: Up to June 2021, over 13,000 children and adolescents from 59 countries have participated in the COH-FIT project, with representative samples from eleven countries. LIMITATIONS: Cross-sectional and anonymous design. CONCLUSIONS: Evidence generated by COH-FIT will provide an international estimate of the COVID-19 effect on children's, adolescents' and families', mental and physical health, well-being, functioning and quality of life, informing the formulation of present and future evidence-based interventions and policies to minimize adverse effects of the present and future pandemics on youth.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Adolescent , Adult , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Promotion , Humans , Mental Health , Pandemics , Quality of Life , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Nutrients ; 14(1)2021 Dec 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1580550

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 lockdown has had a significant impact on mental health. Patients with eating disorders (ED) have been particularly vulnerable. AIMS: (1) To explore changes in eating-related symptoms and general psychopathology during lockdown in patients with an ED from various European and Asian countries; and (2) to assess differences related to diagnostic ED subtypes, age, and geography. METHODS: The sample comprised 829 participants, diagnosed with an ED according to DSM-5 criteria from specialized ED units in Europe and Asia. Participants were assessed using the COVID-19 Isolation Scale (CIES). RESULTS: Patients with binge eating disorder (BED) experienced the highest impact on weight and ED symptoms in comparison with other ED subtypes during lockdown, whereas individuals with other specified feeding and eating disorders (OFSED) had greater deterioration in general psychological functioning than subjects with other ED subtypes. Finally, Asian and younger individuals appeared to be more resilient. CONCLUSIONS: The psychopathological changes in ED patients during the COVID-19 lockdown varied by cultural context and individual variation in age and ED diagnosis. Clinical services may need to target preventive measures and adapt therapeutic approaches for the most vulnerable patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/psychology , Feeding and Eating Disorders/psychology , Quarantine/psychology , Social Isolation/psychology , Adolescent , Adult , Asia , Child , Europe , Female , Humans , Internationality , Longitudinal Studies , Male , SARS-CoV-2 , Young Adult
6.
J Affect Disord ; 299: 393-407, 2022 02 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1587438

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: . High-quality comprehensive data on short-/long-term physical/mental health effects of the COVID-19 pandemic are needed. METHODS: . The Collaborative Outcomes study on Health and Functioning during Infection Times (COH-FIT) is an international, multi-language (n=30) project involving >230 investigators from 49 countries/territories/regions, endorsed by national/international professional associations. COH-FIT is a multi-wave, on-line anonymous, cross-sectional survey [wave 1: 04/2020 until the end of the pandemic, 12 months waves 2/3 starting 6/24 months threreafter] for adults, adolescents (14-17), and children (6-13), utilizing non-probability/snowball and representative sampling. COH-FIT aims to identify non-modifiable/modifiable risk factors/treatment targets to inform prevention/intervention programs to improve social/health outcomes in the general population/vulnerable subgrous during/after COVID-19. In adults, co-primary outcomes are change from pre-COVID-19 to intra-COVID-19 in well-being (WHO-5) and a composite psychopathology P-Score. Key secondary outcomes are a P-extended score, global mental and physical health. Secondary outcomes include health-service utilization/functioning, treatment adherence, functioning, symptoms/behaviors/emotions, substance use, violence, among others. RESULTS: . Starting 04/26/2020, up to 14/07/2021 >151,000 people from 155 countries/territories/regions and six continents have participated. Representative samples of ≥1,000 adults have been collected in 15 countries. Overall, 43.0% had prior physical disorders, 16.3% had prior mental disorders, 26.5% were health care workers, 8.2% were aged ≥65 years, 19.3% were exposed to someone infected with COVID-19, 76.1% had been in quarantine, and 2.1% had been COVID 19-positive. LIMITATIONS: . Cross-sectional survey, preponderance of non-representative participants. CONCLUSIONS: . Results from COH-FIT will comprehensively quantify the impact of COVID-19, seeking to identify high-risk groups in need for acute and long-term intervention, and inform evidence-based health policies/strategies during this/future pandemics.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Adolescent , Adult , Anxiety , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression , Humans , Mental Health , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 789344, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1581145

ABSTRACT

The negative impact of COVID-19 pandemic on people with Eating Disorders (EDs) has been documented. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a history of traumatic experiences during childhood or adolescence was associated with a higher degree of psychopathological worsening during COVID-19 related lockdown and in the following re-opening period in this group of people. People with EDs undergoing a specialist ED treatment in different Italian services before the spreading of COVID-19 pandemic (n = 312) filled in an online survey to retrospectively evaluate ED specific and general psychopathology changes after COVID-19 quarantine. Based on the presence of self-reported traumatic experiences, the participants were split into three groups: patients with EDs and no traumatic experiences, patients with EDs and childhood traumatic experiences, patients with EDs and adolescent traumatic experiences. Both people with or without early traumatic experiences reported retrospectively a worsening of general and ED-specific psychopathology during the COVID 19-induced lockdown and in the following re-opening period. Compared to ED participants without early traumatic experiences, those with a self-reported history of early traumatic experiences reported heightened anxious and post-traumatic stress symptoms, ineffectiveness, body dissatisfaction, and purging behaviors. These differences were seen before COVID-19 related restrictions as well as during the lockdown period and after the easing of COVID-19 related restrictions. In line with the "maltreated ecophenotype" theory, these results may suggest a clinical vulnerability of maltreated people with EDs leading to a greater severity in both general and ED-specific symptomatology experienced during the exposure to the COVID-19 pandemic.

8.
J Clin Med ; 10(7)2021 Apr 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1167628

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic is causing a heavy burden in hospital healthcare workers (HCW) in terms of increased work, organizational changes, risk exposure, and social stigma. The present study aims at evaluating the psychological outcome among HCWs at the final stages of the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. This cross-sectional and survey-based study was conducted during June 2020 among 996 HCWs of the University Hospital of Padova. All the subjects completed questionnaires investigating the perception of risk of infecting or being infected by COVID-19, psychopathological variables, and coping abilities. Compared to physicians and healthcare assistants, nurses showed higher levels of depression (p = 0.002), insomnia (p < 0.001), and generalized anxiety (p = 0.001). Females reported increased concerns about the possibility of infecting others (p = 0.046), greater anxiety (p < 0.001), COVID-19 related fears (p < 0.001), depression (p < 0.001), and post-traumatic distress (p < 0.001) than males. Being employed in a COVID-19 unit, being transferred to other units, and living with children and the elderly were factors associated with higher levels of psychological distress. Greater coping abilities were detected in physicians, and in those HCWs employed in COVID units. Our findings evidenced that the psychological consequences of the pandemic were non-homogeneously distributed across HCWs categories and pointed out the presence of specific in-hospital and out-of-hospital risk factors.

9.
J Affect Disord ; 285: 77-83, 2021 04 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1087022

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We assessed the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on specific Eating Disorder (ED) and general psychopathology in people with an ED diagnosis during the lockdown period and after the end of the related containment measures. METHODS: People with clinically defined diagnosis and undergoing treatment for an ED completed an online survey, which included adapted questions from standardized psychometric scales. Data relative to three different time periods (before, during and after the end of lockdown) were collected. Psychopathological changes over these periods were investigated and compared through one-way analysis of variance or covariance with repeated measures. RESULTS: Three hundred twelve people completed the survey (57.4% diagnosed with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) or atypical AN, 20.2% with Bulimia Nervosa, 15.4% with Binge Eating Disorder, 7.05% with Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorders). The severity of both specific and general psychopathology increased during the lockdown and the rise of general symptoms persisted in the following re-opening phase, except for suicide ideation. Almost all of these findings were not affected by ED diagnosis, participants' age and illness duration. LIMITATIONS: The retrospective nature of data collection is the main limitation of the study. CONCLUSIONS: People with EDs showed a COVID-19 emergency-induced worsening of both general and specific psychopathology. The effect on general psychopathology persisted in the re-opening period. These findings suggest a high stress vulnerability of ED individuals with important effects on internalizing symptoms, which are worth of attention by clinicians.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Feeding and Eating Disorders , Communicable Disease Control , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology , Humans , Psychopathology , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Eur Eat Disord Rev ; 28(6): 871-883, 2020 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1005731

ABSTRACT

Confinement during the COVID-19 pandemic is expected to have a serious and complex impact on the mental health of patients with an eating disorder (ED) and of patients with obesity. The present manuscript has the following aims: (1) to analyse the psychometric properties of the COVID Isolation Eating Scale (CIES), (2) to explore changes that occurred due to confinement in eating symptomatology; and (3) to explore the general acceptation of the use of telemedicine during confinement. The sample comprised 121 participants (87 ED patients and 34 patients with obesity) recruited from six different centres. Confirmatory Factor Analyses (CFA) tested the rational-theoretical structure of the CIES. Adequate goodness-of-fit was obtained for the confirmatory factor analysis, and Cronbach alpha values ranged from good to excellent. Regarding the effects of confinement, positive and negative impacts of the confinement depends of the eating disorder subtype. Patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and with obesity endorsed a positive response to treatment during confinement, no significant changes were found in bulimia nervosa (BN) patients, whereas Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorder (OSFED) patients endorsed an increase in eating symptomatology and in psychopathology. Furthermore, AN patients expressed the greatest dissatisfaction and accommodation difficulty with remote therapy when compared with the previously provided face-to-face therapy. The present study provides empirical evidence on the psychometric robustness of the CIES tool and shows that a negative confinement impact was associated with ED subtype, whereas OSFED patients showed the highest impairment in eating symptomatology and in psychopathology.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology , Social Isolation/psychology , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Psychometrics , Spain/epidemiology , Young Adult
11.
Psychol Med ; : 1-8, 2020 Nov 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-972646

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: During the COVID-19 pandemic, the use of telemedicine as a way to reduce COVID-19 infections was noted and consequently deregulated. However, the degree of telemedicine regulation varies from country to country, which may alter the widespread use of telemedicine. This study aimed to clarify the telepsychiatry regulations for each collaborating country/region before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: We used snowball sampling within a global network of international telepsychiatry experts. Thirty collaborators from 17 different countries/regions responded to a questionnaire on barriers to the use and implementation of telepsychiatric care, including policy factors such as regulations and reimbursement at the end of 2019 and as of May 2020. RESULTS: Thirteen of 17 regions reported a relaxation of regulations due to the pandemic; consequently, all regions surveyed stated that telepsychiatry was now possible within their public healthcare systems. In some regions, restrictions on prescription medications allowed via telepsychiatry were eased, but in 11 of the 17 regions, there were still restrictions on prescribing medications via telepsychiatry. Lower insurance reimbursement amounts for telepsychiatry consultations v. in-person consultations were reevaluated in four regions, and consequently, in 15 regions telepsychiatry services were reimbursed at the same rate (or higher) than in-person consultations during the COVID-19 pandemic. CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirm that, due to COVID-19, the majority of countries surveyed are altering telemedicine regulations that had previously restricted the spread of telemedicine. These findings provide information that could guide future policy and regulatory decisions, which facilitate greater scale and spread of telepsychiatry globally.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL