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Int J Infect Dis ; 107: 72-77, 2021 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1196718


BACKGROUND: The cutaneous manifestations of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have been covered insufficiently in the literature. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients admitted to the study hospital with confirmed COVID-19 who experienced various skin manifestations during hospitalization or in the convalescence period, were analysed retrospectively. RESULTS: Thirty-nine patients with COVID-19, admitted to the study hospital between 23 March and 12 September 2020, had intra-infectious rash or lesions of cutaneous vasculitis during convalescence. The most common cutaneous manifestations of COVID-19 were erythematous and erythematous papular rash. Twenty-seven of the 39 patients had anosmia (69.2%), 26 patients had ageusia (66.7%), 34 patients had pneumonia (87.2%) and 24 patients had intra-infectious enterocolitis (61.5%). Skin biopsies were rarely performed in these patients. This article reports the results of biopsies performed in two patients, showing histopathological and immunohistochemical changes in erythematous rash and erythema multiforme-like lesions. Both skin biopsies revealed early fibrous remodelling of the dermis, suggesting similarity with changes that occur in the lungs and other tissues in patients with COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: Correlations between skin lesions and anosmia, ageusia and enteritis in patients with COVID-19 do not seem to be accidental, but are associated with a similar response to ACE2 receptor expression in these tissues.

Ageusia/etiology , Anosmia/etiology , COVID-19/complications , Enteritis/etiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Skin Diseases/etiology , Female , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21512, 2020 Jul 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-695336


RATIONALE: Syncope is described as the loss of consciousness and postural muscle tone with a short duration and fast onset. Micturition syncope can be caused by abnormal vasovagal response or by the dysfunction of the blood pressure regulating mechanism, which occurs before, during, or immediately after urination. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present 4 cases of COVID-19 hospitalized in the Department of Infectious Diseases of the Academic Emergency Hospital Sibiu, Romania, cases that presented micturition syncope. DIAGNOSES: During hospitalization, patients confirmed with SARS-Cov-2 infection using real time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay, presented micturition syncope in different stages of the infection (at the beginning and in the second week of evolution). INTERVENTIONS: Other causes of syncope such as adrenal insufficiency secondary to corticosteroids treatment, cardiac rhythm disorders, neurological impairment, dehydration, vasoactive medication, malignancies, pulmonary hypertension and coughing were excluded. The treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection was performed following the local and national guidelines. OUTCOMES: The clinical course of all 4 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 and micturition syncope was favorable. To our knowledge, micturition syncope in COVID-19 patients has yet not been reported by other authors. LESSONS: To our knowledge, micturition syncope associated with the evolution of COVID-19, has yet not been reported by other authors.

Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Syncope/virology , Aged , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Romania/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2