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2.
Management Decision ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1840215

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The crucial action program of United Nations is sustainable development. In the context of lockdown and food supply chain disruptions in many developing countries due to COVID-19, sustainable agribusiness entrepreneurship (SAE) must be investigated to contribute to the global safe-food supply chain resilience. Furthermore, this pandemic might have changed cognitive social capital (i.e. perceived shared norms, civicness and community cohesiveness) and relational social capital (i.e. social trust). Therefore, this study aims to examine their role in forming agribusiness entrepreneurs’ SAE intentions under the lens of sustainable development in the pandemic context. Design/methodology/approach: This study uses a mixed-methods approach with resources for structural equation modeling. A sample of 499 Vietnamese agribusiness entrepreneurs to reconcile scales and test hypothesized relationships. Findings: The study reconciles the existing constructs’ scales and develops a new scale measuring SAE intention. The findings show that the extended theory of planned behavior (ETPB) model is an ideal theoretical framework for predicting behavioral intentions in sustainability. The study also discovers the role of cognitive social capital and relational social capital in motivating SAE intentions. Also, some managerial implications are suggested for agribusinessmen to survive and succeed during the COVID-19 crisis. Originality/value: To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this study is considered the first to investigate the role of cognitive social capital and relational social capital in motivating SAE in an emerging market using the ETPB. The findings will help emerging economies, where most farmers are family-business owners or micro-scaled entrepreneurs who have been facing the increasing trend of sustainable production and consumer. © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited.

3.
IEEE Latin America Transactions ; 19(6):1057-1064, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1788792

ABSTRACT

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa), one of the main means of contagion in the second wave of contamination by the coronavirus (COVID-19) is the hands. Every moment, the hands are used to greet people and handle objects, but shortly thereafter, it is common to use them to touch the face. Such an involuntary action can take all kinds of harmful agents into our bodies. Hence, this work aims to present and share the development of a low cost bracelet that helps the user not to touch the face with the hands. As a result, it is expected to reduce the spread of this virus through this type of contagion. For this, the bracelet monitors the position of the hands and issues an alert when it detects the approach of the hand to the face as a warning to the user not do this. Initially, a first prototype was made to observe local public (state of Alagoas-Brazil) interest in the product. This way, there were a positive feedback from public. The sequence of the project was extended in the development of the product such a way that it can be used by the final public in risky regions. Due to its low cost, this bracelet can be used by people from underdeveloped countries like Brazil, and countries in Africa to stop practicing this harmful habit for their health. In this sense, some financial grants for Humanitarian relief efforts can be considered. Thanks to government funding, 500 bracelet units are being made for donation to the state of Alagoas, Brazil. It is important to mention that the objective of this work is not to replace the existing preventing methods, but to offer a bracelet proposition to come as an extra support to reduce even more that risk to contract COVID-19. Hence, the solution can be added with all other existing in order to decrease even more the chances of contracting COVID-19. Therefore, the social distance, the use of masks and a good hand hygiene are still the safest way to avoid COVID-19. However, our bracelet can help people to avoid the eye touching, such habit can lead to COVID-19 that traditional low cost cotton masks do not protect and is more comfortably for hours of use than face shields. © 2021 IEEE Computer Society. All rights reserved.

4.
Discurso y Sociedad ; 15(4):744-775, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1755244

ABSTRACT

This article addresses the metaphorical conceptualization of the Coronavirus in presidential speeches. The analysis is based on a corpus of four presidential speeches delivered in March 2020, when the virus arrived in South America, and are available on the websites of the Presidencia de la Nación de Argentina, the República Federativa do Brasil, the Presidencia de República de Chile and the Presidencia de República de Colombia. The research adopted a sociocognitive view of language, focused on the line of Cognitive Linguistics, with a conceptual metaphor approach directed to the corpus and discourse. Based on the target domain method to identify the metaphors present on the corpus, metaphorical expressions related to the Coronavirus and connected to some lexemes related to conceptual metaphors, were collected. The analysis showed the persuasive and manipulative strength of some metaphors, such as CORONAVIRUS IS A WAR, CORONAVIRUS IS A GAME, CORONAVIRUS IS A PRISON, among others. These metaphors are based on moral cultural models and have ideological and moral goals. © 2021 Universidad Pompeu Fabra. All rights reserved.

5.
12th International Conference on Innovations in Bio-Inspired Computing and Applications, IBICA 2021 and 11th World Congress on Information and Communication Technologies, WICT 2021 ; 419 LNNS:251-260, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1750565

ABSTRACT

Health Remote Monitoring Systems (HRMS) offer the ability to address health-care human resource concerns. In developing nations, where pervasive mobile networks and device access are linking people like never before, HRMS are of special relevance. A fundamental aim of this research work is the realization of technological-based solution to triage and follow-up people living with dementias so as to reduce pressure on busy staff while doing this from home so as to avoid all unnecessary visits to hospital facilities, increasingly perceived as dangerous due to COVID-19 but also raising nosocomial infections, raising alerts for abnormal values. Sensing approaches are complemented by advanced predictive models based on Machine Learning (ML) and Artificial Intelligence (AI), thus being able to explore novel ways of demonstrating patient-centered predictive measures. Low-cost IoT devices composing a network of sensors and actuators aggregated to create a digital experience that will be used and exposure to people to simultaneously conduct several tests and obtain health data that can allow screening of early onset dementia and to aid in the follow-up of selected cases. The best ML for predicting AD was logistic regression with an accuracy of 86.9%. This application as demonstrated to be essential for caregivers once they can monitor multiple patients in real-time and actuate when abnormal values occur. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

6.
4th International Conference of the Portuguese Society for Engineering Education, CISPEE 2021 ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1735784

ABSTRACT

The 2019/2020 school year will always be remembered for the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. For the first time in recent history, countries closed schools and forced instructors and students to quickly adjust to online classes. This sudden and forced shift to a method of teaching that was completely different from what we were used to presented several challenges and opportunities on a pedagogical level. In this paper we describe our experience as instructors in a course on microprocessor programming in the Master’s Degree in Computer Science and Computing Engineering at the Faculty of Engineering of the University of Porto. Our approach included changes to the assessment plan, which became more distributed, and improvements in communication between students and instructors through the use of Slack. We found that the changes introduced were not only very well received by students, but also resulted in the best exam attendance and average final grade in the last 10 years of the course’s history. © 2021 IEEE.

7.
Arch Bronconeumol ; 58(2):T150-t158, 2022.
Article in English, Spanish | PubMed | ID: covidwho-1729542

ABSTRACT

In this fifth phase of development, the contents of the Spanish Asthma Management Guidelines (GEMA), which include versions 5.0 and 5.1, have undergone a thorough review. The aim here is to set the main changes in context. These could be summarized as follows: DIAGNOSIS: new FE(NO) cut-off and severity classification based on treatment needed to maintain control;INTERMITTENT ASTHMA: a more restrictive concept and treatment extended to include a glucocorticoid/adrenergic combination as needed;MILD ASTHMA: glucocorticoid/adrenergic therapy as needed as an alternative in case of low therapeutic adherence to conventional fixed-dose steroids;SEVERE ASTHMA: readjustment of phenotypes, incorporation of triple therapy in a single inhaler, and criteria for selection of a biologic in severe uncontrolled asthma;OTHERS: specific scoring in childhood asthma, incorporation of certain organizational aspects (care circuits, asthma units, telemedicine), new sections on COVID-19 and nasal polyposis.

10.
Safety and Health at Work ; 13:S171-S172, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1677049

ABSTRACT

Introduction: After more than one year of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, there are still scarce studies on healthcare workers and particular risk factors for infection, with most published papers focusing on the psychological impact of the pandemic. Our group analyzed infection rates by professional category, hospital service, as well as initial symptom onset and description in our hospital center. Material and Methods: We conducted a descriptive study of our hospital center’s healthcare workers that were infected with COVID-19 from the 13th of march of 2020 until the 31st of march of 2021. The information was mostly based on the occupational health service’s database and confirmed by consulting TRACE-COVID, a platform that gathered information on every COVID-19 patient, nationwide. Results: From March 2020 to March 2021, about 13.7% of our hospital’s staff was diagnosed with COVID-19, with the most affected being nurses and nurses’ aides, and healthcare professionals working in the emergency department, as well as infirmaries of internal medicine and general surgery. Conclusions: In our center, known high risk scenarios in the workplace were not particularly met with high incidence rate of infection, probably because of a particular compliance in the use of personal protective equipment. Although the SARS-Cov-2 pandemic remains a challenging event for hospital centers worldwide, occupational health services should use this opportunity to better study infection rates in their work environment and optimize prevention measures to further protect our professional’s health and safety.

11.
2021 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference, FIE 2021 ; 2021-October, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1672621

ABSTRACT

This Research to Practice Full Paper presents a reflective study showing the online teaching and advisory practices during Covid-19. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, distance learning and active practices to engage online learners are now centre focused on educational institutions' everyday praxis. Tertiary educators have often struggled during enforced lockdowns to convert courses from face-to-face delivery to pure online delivery. This change has presented challenges in curriculum development as academics strive to achieve best practice. It is also challenging to design a pedagogically sound and engaging course for diverse students from a broad spectrum of educational backgrounds. Online classes often require unique infrastructures such as devices with specific tools or hardware requirements. This paper presents a reflective study showing the online teaching and advisory practices during Covid-19 by the first author while teaching and supervising Master of Science (MSc) dissertation students online at a top-ranked UK university (i.e. University of Liverpool). The first author has been involved in the programme for more than ten years. This university is called University A (Uni A) throughout this paper. The paper demonstrates Uni A students' journey from finding the dissertation advisor to completing the research project. It also discusses the class structure, the university policy and guidelines, teaching practices, and how student progress is managed and assessed. The paper then contrasts the first authors experience at Uni A with that of all authors (including the first author - who has been working at both universities) experience supervising postgraduate and honours students at a top New Zealand University (i.e. Victoria University of Wellington). This university is called University B (Uni B) throughout this paper. The lessons learnt from teaching a stream of students enrolled in a pure distance learning degree (i.e. deliberate online degree) at Uni A offers insight into how Uni B might better restructure its predominantly face-to-face degrees to support both online and in-person best practices. © 2021 IEEE.

12.
17th International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications, WiMob 2021 ; 2021-October:145-150, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1648695

ABSTRACT

In the COVID-19 era, the provision of health indicators seamlessly and without contact, in groups at risk such as the elderly, is crucial due to the fast spread of the disease and the need to act quickly to contain its evolution. Continuous monitoring of vital signs, such as body temperature and cardio-respiratory rates, can be vital in early detection and prediction of COVID-19, which rapidly progresses and particularly affects the elderly population in nursing homes. Conventional clinical methods used for monitoring vital signs are contact-based, require contact sensors that need to be precisely attached by a trained health professional, are less convenient for repeatable measurements, and not practical for long-term monitoring. On the other hand, contactless vital signs monitoring using radar-based techniques, or IR-thermal imaging, do not require the attachment of physical electrodes and can be of great value in health screening of patients and help health professionals in early detection of the COVID-19 in the elderly population, in the specific context of nursing houses. This work describes the design and specification of a low-cost contactless health screening system for nursing homes, and includes the design of an IoT Edge device that can be placed above the beds where patients rest, allowing the continuous acquisition of health information and its processing without any type of contact and invasiveness. © 2021 IEEE.

13.
Circulation ; 144(SUPPL 1), 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1637608

ABSTRACT

Background: More data is needed on the cardiovascular impact of discontinuing versus continuing renin-angiotensin aldosterone system inhibitors (RAASi) among patients hospitalized with a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection (COVID-19). Methods: The McGill RAAS-COVID-19 trial was a randomized, open label trial in adult patients hospitalized with COVID-19, who were previously treated with RAASi (angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors [ACEi]/angiotensin receptor blocker [ARB]) (NCT04508985;10/2020-03/2021). Participants were randomized 1:1 to discontinue or continue RAASi. The primary outcome was a global rank score calculated from baseline to day 7 (or discharge) incorporating clinical events and biomarker changes. Global rank scores were compared between groups using the Wilcoxon test statistic and the negative binomial test (using incident rate ratio [IRR]). All analyses were conducted using the intention-to-treat principle. Results: Overall, 21 participants were randomized to discontinue RAASi and 25 to continue. Patients' mean age was 71.5 years and 43.5% were female. Discontinuation of RAASi, versus continuation, resulted in a similar mean global rank score (discontinuation 6 [standard deviation [SD] 6.3] vs continuation 3.8 (SD 2.5);p= 0.60), but the negative binomial analysis identified that discontinuation increased the risk of adverse outcomes (IRR 1.7 [95% CI 1.1 to 2.6];p=0.03). Particularly, RAASi discontinuation increased brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels (% change from baseline: +16.7% vs.-27.5%;p= 0.02) and increased the incidence of acute heart failure (33% vs. 4.2%, p=0.03). Conclusion: Discontinuation of RAASi increased BNP levels and risk of acute heart failure in participants hospitalized with COVID-19;where possible, RAASi should be continued.

14.
Thunderbird International Business Review ; : 11, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1588873

ABSTRACT

Emerging market multinational corporations (MNCs) are coming under increasing scrutiny for their international performance. While the success of Indian IT multinationals in the West has been extensively researched and reported, there is a lack of research on their relative failure in China. The rise of economic nationalism and the COVID-19 pandemic pose challenges for the mobility of professionals and the global talent management (GTM) strategy of MNCs. Through in-depth interviews with senior managers from four well-known Indian IT services multinationals, this article presents an evidence-based critique of the design and implementation of their GTM strategy both inside and outside China. It focuses specifically on the quality of the IT talent pool in China, control and coordination issues, and the challenges of workforce localization.

15.
14th IEEE International Conference on Industry Applications (INDUSCON) ; : 338-343, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1550752

ABSTRACT

The global pandemic caused by COVID-19 made the world innovate in several areas, especially in health, having as one of its allies the Internet of Things (IoT). Thus, the efforts to circumvent the challenges that arose because of this pandemic, provided the development of several applications. One of the challenges that arose on this occasion concerns the refrigeration of the vaccines for COVID, which need to be refrigerated over a specific temperature range. This challenge was already faced by other types of vaccines, but with the pandemic, it has become even more prominent. Therefore, this paper will present the development of a Refrigerated Monitoring System for Vaccines and Biological Samples (SRM-V&A) capable of monitoring and controlling the temperature of a cooler box that can be used to transport vaccines, biological samples, rapid tests, and medicines. In addition, the SRM-V&A has its own web management system. The system created is intended for the last phase of transportation to the end users and, during operation tests, met the temperatures established in the standards.

16.
23rd International Symposium on Computers in Education, SIIE 2021 ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1526336

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 Pandemic affected institutions, students, and faculty around the world. As if it wasn't already evident that technologies were gaining more space on the educational policy agenda, the decision by governments to close educational institutions made it imperative to move to online using distance learning strategies, mainly technological solutions. In this paper, we analyzed an online course created to help Portuguese teachers from different educational levels. This course aimed to support teachers transitioning from face-to-face to online and provide them with an experience as distance student. The information shared by participants, as well as satisfaction questionnaire allowed us to realize two things. On one hand, that the difficulties experienced in Portugal are similar to those identified in previous studies, on the other hand to identify specific needs by education level. We conclude that pedagogical training on distance learning methodologies and hybrid contexts is emerging, should be continued and should integrate governments and educational institutions' strategy. © 2021 IEEE.

17.
Regional Science Policy and Practice ; 13(S1):32-54, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1526417

ABSTRACT

Public health measures enacted to mitigate the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have dampened economic activity by shuttering businesses that provide ‘nonessential’ goods and services. Not surprisingly, these actions directly impacted demand for nonessential goods and services, but the full impact of this shock on the broader economy will depend on the nature and strength of value chains. In a world where production chains are increasingly fragmented, a shock in one industry (or a group of industries) in one country will affect other domestic industries as well as international trade, leading to impacts on production in other countries. We employ the World Input–Output Database to depict the interdependencies among both industries and countries, which provides a full representation of global value chains. By assuming a homogeneous impact on demand for nonessential goods and services around the world, we demonstrate asymmetric effects on production by industry and international trade, leading to asymmetric relative impacts on national economies. Our results indicate that if demand for nonessential goods and services decreases by 50%, the global gross domestic product will decline by 23%, leading to relative impacts that are larger in China, Indonesia, and some European countries. Also, international trade declines by almost 30%, largely due to a reduction in economic activity associated with the production of raw materials and certain types of manufacturing. This work highlights the relevancy of going beyond measuring the direct effects of COVID-19 and provides insights into how international trade linkages will induce broader economic impacts across the globe. © 2021 The Authors. Regional Science Policy & Practice © 2021 Regional Science Association International

18.
Sociedade e Cultura ; 24, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1499171

ABSTRACT

The year 2020 was marked by the coronavirus pandemic. Brazil, a country particularly affected by the disease, is a terrible example on the world stage thanks to the high number of contaminated and dead people as a result of denialism and lack of programs and policies aimed at preventing and fighting the disease. This article, through literature analysis, media reports, and posts on the social media, aims to think through the Brazilian context by taking an anthropological perspective in face of the pandemic under two registers: the first is about the impact of government responses related to ideological issues based on necropolitics;the second concerns the fact that isolation and quarantine have had a major impact on society due to routine changes. Thus, the study seeks to analyze the symbolic meanings produced by the disease in relation to changes in habits and behaviors, especially with regard to the use of masks and practices for disinfecting environments and objects. © 2021 Universidade Federal de Goias. All rights reserved.

19.
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene ; 104(3 Suppl):25-33, 2021.
Article in English | Africa Wide Information | ID: covidwho-1489471

ABSTRACT

WATERLIT Abstract: Infection prevention and control (IPC) strategies are key in preventing nosocomial transmission of COVID-19. Several commonly used IPC practices are resource-intensive and may be challenging to implement in resource-constrained settings. An international group of healthcare professionals from or with experience in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) searched the literature for relevant evidence. We report on a set of pragmatic recommendations for hospital-based IPC practices in resource-constrained settings of LMICs. For cases of confirmed or suspected COVID-19, we suggest that patients be placed in a single isolation room, whenever possible. When single isolation rooms are unavailable or limited, we recommend cohorting patients with COVID-19 on dedicated wards or in dedicated hospitals. We also recommend that cases of suspected COVID-19 be cohorted separately from those with confirmed disease, whenever possible, to minimize the risk of patient-to-patient transmission in settings where confirmatory testing may be limited. We suggest that healthcare workers be designated to care exclusively for patients with COVID-19, whenever possible, as another approach to minimize nosocomial spread. This approach may also be beneficial in conserving limited supplies of reusable personal protective equipment (PPE). We recommend that visitors be restricted for patients with COVID-19. In settings where family members or visitors are necessary for caregiving, we recommend that the appropriate PPE be used by visitors. We also recommend that education regarding hand hygiene and donning/doffing procedures for PPE be provided. Last, we suggest that all visitors be screened for symptoms before visitation and that visitor logs be maintained

20.
Journal of the Neurological Sciences ; 429, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1466691

ABSTRACT

Background and aims: Opicapone (OPC) proved to be effective in the treatment of end-of-dose motor fluctuations in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Non-motor symptoms have a substantial impact on health-related quality of life and are reported in approximately 90% of idiopathic PD patients. End-of-dose motor fluctuations and associated sleep disorders are commonly observed in PD patients who receive treatment with levodopa (L-dopa)/DOPA decarboxylase inhibitors (DDCI). This study aims to evaluate the effects of OPC treatment on sleep disorders in PD patients with ‘wearing-off’. Methods: Approximately 30 patients (aged ≥30 years) with idiopathic PD, treated with 3–8 daily doses of L-dopa/DDCI, with ‘wearing-off’ and sleep disorders will receive OPC 50 mg once daily during a 6-week evaluation period. L-dopa/DDCI daily dose, but not number of intakes, may be adjusted according to the patients' response in the first 2 weeks, and is kept unchanged afterwards (Fig. 1). As a pilot study, no formal sample size calculation was performed. [Formula presented] Results: The primary endpoint is change from baseline in total score of Parkinson's Disease Sleep Scale-2. Secondary endpoints include tolerability, functional motor and non-motor assessments (Movement Disorder Society-Non-Motor Symptoms Scale, Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire-8, Parkinson's Fatigue Scale, ON/OFF home diary), and Clinical and Patient Global Impression of Change scales. Study sites are in Germany and Portugal. First-patient-in is expected for early 2021 and last-patient-out for late 2021. Timelines might be impacted by the COVID-19 situation. Conclusions: This pilot study will provide preliminary data on the potential effect of OPC 50 mg once daily as adjunctive therapy to L-dopa/DDCI on PD-associated sleep disorders.

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