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1.
European Journal of Public Health ; 31, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1515074

ABSTRACT

Background Annual influenza vaccine uptake is recommended by the Portuguese General-Directorate of Health to certain priority groups. In 2020, amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, some exceptional measures were adopted to operationalize the Portuguese influenza vaccination campaign, like the extension and phasing of the vaccination period. No major changes were introduced in the vaccination of healthcare workers. In Baixo Tâmega health cluster (Portugal), it was perceived that these workers' vaccine uptake had markedly increased in 2020-2021. This study aims to compare their influenza vaccination coverage rates in 2020-2021 to the last 10 seasons. Methods A cross-sectional study of the vaccine uptake among the health workers of Baixo Tâmega health cluster was developed. A descriptive analysis was carried out, calculating annual influenza vaccination coverage rates from 2010-2011 to 2020-2021, in doctors, nurses and other health workers. Inferential analysis was performed through chi-squared tests in IBM SPSS Statistics 27.0.1.0., considering significant p-values<0.05. Results The difference between health workers 2020-2021's influenza coverage rate and the last season's average rates was 22.81%. Before 2020-2021, average vaccination coverage rates were 51.60% (standard deviation 7.34%, 44.26-58.94%), 60.44% (standard deviation 4.12%, 56.32-64.56%) and 51.20% (standard deviation 7.66%, 43.54-58.86%), in doctors, nurses and other health workers, respectively. In 2020-2021, vaccination rates significantly increased to 79.34%, 79.52% and 74.24% in doctors, nurses and others, respectively (p < 0.001). Conclusions Influenza vaccination uptake increased in 2020-2021 among health workers. Further studies should be developed to evaluate this tendency on a larger scale and to better understand its associated factors, which could have been unstructured awareness-raising campaigns, perception of protection against COVID-19 or avoidance of COVID-19-like symptoms and coinfection. Key messages Influenza vaccination coverage rates increased in 2020-2021 among the healthcare workers of a Portuguese health cluster. The COVID-19 pandemic may have contributed to the increase in the influenza vaccination coverage rates.

3.
European Psychiatry ; 64(S1):S279, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1357199

ABSTRACT

IntroductionThe SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is affecting numerous dimensions of our society since the beginning of the outbreak. A significant increase in emotional distress was expected in the general population, particularly among the high-risk groups such as the oldest, chronic patients, healthcare professionals, and psychopathology vulnerable people. There was an urgent need to adapt and create solutions to promote mental health. Given the recommendations to minimize face-to-face interactions, several helplines were widely developed.ObjectivesIn this work, we aim to reflect on the experience of a university helpline, that integrated efforts with the regional mental health care services.MethodsA University helpline was created to give support to the regional community outside academia. The team was created on an online teamwork platform, to communicate through the chat, carry videoconference meetings, and store useful files. A Manchester screening decision tree was adopted, to define a set of guidelines to provide support to the callers, based mainly on the guidelines defined by the Order of Portuguese Psychologists. Liaison with the mental health care services, including other specific helplines, was established.ResultsNotwithstanding all the efforts, the number of received calls was scarce, similarly to helplines created by other national universities and by other entities.ConclusionsA new approach to psychological intervention in crisis is needed, maintaining integrated efforts, and taking advantage of the opportunity to foster personalized mental health care in the digital era. It is important to continuously assess the value of integrated efforts in patient care and to the healthcare system.

5.
Journal of Thoracic Oncology ; 16(3):S285-S286, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1159457

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The first patient with COVID-19 in Portugal was diagnosed on March 2. There was a lack of knowledge concerning the risks of COVID-19 infection in lung cancer patients, prognostic factors, the influence of cancer treatments and cure criteria. Treatments and consultations were readjusted in order to maintain the ones that increase patients’ survival, while reducing the risks of SARS-CoV-2 infection. International and national “guidelines” were followed, but each hospital had its own strategies to reduce COVID-19 risk. Purpose: The Portuguese Lung Cancer Study Group launched a survey in order to study the early impact of COVID-19 in lung cancer patients, changes in treatments and the way of implementation of COVID-free circuits. Methods: A survey was sent to lung cancer doctors of all the Portuguese hospitals. Results: At the data cut-off, information from twenty one hospitals was collected, corresponding to about 66% (n=3.446) of each year new diagnoses of lung cancer in Portugal. In March and April there was a reduction in newly lung cancer diagnosed patients while comparing with 2019: in March, 86% had a reduction;in April, 90% of the hospitals reported a reduction and it was greater than 40% in eight hospitals (38%). About 62% of the doctors considered less referral from primary care as a cause, and 33% delayed biopsies or other imaging exams. The most difficult exams to obtain were CT guided biopsies and EBUS for 48%. The majority of the hospitals (57%) were also referral for COVID-19 patients’ treatment. In 48% of the lung cancer treating departments’ there were doctors reallocated to COVID-19 treatment areas. In 48% the assistance teams were divided into teams that weren’t previously working together. The majority of doctors (90%) reported having individual protection equipment available. Hospitals performed teleconsultation (100%), and, in seven hospitals (33%), more than half of the consultations were done using communication technology. All the hospitals were able to perform SARS-CoV-2 testing. It was done before every cycle of chemotherapy in 90% of the hospitals. In the majority (67%) it was only performed before day D1, in D1 and D8 chemotherapy protocols. About 19% reported changes in prescription of adjuvant chemotherapy and in maintenance chemotherapy, 33% increased the prescription of oral chemotherapy, 33% changed the periodicity, 29% reported reduction in inclusion in clinical trials. In 33% there was an earlier end of chemotherapy in ECOG2 and vulnerable patients. In 38% the prescription of G-CSF (Granulocity-colony stimulating factor) increased, being used for prophylaxis if the risk of febrile neutropenia was more than 10-15%. The periodicity of consultations was changed for patients under TKI treatment in 86%, and 67% hospitals reported changes in immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment schedule. In 29% oral drugs could be delivered at patients’ home. All the patients admitted for surgery were tested for SARS-CoV-2, and 86% performed SARS-COV-2 testing before radiotherapy. Conclusion: Portuguese hospitals responded to the sudden need of creation of COVID-free circuits, change protocols and even teleconsultation. With a larger follow up we will study the late consequences of COVID-19 pandemic in lung cancer diagnosis and treatment. Keywords: COVID-19, survey, Portuguese Lung Cancer Study Group

6.
Public Health ; 189: 54-59, 2020 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-828245

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Contact tracing and quarantine are common measures used in the management of infectious disease outbreaks. However, few studies have measured their impact on the control of the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of those measures on reducing transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in a community setting. STUDY DESIGN: The study design is a retrospective cohort study. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of COVID-19 cases notified in Eastern Porto from March 1st to April 30th, 2020 was performed. Intervention and control cohorts were defined based on whether cases were subjected to contact tracing and quarantine measures before the laboratory confirmation of disease. The number of secondary cases per index case and the proportion of cases with subsequent secondary cases were the primary outcomes. Secondary outcomes included the time from symptom onset to specimen collection and the number of close contacts. The analysis was stratified according to whether national lockdown measures had already been implemented. RESULTS: The intervention and control cohorts comprised 98 and 453 cases, respectively. No differences were observed concerning primary outcomes. The intervention group had a shorter time between symptom onset and specimen collection (median: 3 days, interquartile range [IQR]: 1-6, vs. median: 5 days, IQR: 2-7, P-value = 0.004) and fewer close contacts (median: 0, IQR: 0-2, vs. median: 2, IQR: 1-4, P-value<0.001). The stratified analysis returned similar results. CONCLUSION: Local public health measures were effective in reducing the time between symptom onset and laboratory diagnosis and the number of close contacts per case. No effect was apparent on secondary case figures, suggesting that further measures may be required.


Subject(s)
Asymptomatic Infections/epidemiology , COVID-19/transmission , Contact Tracing/methods , Disease Transmission, Infectious/prevention & control , Quarantine , SARS-CoV-2 , Adult , Aged , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Communicable Disease Control/methods , Disease Outbreaks/prevention & control , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Isolation , Portugal/epidemiology , Public Health , Retrospective Studies
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