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Adv Biol Regul ; 77: 100742, 2020 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-650893


The rapid onset and worldwide spread of the COVID-19 epidemic (caused by SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus) has been associated with a profound impact in clinical practice also in the hematologic setting. First of all, given the immunosuppressive effect of many therapies that are normally administered to patients with hematological diseases, with a consequent increased risk of contracting a more severe viral infection, it has been necessary to reconsider in each individual patient the urgency and priority of the treatments foreseen by the normal standards of care. In particular, as regards allogeneic (and to a lesser extent autologous) hematopoietic cell transplantation and CAR T-cell therapy, specific recommendations have been issued by the transplant community on the criteria to be used to decide whether or not to postpone these procedures and on the clinical management of recipients and donors exposed to COVID-19. As to cytotoxic chemotherapy and other antineoplastic therapies, criteria have been proposed to decide, in the various clinical situations, which treatments were not deferrable and which instead could be postponed or replaced by less aggressive therapies. In the outpatient clinics, various organizational solutions for telemedicine have been adopted, resorting to telephone interviews and/or Information Technology, with the aim of reducing the influx of patients while maintaining an adequate control of their clinical condition. The collection of blood by the transfusion centers has been the subject of organizational measures, in order to avoid the transmission of COVID 19 while maintaining a sufficient blood collection for clinical needs. Finally, some hematologic laboratory alterations have been identified, such as thrombocytopenia, lymphopenia and coagulation abnormalities, useful for the prognostic evaluation of infected patients.

Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Hematologic Diseases/therapy , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Venous Thromboembolism/therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Betacoronavirus/immunology , Betacoronavirus/pathogenicity , Blood Transfusion/ethics , COVID-19 , Clinical Decision-Making/ethics , Comorbidity , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/immunology , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Disease Management , Hematologic Diseases/epidemiology , Hematologic Diseases/immunology , Hematologic Diseases/virology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/ethics , Humans , Outpatients , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/immunology , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , SARS-CoV-2 , Telemedicine/methods , Venous Thromboembolism/epidemiology , Venous Thromboembolism/immunology , Venous Thromboembolism/virology