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1.
2022 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1874719

ABSTRACT

Research on social robots in care has often focused on either the care recipients or the technology itself, neglecting the care workers who, in and through their collaborative and coordinative practices, will need to work with the robots. To better understand these interactions with a social robot (Pepper), we undertook a 3 month long-term study within a care home to gain empirical insights into the way the robot was used. We observed how care workers learned to use the device, applied it to their daily work life, and encountered obstacles. Our findings show that the care workers used the robot regularly (1:07 hours/day) mostly in one-to-one interactions with residents. While the robot had a limited effect on reducing the workload of care workers, it had other positive effects, demonstrating the potential to enhance the quality of care. © 2022 Owner/Author.

2.
Pediatr Surg Int ; 37(11): 1593-1599, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1342966

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This pilot study was designed to assess bowel function and quality of life (QoL) in children and adolescents with congenital colorectal malformations (CCM) during the first UK COVID lockdown period. METHODS: Changes in health were assessed through semi-structured interviews, gastrointestinal functional outcomes using Krickenbeck scoring and QoL by the modified disease-specific HAQL (Hirschsprung's disease anorectal malformation quality of life questionnaire). The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)™ for adults was used to assess parental anxiety. RESULTS: Thirty-two families were interviewed; 19 (59%) reported no change in their child's health during the lockdown, 5 (16%) a deterioration and 8 (25%) an improvement. Neither the severity of the CCM, nor the degree of bowel dysfunction, correlated with any deterioration. The HAQL score was not correlated to a change in health. Anxiety scores ranged from no anxiety to clinical concerns. Telemedicine was well accepted by 28/32 parents (88%); however, in-person appointments were preferred if there were clinical concerns. CONCLUSION: In the follow-up of children and adolescents with CCM during the first UK lockdown using telemedicine we found that over half had stable health conditions. Patients needing additional care could not be predicted by the severity of their disease or their bowel function alone.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Colorectal Neoplasms , Telemedicine , Adolescent , Adult , Child , Communicable Disease Control , Humans , Pandemics , Pilot Projects , Quality of Life , SARS-CoV-2 , United Kingdom/epidemiology
3.
2nd African International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, IEOM 2020 ; 59:565-572, 2020.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1232886

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted the everyday lives of people and businesses around the world, and a field greatly affected has been the United States pharmaceutical supply chain. This global pandemic has made preexisting issues within the supply chain’s structure more glaring than before with people’s lives being at risk. Demand for drugs is at least equivalent and likely higher in this current health setting. If companies are not providing the appropriate medications to their customers, then it can be the difference between life and death for some. To investigate the challenges behind the supply chain, the analysis was focused on problems before COVID-19, such as the lack of transparency, burdensome regulations, and logistical issues due to improper distribution. An investigation on how COVID-19 has impacted each specific part of the pharmaceutical supply chain leads to a discussion on what recommendations could be implemented to fix the presented issues. The U.S. pharmaceutical supply chain is a complex, global system that has become increasingly more challenging to navigate because of COVID-19. Shortages need to be mitigated, and the inevitability of a future vaccine for the virus needs to follow a proper logistics and distribution model to ensure its success. © IEOM Society International.

4.
Journal of patient safety. Publish Ahead of Print ; 15:15, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-990960

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Health care workers (HCWs) have been engaged in fighting dangerous epidemics for hundreds of years, more recently in severe acute respiratory syndrome, H1N1, Middle East respiratory syndrome, and now coronavirus disease 2019. A consistent feature of epidemic disease results is that health care systems and HCWs are placed under immense strain. METHODS: A focused narrative review was conducted using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines to examine the main concerns and anxieties faced by HCWs during recent epidemics and to determine the supports deemed most important to those HCWs to keep them at the frontline. PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library were searched in March 2020 using terms "Healthcare" OR "Medical" AND "Staff" OR "Workers" OR "Front line" AND "Concerns" OR "Anxiety" OR "Stress" AND "Pandemic" Or "Epidemic." RESULTS: Twenty-five studies that reported the concerns and expectations of an estimated 13,793 HCWs in 10 countries (Canada, China, Greece, Hong Kong, Japan, Liberia, Netherlands, Saudi Arabia, Singapore and Taiwan) during pandemic situations were identified. Health care workers identified personal and family safety, appreciation, and the provision of personal protective equipment and adequate rest as primary concerns. Informal psychological supports were favored over formal employment-based group interventions. DISCUSSION: Despite being hailed by the media as heroes, HCWs face social stigmatization and experienced high levels of anxiety and fear regarding personal safety and the health of their colleagues and family. Health care workers are more likely to seek peer-to-peer psychological support but also benefit from knowing that formal psychological supports are available to them.

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