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1.
Thorac Cancer ; 11(8): 2370-2375, 2020 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-649797

ABSTRACT

To date, the impact, timeline and duration of COVID-19 pandemic remains unknown and more than ever it is necessary to provide safe pathways for cancer patients. Multiple triage systems for nonemergent surgical procedures have been published, but potentially curative cancer procedures are essential surgery rather than elective surgery. In the present and future scenario of our country, thoracic oncology teams may have the difficult decision of weighing the utility of surgical intervention against the risk for inadvertent COVID-19 exposure for patients and medical staff. In consequence, traditional pathways of surgical care must be adjusted to reduce the risk of infection and the use of resources. It is recommended that all thoracic cancer patients should be offered treatment according to the accepted standard of care until shortage of services require a progressive reduction in surgical cases. Here, we present a consensus of recommendations discussed by a multidisciplinary panel of experts on thoracic oncology and based on the best available evidence, and hope it will provide a modifiable framework of guidance for local strategy planners in thoracic cancer care services in Mexico. KEY POINTS: SIGNIFICANT FINDINGS OF THE STUDY: This article provides recommendations to guarantee the continuity of surgical care for thoracic oncology cases during COVID-19 pandemic, whilst maintaining the safety of patients and medical staff. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS: This guideline is the result of an expert consensus on thoracic surgical oncology with recommendations adapted to medical, economic and social realities of Mexico.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Lung Neoplasms/epidemiology , Pandemics , Thoracic Neoplasms/epidemiology , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/virology , Guidelines as Topic , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/complications , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/virology , Medical Oncology/trends , Mexico/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , Thoracic Neoplasms/complications , Thoracic Neoplasms/surgery , Thoracic Neoplasms/virology , Triage
2.
Am J Prev Med ; 59(3): 326-332, 2020 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-614429

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Existing socioeconomic and racial disparities in healthcare access in New York City have likely impacted the public health response to COVID-19. An ecological study was performed to determine the spatial distribution of COVID-19 testing by ZIP code Tabulation Area and investigate if testing was associated with race or SES. METHODS: Data were obtained from the New York City coronavirus data repository and 2018 American Community Survey 5-year estimates. A combined index of SES was created using principal component analysis and incorporated household income, gross rent, poverty, education, working class status, unemployment, and occupants per room. Multivariable Poisson regressions were performed to predict the number of total tests and the ratio of positive tests to total tests performed, using the SES index, racial composition, and Hispanic composition as predictors. RESULTS: The number of total tests significantly increased with the increasing proportion of white residents (ß=0.004, SE=0.001, p=0.0032) but not with increasing Hispanic composition or SES index score. The ratio of positive tests to total tests significantly decreased with the increasing proportion of white residents in the ZIP code Tabulation Area (ß= -0.003, SE=0.000 6, p<0.001) and with increasing SES index score (ß= -0.001 6, SE=0.0007, p=0.0159). CONCLUSIONS: In New York City, COVID-19 testing has not been proportional to need; existing socioeconomic and racial disparities in healthcare access have likely impacted public health response. There is urgent need for widespread testing and public health outreach for the most vulnerable communities in New York City.


Subject(s)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Health Services Accessibility , Healthcare Disparities , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Testing , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/ethnology , /statistics & numerical data , Humans , New York City/epidemiology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/ethnology , Poverty , Socioeconomic Factors , /statistics & numerical data
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