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1.
RISTI - Revista Iberica de Sistemas e Tecnologias de Informacao ; 2022(E53):33-45, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2325578

ABSTRACT

Tourism worldwide was one of the great victims of the Covid-19 pandemic;According to the UNWTO, the arrival of tourists is reduced by 74% for the 2020 period compared to the data from the previous year;this, taking into account the measures and protocols imposed by governments to reduce contagion. The restrictions directly affected the tourist accommodation activity carried out at the national and international level;specifically, the municipality of Zipaquirá, Cundinamarca known as the Salt Capital of Colombia;where every year nationals and foreigners visit the Salt Cathedral and therefore look for a place to stay;hence the importance of the investigation since the hotel entities presented several difficulties to continue in the market. The present investigation is of a descriptive nature with a mixed approach;since it is expected to know the current situation of each of the hotels in the Barrio Estación Salinas. © 2022, Associacao Iberica de Sistemas e Tecnologias de Informacao. All rights reserved.

2.
Open Forum Infectious Diseases ; 9(Supplement 2):S436, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2189692

ABSTRACT

Background. The COVID-19 pandemic has overwhelmed health systems around the world, causing access problems. The patient referral system in Caracas, Venezuela has no interinstitutional coordination, patients are given a note by the referring center and thereafter seeking care relies on themselves. We studied primarily to what extent the Caracas healthcare system satisfied the demand for hospitalization of severe COVID-19 during periods of congestion, measured in proportion of patients not hospitalized;and secondly how difficult it was for patients with severe COVID-19 to meet their need of hospitalization, measured in number of days and visits made to health centers until hospitalization or desisting from further searching. Methods. This study was approved by national bioethics committee. We included all symptomatic patients who attended the University Hospital of Caracas COVID-19 testing center, whose nasopharyngeal swab PCR was positive for SARS-CoV-2, and whose SpO2 was 93% or less between 07/01/2020 and 07/24/2020, the period in which we referred patients due to unavailability of beds in our center. Results. Ninety-four patients were included, 66 (70%) were men, the mean age was 58 years (range, 25-87 years), the median number of comorbidities was 1 (range, 0-3), and the median SpO2 was 90% (range, 30%-93%). Fourty-three (46%) patients were never admitted following referral from our center. Referred patients required a median of 1 day (range, 1-15 days) and 2 visits (range, 1-41 visits) to being admitted, or a median of 2 days (range, 1-17 days) and 5 visits (range, 1-31 visits) to desisting from further searching for admission. Conclusion. These data show that the healthcare system did not meet the hospitalization needs of half of the patientswith severe COVID-19 during the peak of the first wave of the pandemic in Caracas. The data also show that referred patientsfaced a major delay in being hospitalized, and that referred patients had to perform multiple visits to healthcare centers accross the city as a consequence of insufficient system capacity, increasing their urban mobility and therefore their probabilities of transmitting SARS-CoV-2 to others.

3.
Revista Lasallista de Investigacion ; 19(1):135-151, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese, Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2100708

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The SARS-CoV-2 is the denomination of the new betacoronavirus, which was discovered and isolated for the first time in Wuhan, China, at the end of December 2019, and it is the causal agent of the sanitary emergency of the COVID-19 pandemic. Experimental studies have shown susceptibility to infection in pets (dogs and cats). Objective: To present the current information available on SARS-CoV-2 in animals under the care of humans that have been officially reported in the sanitary registries of the World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS) of the World Organization for Animal Health. Materials and methods: We conducted a narrative review using Medline/ PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Sciences, and official documents of the World Organisation for Animal Health. The search terms used were as follows: “coronavirus”, “SARS coronavirus 2019”, “SARS-CoV”, “SARS-CoV-2 in dog and/or cat” “pets SARS-CoV-2”. Results: The studies reviewed in this manuscript highlight those positive cases in cats and dogs for SARS-CoV-2 have been associated with an exposure to positive COVID-19 people. In the available evidence, 55.17 % of the total cases of animals that were positive for SARS-CoV-2 were associated with people with COVID-19 who had the disease at home, possibly due to maintaining a longer exposure to the humans. Conclusion: Regarding the zoonotic aspects, it is important to clarify that although several animal species have been infected by SARSCoV-2, none of them has been scientifically proven to represent a risk of direct transmission between positive animals and other humans or to play an epidemiological role in the disease © 2022, Revista Lasallista de Investigacion.All Rights Reserved.

4.
Biomedica ; 42(3):41, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1865874

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The severe acute respiratory syndrome of the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is the causal agent of the health emergency due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Although humans are the main susceptible host, experimental studies and reported cases of natural infection have evidenced scenarios of SARS-CoV-2 reverse zoonosis in animals. Objective: To evaluate the natural infection of SARS-CoV-2 in cats and dogs of owners diagnosed with COVID-19 in the Aburra Valley, Antioquia, Colombia. Materials and methods: The circulation of SARS-CoV-2 was evaluated by RT-qPCR and RT-PCR in samples of nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal smears from cats and dogs whose owners had latency due to COVID-19 infection. The positive cases were verified by amplifying fragments of the RdRp, N and E genes;and the RdRp amplicon was sequenced and phylogenetically analyzed. Results: Six cats and three dogs were confirmed cases of natural infection for SARS-CoV-2 from 80 tested animals. The animals did not show clinical signs;and their owners, who suffered from the infection, reported only mild signs of the disease without clinical complications. In the analysis of one of the sequences, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was found with a change in position 647 substituting the amino acid serine (S) for an isoleucine (I). The cases occurred in the municipalities of Caldas, Medellin and Envigado. Conclusions: It is inferred that natural infection in cats and dogs is associated with direct contact with a COVID-19 patient.

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