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1.
Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics ; 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2293616

ABSTRACT

We introduce a Bayesian mixed frequency VAR model for the aggregate euro area labour market that features a structural identification via sign restrictions. The purpose of this paper is twofold: we aim at (i) providing reliable and timely forecasts of key labour market variables and (ii) enhancing the economic interpretation of the main movements in the labour market. We find satisfactory results in terms of nowcasting and forecasting, especially for employment growth. Furthermore, we look into the shocks that drove the labour market and macroeconomic dynamics from 2002 to 2022, with an insight also on the COVID-19 recession. While demand shocks were the main drivers during the Global Financial Crisis, technology and wage bargaining factors, reflecting the degree of lockdown-related restrictions and job retention schemes, have been important drivers of key labour market variables during the pandemic. © 2023 Oxford University and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

2.
Tumori ; 106(2 SUPPL):69-70, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1109856

ABSTRACT

Background: The province of Cremona had one of the highest incidence of COVID-19 (COV-19) infection in Italy. The pandemic determined a significant shrinkage of our healthcare resources with difficulty for many patients (pts) to be assisted in the hospital, especially for the risk of being infected. Therefore, we created a homecare project for cancer pts with the aim of reducing hospitalizations, accesses to the oncology ward and emergency room. Methods: The team was composed by oncologists and nurses from the Oncology Unit of Cremona Community Hospital, supported by a secretary with a dedicated telephone number. The assistance was provided from Monday to Saturday, 9 AM-5 PM. Cancer pts were eligible if presenting confirmed diagnosis or suggestive symptoms for COV-19. A telephonic triage was performed. Cancer pts and their cohabitants were tested with at least 2 nasopharyngeal swabs (NPS). Blood test, medical examinations and vital parameters were performed. We advised screened individuals to follow the quarantine procedures, providing them with an information leaflet. We administered oral/infusional treatments, including antiviral drugs. Results: From March 23rd to April 30th 2020, 71 cancer pts were assisted at home, with a total of 191 visits. Of the 71 pts tested with NPS, 26 resulted COV-19 positive (COV-19+). 19 of COV-19+ pts had mild symptoms;7 pts with stable vital parameters and initial pneumonia were successfully treated at home with hydroxychloroquine, antivirals and NSAIDs. 7 pts with severe symptoms were promptly hospitalized. 4 of them died, 2 due to the infection, 2 to progression disease. 52 cohabitants were screened with NPS, 28 lived with a COV-19+ cancer patient;in this subgroup, 16 resulted COV-19+. 15 of them were completely asymptomatic. Conclusions: This project demonstrated the feasibility of an innovative model based on homecare assistance for COV-19+ cancer pts with mild symptoms. This strategy, limiting the number of hospital accesses for COV-19+ pts, might be useful to contain the spread of the infection. Further studies are needed to test this strategy in COV-19 negative cancer pts. Moreover, our experience indicates a high probability of identifying asymptomatic positive individuals cohabiting with COVID+ pts. NPS screening for asymptomatic subjects is not routinely performed in Italy. There is a urgent need to extend the screening to this population.

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