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Cureus ; 14(4): e24290, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1876128


Hemorrhagic cardiac tamponade in the setting of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) is rare but life-threatening. Presentation in subacute cases can also be nonspecific, which can potentially delay diagnosis. A 60-year-old female with a history of heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease presented with shortness of breath, chest pain, and cough while on treatment with apixaban after a recent hospitalization for pulmonary embolism. Clinical presentation was consistent with multiple diagnoses, including pneumonia and heart failure exacerbation. However, there were several risk factors for hemopericardium with DOACs such as elevated creatinine, hypertension, elevated international normalized ratio (INR), and concomitant use of medications with similar metabolic pathways as apixaban. In addition, subtle findings on examination such as oximetry paradoxus and electrical alternans were crucial for an early diagnosis and management. In this case, we discuss key characteristics of hemopericardium with DOACs, as well as considerations on its management.

Heart Lung ; 49(6): 808-811, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-778905


IMPORTANCE: As the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic accelerates, our hospitals have become overwhelmed. OBJECTIVE: To describe detection of COVID-19 in asymptomatic hospitalized individuals awaiting advanced therapies for HF and the management of complications of COVID-19. DESIGN: We present a unique case report of hospital-acquired COVID-19 in a patient on temporary mechanical circulatory support. MAIN OUTCOME: Despite intensive care and monitoring, he developed rapid progression of hypoxic respiratory failure which led to his death. CONCLUSION: This case highlights various considerations for a patient with temporary MCS. It illustrates the high risk for development of COVID-19 for vulnerable hospitalized patients.

Coronavirus Infections , Cross Infection , Heart Failure , Heart-Assist Devices , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Asymptomatic Infections , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Clinical Deterioration , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Cross Infection/complications , Cross Infection/diagnosis , Fatal Outcome , Heart Failure/complications , Heart Failure/therapy , Hospitalization , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , SARS-CoV-2